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Community and individual considerations in legislation and test policy regarding HIV-infection in the Nordic countries--a cross national comparative study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8524
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1989;29(4):577-84
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Author
A. Krasnik
J. Bjoerner
B W Christensen
Author Affiliation
Institute of Social Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Panum Institute, Denmark.
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1989;29(4):577-84
Date
1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - diagnosis - prevention & control
Comparative Study
Confidentiality
Health Policy
Humans
Iceland
Internationality
Legislation, Medical
Mass Screening
Pregnant Women
Registries
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Scandinavia
Voluntary Programs
Abstract
The purpose of the study is to facilitate international co-operation and national development on AIDS-policy by describing and comparing the programmes on the control of AIDS in the five Nordic countries. This article is focusing especially on community and individual considerations in legislation and test policy regarding HIV-infection in relation to general testing, testing of special groups, registration, voluntariness and confidentiality. The data were collected in the period of April-December 1987 by a review of existing documental material, mailed questionnaires to key persons in the health agencies in each country and personal interviews with 60 representatives of relevant organisations and institutions. The analysis of the data demonstrate that all the Nordic countries are seeking compromises which try to satisfy individual as well as community needs, although with different weight attached to the elements involved. Compared with international recommendations, national AIDS-policies in the Nordic countries in some instances do not fully respect voluntariness and confidentiality. It is concluded that AIDS-policy should be studied in the context of national traditions concerning general health policy, individual rights and community protection.
PubMed ID
2756441 View in PubMed
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Health care research: what is it about?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature231976
Source
Qual Assur Health Care. 1989;1(4):249-57
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Author
A. Liberati
E. Chatziandreou
O S Miettinen
Author Affiliation
Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy.
Source
Qual Assur Health Care. 1989;1(4):249-57
Date
1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Goals
Health Policy
Health Services Research - methods
Humans
Research Design - standards
United States
Abstract
Interest in research on health care has become quite substantial, in part as a result of the recent emergence of public-policy concern for quality assurance and cost-containment. Yet, the essence of this novel line of research has remained, regrettably, a matter of confusion. In particular, the distinction between health care research on one side and health research on the other is being missed in some eminent writings. We emphasize that, properly, the former is to be viewed as having health care, rather than health, as its object, and as being largely descriptive fact-finding about the nature and occurrence of various processes of health care. In these terms it serves policy and administrative decisions in the context of whatever knowledge is available from health research--as to the health consequences of such processes of care. Health research (applied), in turn, addresses the nature and occurrence of phenomena of health (their frequency)--in relation to type of health care, inter alia. Using the example of the North Karelia project, we illustrate the negative consequences of including under health care research inquiries into the premises of health care--notably studies on the effects of care on health outcome.
PubMed ID
2490970 View in PubMed
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