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88 records – page 1 of 9.

[A 40-year study of aortic and coronary artery atherosclerosis in male population of Yakutsk]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76239
Source
Arkh Patol. 2006 Jan-Feb;68(1):6-10
Publication Type
Article
Author
O V Voronova
V S Zhdanov
V A Argunov
V P Alekseev
I E Galakhov
D V Iudakov
Source
Arkh Patol. 2006 Jan-Feb;68(1):6-10
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aorta - pathology
Comparative Study
Coronary Arteriosclerosis - epidemiology - pathology
English Abstract
Health Transition
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Siberia
Urban Health - trends
Abstract
The trends in development of aortic and coronary atherosclerosis in healthy male population were studied by WHO methods in three trials: in 1963-1965, 1985-1987, 2001-2003. It was found that atherosclerosis and coronary arteries stenosis were less frequent in the native population of Yakutia than in migrants.
PubMed ID
16544527 View in PubMed
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Access to care for seniors -- dental concerns.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192958
Source
J Can Dent Assoc. 2001 Oct;67(9):504-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2001
Author
M F Marvin
Author Affiliation
Geriatric Dental Program for the North Bay and District Dental Society.
Source
J Can Dent Assoc. 2001 Oct;67(9):504-6
Date
Oct-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Attitude of Health Personnel
British Columbia
Canada
Dental Care for Aged - economics - psychology - utilization
Financing, Government
Health Education, Dental
Health Services Accessibility
Health Transition
Humans
Ontario
Societies, Dental
PubMed ID
11597341 View in PubMed
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[Actual problems of social gerontology at the present stage of development of Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature289727
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2016; 29(2):379-386
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
2016
Author
A S Bashkireva
S V Vyulegzhanin
E Yu Kachan
Author Affiliation
Health Committee of the Leningrad Region, Saint-Petersburg 191030, Russian Federation; angel_darina@mail.ru.
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2016; 29(2):379-386
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Aged
Geriatrics - methods - organization & administration
Health Transition
Humans
Population Dynamics - statistics & numerical data - trends
Public Health - methods - trends
Russia - epidemiology
Social Medicine - methods - organization & administration
Abstract
The basic medico-demographic indices of aging population for Russia were identified in this article. Special attention was given to the examination of the demographic risks of a reduction in the population at the working ages, to an increase in the demographic load on the labor forces. The «Strategy for Action for the elderly persons until 2025», prepared by the Interdepartmental Working Group at the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, was analyzed. The development and implementation of the professional longevity management system is one of the timely and comprehensive solutions to the problem of employment in the elderly. The need for further studies was proven, dedicated to the use of innovative gerontotechnologies in order to prevent the premature workability reduction, retarding of the aging processes, the level of mortality decrease and the professional longevity increase, especially in the elderly.
? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????-??????????????? ???????? ? ??????. ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????, ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????. ??? ?????? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ?? 05.02.2016 ?. ?164-? «????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?? 2025 ????», ??????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????. ?????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????. ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????, ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????????????????, ?????????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????????????? ??????????, ???????? ? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????.
PubMed ID
28514562 View in PubMed
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[Actual problems of social gerontology at the present stage of development of Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature289569
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2016; 29(2):379-386
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
2016
Author
A S Bashkireva
S V Vyulegzhanin
E Yu Kachan
Author Affiliation
Health Committee of the Leningrad Region, Saint-Petersburg 191030, Russian Federation; angel_darina@mail.ru.
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2016; 29(2):379-386
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Aged
Geriatrics - methods - organization & administration
Health Transition
Humans
Population Dynamics - statistics & numerical data - trends
Public Health - methods - trends
Russia - epidemiology
Social Medicine - methods - organization & administration
Abstract
The basic medico-demographic indices of aging population for Russia were identified in this article. Special attention was given to the examination of the demographic risks of a reduction in the population at the working ages, to an increase in the demographic load on the labor forces. The «Strategy for Action for the elderly persons until 2025», prepared by the Interdepartmental Working Group at the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, was analyzed. The development and implementation of the professional longevity management system is one of the timely and comprehensive solutions to the problem of employment in the elderly. The need for further studies was proven, dedicated to the use of innovative gerontotechnologies in order to prevent the premature workability reduction, retarding of the aging processes, the level of mortality decrease and the professional longevity increase, especially in the elderly.
? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????-??????????????? ???????? ? ??????. ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????, ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????. ??? ?????? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ?? 05.02.2016 ?. ?164-? «????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?? 2025 ????», ??????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????. ?????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????. ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????, ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????????????????, ?????????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????????????? ??????????, ???????? ? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????.
PubMed ID
28514562 View in PubMed
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Anterior space relations and lower incisor alignment in 9-year-old children born in the 1960s and 1980s.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature32335
Source
Angle Orthod. 2001 Feb;71(1):36-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2001
Author
R. Lindsten
B. Ogaard
E. Larsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Orthodontics, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden. rune.lindsten@odont.ltjkpg.se
Source
Angle Orthod. 2001 Feb;71(1):36-43
Date
Feb-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Analysis of Variance
Child
Cohort Studies
Cuspid - surgery
Dental Arch - anatomy & histology - growth & development
Female
Health Transition
Humans
Incisor - physiopathology
Male
Malocclusion - epidemiology - etiology
Maxillofacial Development
Norway - epidemiology
Odontometry
Reference Values
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sweden - epidemiology
Tooth Extraction - adverse effects
Tooth, Deciduous - surgery
Abstract
The anterior arch spaces and the effect of early loss of deciduous canines have been studied in 2 different cohorts of 9-year-old children. One group of 119 children was from Norway and consisted of 56 girls and 63 boys, and 1 group of 133 children was from Sweden and consisted of 72 girls and 61 boys. Within these cohorts, half of the children were born in the 1960s and half in the 1980s. The 1960s group has been compared with the 1980s group to look for anterior arch changes occurring during this period of time. The children who had lost a lost deciduous canine at the age of 9 years were also compared with the children with all deciduous canines remaining. Groups were compared with analysis of variance. It was found that children with a lost deciduous canine at the age of 9 years belong to a group with less available arch space and are a crowded group when compared with an earlier study. For the girls, this was also associated with larger teeth. Anterior arch space did not differ between the 1960s and the 1980s groups except for the Swedish boys, where there was less available mandibular arch space in the 1980s group. The irregularity index for the 4 mandibular incisors was increased in the 1980s group compared with the 1960s group. This could indicate a secular trend toward an increased prevalence of malocclusion in the present population.
Notes
Erratum In: Angle Orthod 2001 Apr;71(2):156
PubMed ID
11211296 View in PubMed
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Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2004;Suppl 1:13-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Steven McNabb
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2004;Suppl 1:13-8
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska - epidemiology
Anthropology, Cultural
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Health Surveys
Health Transition
Humans
Interprofessional Relations
Inuits - statistics & numerical data
Research - organization & administration
Research Design
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
This paper is a posthumous publication of a Steven McNabb's presentation to the 1993 annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association. In it he described how the Social Transitions in the North research project involved explicit cross-cultural contact or participation at three levels: between scientists and public agencies; between scientists and study populations; and between research teams themselves. He explored a few of the entanglements and opportunities that arise in those interactions. Dr. McNabb urged northern researchers to avoid embracing rigid standards, for they will result in more entanglements and fewer opportunities. On the otherhand, if researchers are open-minded, they will be able to treat each dilemma as an opportunity that will make for better science.
PubMed ID
15508461 View in PubMed
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Are Food Advertisements Promoting More Unhealthy Foods and Beverages over Time? Evidence from Three Swedish Food Magazines, 1995-2014.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279943
Source
Ecol Food Nutr. 2017 Jan-Feb;56(1):45-61
Publication Type
Article
Author
Andreas Håkansson
Source
Ecol Food Nutr. 2017 Jan-Feb;56(1):45-61
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Advertising as Topic - trends
Alcoholic Beverages - adverse effects - economics
Beverages - adverse effects - economics
Bread - adverse effects - economics
Consumer Behavior - economics
Dairy Products - adverse effects - economics
Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted - economics - ethnology
Food - adverse effects - economics
Food Preferences - ethnology
Fruit and Vegetable Juices - adverse effects - economics
Health Promotion - economics - trends
Health Transition
Healthy Diet - economics - trends
Humans
Nutritive Value
Periodicals as Topic - economics
Sweden
Abstract
Unhealthy food in advertising has been suggested as a mediator for the increase in diet-related illness. This study quantitatively investigates changes in food advertising between 1995 and 2014 in terms of food categories promoted, macronutrient content, and percentage of foods classified as heathy or unhealthy from a sample of 7,199 ads from three Swedish food magazines. With the exception of increased alcoholic beverage and decreased carbohydrate-rich-food promotion, no monotonic trends of increasingly unhealthy food advertisement are found. From these findings, it is argued that food magazine advertising is not a mediator of the adverse dietary trend.
PubMed ID
27880047 View in PubMed
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Are recent cohorts healthier than their predecessors?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198018
Source
Health Rep. 2000;11(4):9-23 (Eng); 9-26 (Fre)
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
J. Chen
W J Millar
Author Affiliation
Health Statistics Division at Statistics Canada, Ottawa. chenjia@statcan.ca
Source
Health Rep. 2000;11(4):9-23 (Eng); 9-26 (Fre)
Date
2000
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Canada - epidemiology
Cardiovascular Diseases - mortality
Cohort Studies
Female
Health Behavior
Health status
Health Transition
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Abstract
This article examines changes in the health status of Canadian adults between 1978/79 and 1996/97.
Data are from the the Canadian Vital Statistics Data Base, the 1991 General Social Survey, the 1978/79 Canada Health Survey (CHS), and the 1996/97 National Population Health Survey (NPHS).
Age-specific mortality rates are presented for 1978 and 1996. The cumulative incidence of heart disease is shown for 1991. Cross-sectional comparisons of prevalence rates for selected chronic conditions, activity limitation, disability days, smoking and overweight are shown for 1978/79 and 1996/97. Multiple logistic regression models were used to test differences in odds ratios for the chronic conditions and for activity limitation between the CHS and the NPHS. SUDAAN, which accounts for the complex survey design, was used to estimate standard errors of the prevalence and of the coefficients in the logistic model.
Lower mortality rates and lower prevalence of heart disease, high blood pressure, arthritis and activity limitation suggest that recent cohorts are healthier than previous cohorts. When the age effect was controlled along with education and income, the odds of having these conditions were generally lower for each successive cohort, and lower in the mid-1990s than in the late 1970s. However, the odds of having diabetes were higher in 1996/97 than in 1978/79, and higher among more recent cohorts than among earlier cohorts.
PubMed ID
10879327 View in PubMed
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Blood pressure levels but not hypertensive complications have increased in Type 1 diabetes pregnancies during 1989-2010.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114036
Source
Diabet Med. 2013 Sep;30(9):1087-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2013
Author
M M Klemetti
K. Teramo
M. Nuutila
M. Tikkanen
V. Hiilesmaa
H. Laivuori
Author Affiliation
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Diabet Med. 2013 Sep;30(9):1087-93
Date
Sep-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Body mass index
Cohort Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 - complications - epidemiology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Health Transition
Hospitals, University
Hospitals, Urban
Humans
Hypertension - complications - epidemiology - prevention & control
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced - epidemiology - prevention & control
Middle Aged
Obesity - complications - epidemiology
Overweight - complications - epidemiology
Pre-Eclampsia - epidemiology - prevention & control
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular - epidemiology
Pregnancy in Diabetics - epidemiology
Prehypertension - complications - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
The pre-pregnancy BMI and the third trimester HbA(1c) levels increased in Finnish parturients with Type 1 diabetes during 1989-2008. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether these trends have been accompanied by increases in blood pressure or hypertensive complications. Hypertension trends were analysed using the definitions of hypertension of both the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Diabetes Association. The associations of hypertension, as defined by the latter criteria, with perinatal complications were also studied.
The records of a cohort of 1007 consecutive patients with Type 1 diabetes with a singleton live childbirth during 1989-2010 at the Helsinki University Central Hospital were studied.
The frequencies of hypertensive pregnancy complications did not change, but the mean diastolic blood pressure increased in normotensive parturients in all trimesters. The proportion of patients with systolic blood pressure > 130 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 80 mmHg in the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy increased from 25 to 33%, from 26 to 35% and from 57 to 71%, respectively. Systolic blood pressure of 131-139 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure of 81-89 mmHg in the third trimester was associated with umbilical artery pH
PubMed ID
23659525 View in PubMed
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Source
Vopr Onkol. 2004;50(2):127-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
N P Napalkov
Source
Vopr Onkol. 2004;50(2):127-44
Date
2004
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Distribution
Age Factors
Cause of Death
Female
Health Transition
Humans
Incidence
Life expectancy
Male
Neoplasms - epidemiology - mortality
Population Growth
Prevalence
Registries
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Sex Factors
World Health
Abstract
Two phenomena, one of which relates to the area of human reproduction and the other to the frequency, distribution, and control of disease in a population have emerged in the previous century and continue intensively to develop nowadays. Both these phenomena are directly related to the changes which are occurring in the incidence and prevalence of malignant tumours, as well as to mortality from them and to the opportunities for cancer control. The first of these phenomena has been denominated as the demographic, and the second as the epidemiological transition. The commonly accepted definition of the demographic transition is currently applied to designate a sustainable change in the type of population reproduction, when an initial and abrupt acceleration of population growth is replaced by its rapid deceleration with a subsequent stabilization of a population and a sharp change in its age structure. Demographic transition develops in a brief historical space of time and has the character of a global process. Population ageing and disequilibrium between the younger and older generations are the most important consequences of the demographic transition, and must inevitably influence the strategy and implementation of national cancer control programs. As life expectancy increases, so does the certainty that people will become more and more prone to diseases that are more common among older age groups, i.e. noncommunicable diseases and cancer in particular, rather than being affected by epidemics of infectious diseases. This situation is known as the epidemiological transition and reflects spectacular shifts in the pattern and causes of death and morbidity that have taken place in the vast majority of countries over the previous century. Epidemiological transition results in accession by poor countries to the problems of the rich, and leads to the "double burden" of disease in countries whose economies are undergoing transition, because of the still continuing burden of endemic infectious diseases. Russia is entering the final stages both of the demographic and the epidemiological transition, a period when numerous reasons, increasing demands on the systems of social protection and public health are inevitable. During the years 1992 to 2001, cancer incidence increased from 271.8 up to 313.9 per 100,000 population, i.e. a growth of over 16% and an annual rate of growth of 1.7%. According to the global estimates provided by the International Agency for Research on Cancer the number of new cancer cases in the year 2000 exceeded 10 million, and the number of deaths from cancer reached 6.2 million. The annual growth rate of global cancer incidence during the last 25-30 years was higher than the global population growth rate. Analysis of data available from population based cancer registries in Russia and abroad confirms the conclusion that cancer is mainly the fate of people belonging to the older age groups. Given the levels of exposure to specific carcinogens and genetic predisposition factors, the incidence of cancer should be considered as an exponential function of age. The unfeasibility of attempts to change, in the foreseeable future, the rate and trend of demographic transition and demographic ageing, in particular, is obvious. It would therefore be more feasible to envisage their probable consequences and to adapt the limited resources of national health and social support services to the needs of cancer control, which will significantly increase in the near future.
PubMed ID
15176213 View in PubMed
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88 records – page 1 of 9.