In Republic of Tatarstan, the health survey of males of military age was carried out in 1996-2003. During this period, significant decrease of basic health indicators in males of military age was established. From year of 2000, steady trend in noticeable improvement of particular health indicators of conscripts was observed. Impact of social factors on conditioning of conscripts' health was revealed. However, their health promotion requires further enhancement and transformation. Total sampling was used to study health conditions in males of military age. Adverse destructive trends in health of males of military age were noticed. They reached their peak in 1996-1999. Social economic crisis showed up in lower morals and social cataclysms, led to degradation of population and came to the end in 2000. Later on, increase of particular health indicators of males of military age was established. Steady positive trend in some health factors related to this population group was revealed. Hence, prerequisites for further enhancement of physical, moral and mental health of young people of military age were created.
The literature on how to combine efficiency and equity considerations in the social valuation of health allocations has borrowed extensively from applied welfare economics, including the literature on inequality measurement. By so doing, it has adopted normative assumptions that have been applied for evaluating the allocation of welfare (or income) rather than the allocation of health, including the assumption of a monotonically declining social marginal value of welfare/income/health. At the same time, empirical studies that have elicited social preferences for allocation of health have reported results that are seemingly incompatible with this assumption. There are two ways of addressing this inconsistency; we may censor the stated preferences by arguing that they cannot be supported by normative arguments, or we may reject or modify the analytical framework in order to accommodate the stated preferences. We argue that the stated preferences can be supported by normative reasoning and therefore conclude that one should be cautious in applying the standard welfare economic framework to the allocation of health.
The article analyzes the dynamics of main health indicators of youth adolescents aged 15-18 years from the point of view of readiness to serve in the armed forces of the Russian Federation. The actual aspects of organization of medical examination of conscripts are considered. The ten years dynamics of indicators of morbidity of adolescents aged 15-17 years of Moscow oblast was studied in comparison with the data from the Central federal okrug and Russia in general. The activity of medical organizations and medical personnel is studied The main resources of enhancement and implementation in the territories of measures within the framework of the governmental Concept of federal program of training of citizen for military service up to 2020 are identified. The practice recommendations are developed concerning the optimization medical support of youth training for military service, intersectorial integration, enhancement of the role of pediatric service first of all the children polyclinics in the field of effective implementation of tasks of recruitment of army with healthy contingent.
The authors examined 210 children aged 11-12 years for the impact of an academic process on the mental and physical health of pupils. The children were from two schools: a school with a physicomathematical bias and a general educational school. The anxiety of the children from these schools and their physical health were evaluated. The mental and physical health has been found to be currently characterized by negative trends. However, the situation is much worse at the physicomathematical school than that at the general educational one.
The question often arises of how health status is to be measured, or to what end. A number of instruments have been developed for the measurement of patient health, and the article consists in a review of the methodology and specific applications of some of those most commonly used, as outlined in published reports. The review showed the defined goal (s) of investigation to constitute a crucial determinant of the choice of methods, as most of the available instruments are designed for specific situations or categories of patients. Thus, an unfortunate choice may result in sufficient or erroneous data for the purposes of decision making.
The health status was studied in 223 preschool children from a kindergarten in the town of Shatura, Moscow Region. All the children were divided into groups according to their health status and physical development. The proportion of children unready to go to school was 32.2%.
A health environment screening procedure has been developed, which is a questionnaire assessing the significance of factors, such as lifestyle, habitat, genetics, public health care, mentality. The developed procedure can ascertain the contribution of each factor to the health of man or a group of individuals, thus defining the factors that may cause diseases, optimize, and individualize the organization of prophylactic care.