Skip header and navigation

1 records – page 1 of 1.

[Trends of infant and child mortality in the Russian Federation in the period of 1990-2012].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263908
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2014;(11-12):31-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
A A Baranov
L S Namazova-Baranova
V Yu Albitsky
R N Terletskaya
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2014;(11-12):31-8
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cause of Death
Child
Child Mortality - trends
Child Welfare
Delivery of Health Care - standards - trends
Health Policy
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality - trends
Infant Welfare
Organizational Innovation
Policy Making
Quality Improvement
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Dynamics and causes of infant and child mortality in the Russian Federation in post-Soviet period (1990-2012) under conditions of demographic policy implementation and healthcare system reforming are presented.
Federal State Statistics Service's official statistics data (1990-2012) had been analyzed. The data was compared with similar rates of European Union countries.
It's been revealed that infant mortality decreased (more than in 2 times) (from 17.4 per thousand to 8.6 per thousand) through all its level indicators (early neonatal, neonatal, post-neonatal mortality) and due to almost all basic reasons (perinatal disorders, infectious diseases, respiratory diseases, congenital anomalies, accidents). Infant mortality rate in rural areas is higher (10.1 per thousand and 8.1 per thousand), however, the gap between rates in rural regions and in cities is decreasing. In Russian Federation the infant mortality has regional distinctions, thus Siberian and Far Eastern regions are the least advantaged areas. Mortality of children under 5y.o. is declining (from 21.3 per thousand to 10.6 per thousand), but its rate is still higher than in European Union countries (3.5 per thousand). External factors occupy the top position as a death cause of infants and toddlers; the number of clinical cases with a diagnosis of malignant neoplasm increases.
Thus, improving of the system of motherhood and childhood protection in the Russian Federation has resulted in significant reduction of infant and child mortality rate.
PubMed ID
25971124 View in PubMed
Less detail