A 41-year-old woman was treated with a Figulla (Occlutec, Helsingborg, Sweden) atrial septum occluder device with no intraprocedural complications. Five months later, dislocation of the device in the abdominal aorta was detected. The occluder device was located at the level of the celiac axis, nearly obstructing the entire aorta. Owing to total incorporation of the device, endoluminal retrieval was not possible. Through a medial rotation approach, the device was safely removed. This is a rare complication after endoluminal closure of an atrial septum defect. The retrieval possibilities are discussed.
OBJECTIVES: To report the availability of percutaneous closure for an adult population with interatrial septal defects. METHODS: Observational study with 66 consecutive patients referred to a tertiary center for evaluation of the possibility of percutaneous closure. The patients were selected initially after review of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and finally after heart catheterization. RESULTS: Out of 66 patients, 50 were selected after the review of TEE and 38 of them were selected after catheterization; all of the 38 were effectively closed. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous closure is possible and can be carried out safely in a majority of the adult population with interatrial shunts.
Until recently, surgical repair was the standard treatment for an ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD), a common congenital heart defect. Closing ASDs using a device inserted via a catheter now offers another option for some patients. Limited comparative data indicate that newer approaches to transcatheter repair have a higher failure rate than that for surgery, but short-term complication rates are lower. Evidence from long-term follow-up of patients with device closure of ASDs is not yet available. Equipment and procedure costs may be higher for transcatheter closure than for surgery, but overall costs may be reduced through avoiding intensive care unit costs and through shorter hospital stays.