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Community and individual considerations in legislation and test policy regarding HIV-infection in the Nordic countries--a cross national comparative study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8524
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1989;29(4):577-84
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Author
A. Krasnik
J. Bjoerner
B W Christensen
Author Affiliation
Institute of Social Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Panum Institute, Denmark.
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1989;29(4):577-84
Date
1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - diagnosis - prevention & control
Comparative Study
Confidentiality
Health Policy
Humans
Iceland
Internationality
Legislation, Medical
Mass Screening
Pregnant Women
Registries
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Scandinavia
Voluntary Programs
Abstract
The purpose of the study is to facilitate international co-operation and national development on AIDS-policy by describing and comparing the programmes on the control of AIDS in the five Nordic countries. This article is focusing especially on community and individual considerations in legislation and test policy regarding HIV-infection in relation to general testing, testing of special groups, registration, voluntariness and confidentiality. The data were collected in the period of April-December 1987 by a review of existing documental material, mailed questionnaires to key persons in the health agencies in each country and personal interviews with 60 representatives of relevant organisations and institutions. The analysis of the data demonstrate that all the Nordic countries are seeking compromises which try to satisfy individual as well as community needs, although with different weight attached to the elements involved. Compared with international recommendations, national AIDS-policies in the Nordic countries in some instances do not fully respect voluntariness and confidentiality. It is concluded that AIDS-policy should be studied in the context of national traditions concerning general health policy, individual rights and community protection.
PubMed ID
2756441 View in PubMed
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Invisible hand or fatherly hand? Problems of paternalism in the New Perspective on health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242354
Source
J Health Polit Policy Law. 1983;7(4):784-807
Publication Type
Article
Date
1983
Author
A. Weale
Source
J Health Polit Policy Law. 1983;7(4):784-807
Date
1983
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Consumer Participation - trends
Economics
Government
Government Regulation
Great Britain
Health Policy
Humans
Information Dissemination
Intention
Legislation as Topic
Paternalism
Personal Autonomy
Philosophy
Policy Making
Social Control, Formal
Social Justice
Abstract
This article examines the charge that the "New Perspective" on health (as exemplified by the Lalonde Report in Canada, by Prevention and Health in the United Kingdom) represents an abandonment of liberal principles in favor of a collectivist and paternalistic role for the state. It looks first at the problems confronting modern health policy, and at the reasoning behind the New Perspective's approach. It then explores whether and how the charge of paternalism applies to that approach, and just what such a charge implies. The article concludes with a discussion of the "liberal paternalist" viewpoint towards health policy, a viewpoint that combines respect for individual liberty with an interest in taking effective public action to improve the health status of modern populations.
PubMed ID
6841937 View in PubMed
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