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Severe-to-profound hearing impairment: demographic data, gender differences and benefits of audiological rehabilitation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature310740
Source
Disabil Rehabil. 2019 11; 41(23):2766-2774
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
11-2019
Author
Satu Turunen-Taheri
Per-Inge Carlsson
Ann-Christin Johnson
Sten Hellström
Author Affiliation
Department of CLINTEC, Division of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
Disabil Rehabil. 2019 11; 41(23):2766-2774
Date
11-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Correction of Hearing Impairment - methods - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Disability Evaluation
Female
Hearing Aids
Hearing Loss - diagnosis - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Quality of Life
Sex Factors
Sweden
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify and report demographic data of patients with severe-to-profound hearing loss, assess participation in audiological rehabilitation and analyze the benefits of various rehabilitation methods.Materials and methods: Data on 4286 patients with severe-to-profound hearing impairments registered in the Swedish Quality Register of Otorhinolaryngology over a period from 2006-2015 were studied. Demographic data, gender differences, audiological rehabilitation and benefits of the rehabilitation were analyzed.Results: Group rehabilitation and visits to a hearing rehabilitation educator provided the most benefits in audiological rehabilitation. Only 40.5% of the patients received extended audiological rehabilitation, of which 54.5% were women. A total of 9.5% of patients participated in group rehabilitation, with 59.5% being women. Women also visited technicians, welfare officers, hearing rehabilitation educators, psychologists and physicians and received communication rehabilitation in a group and fit with cochlea implants significantly more often than did men.Conclusions: The study emphasizes the importance of being given the opportunity to participate in group rehabilitation and meet a hearing rehabilitation educator to experience the benefits of hearing rehabilitation. There is a need to offer extended audiological rehabilitation, especially in terms of gender differences, to provide the same impact for women and men.Implications for RehabilitationSignificantly more women than men with severe-to-profound hearing impairment receive audiological rehabilitation.Hearing impairment appears to have a significantly more negative impact on women's quality of life than men's.It is important to offer extended audiological rehabilitation to all patients with severe-to-profound hearing loss to obtain an equal hearing health care regardless of gender.
PubMed ID
29893149 View in PubMed
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