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635 records – page 1 of 64.

75% success rate after open debridement, exchange of tibial insert, and antibiotics in knee prosthetic joint infections.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature267766
Source
Acta Orthop. 2015;86(4):457-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Anna Holmberg
Valdís Gudrún Thórhallsdóttir
Otto Robertsson
Annette W-Dahl
Anna Stefánsdóttir
Source
Acta Orthop. 2015;86(4):457-62
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee - methods
Debridement - methods
Drug Therapy, Combination
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Knee Prosthesis - microbiology
Male
Middle Aged
Prosthesis-Related Infections - therapy
Registries
Reoperation
Retrospective Studies
Rifampin - therapeutic use
Staphylococcus aureus - isolation & purification
Sweden
Tibia - surgery
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Wound Healing
Abstract
Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a leading cause of early revision after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Open debridement with exchange of tibial insert allows treatment of infection with retention of fixed components. We investigated the success rate of this procedure in the treatment of knee PJIs in a nationwide material, and determined whether the results were affected by microbiology, antibiotic treatment, or timing of debridement.
145 primary TKAs revised for the first time, due to infection, with debridement and exchange of the tibial insert were identified in the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register (SKAR). Staphylococcus aureus was the most common pathogen (37%) followed by coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) (23%). Failure was defined as death before the end of antibiotic treatment, revision of major components due to infection, life-long antibiotic treatment, or chronic infection.
The overall healing rate was 75%. The type of infecting pathogen did not statistically significantly affect outcome. Staphylococcal infections treated without a combination of antibiotics including rifampin had a higher failure rate than those treated with rifampin (RR = 4, 95% CI: 2-10). In the 16 cases with more than 3 weeks of symptoms before treatment, the healing rate was 62%, as compared to 77% in the other cases (p = 0.2). The few patients with a revision model of prosthesis at primary operation had a high failure rate (5 of 8).
Good results can be achieved by open debridement with exchange of tibial insert. It is important to use an antibiotic combination including rifampin in staphylococcal infections.
Notes
Cites: Acta Orthop. 2013 Dec;84(6):509-1624171687
Cites: Infection. 2013 Apr;41(2):431-722987291
Cites: Acta Orthop. 2013 Aug;84(4):380-623848215
Cites: J Arthroplasty. 2013 Sep;28(8 Suppl):120-123886410
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Nov;471(11):3672-823904245
Cites: Infection. 2003 Mar;31(2):99-10812682815
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2003 Nov;(416):129-3414646751
Cites: N Engl J Med. 2004 Oct 14;351(16):1645-5415483283
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1981 Jan-Feb;(154):201-77009009
Cites: J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1993 Feb;75(2):282-98423191
Cites: J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1993 Dec;75(12):1844-528258558
Cites: JAMA. 1998 May 20;279(19):1537-419605897
Cites: Am J Med. 2006 Nov;119(11):993.e7-1017071171
Cites: J Antimicrob Chemother. 2009 Jun;63(6):1264-7119336454
Cites: J Arthroplasty. 2010 Oct;25(7):1022-720378306
Cites: Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Mar;17(3):439-4420412187
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Apr;469(4):970-620544317
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Apr;469(4):961-921080127
Cites: Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Jun;17(6):862-720825437
Cites: J Arthroplasty. 2011 Sep;26(6 Suppl):114-821621955
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Nov;469(11):2992-421938532
Cites: Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012 Dec;18(12):1176-8423046277
Cites: Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Jan;56(1):1-1023230301
Cites: Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Jan;56(2):182-9422942204
Cites: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Jan;471(1):250-722552768
Cites: Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013 Jan;57(1):350-523114758
PubMed ID
25753311 View in PubMed
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Aboriginal spirituality: symbolic healing in Canadian prisons.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature220386
Source
Cult Med Psychiatry. 1993 Sep;17(3):345-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1993
Author
J B Waldram
Author Affiliation
Department of Native Studies, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
Source
Cult Med Psychiatry. 1993 Sep;17(3):345-62
Date
Sep-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
American Native Continental Ancestry Group - psychology
Canada
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Culture
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Healing - psychology
Mental health
Prisoners - psychology
Religion and Psychology
Abstract
Symbolic healing is a complex phenomenon that is still relatively poorly understood. This paper documents a process of symbolic healing which is occurring in Canadian penitentiaries, and which involves Aboriginal offenders in cultural awareness and educational programs. The situation is compounded, however, by the existence of offenders from diverse Aboriginal cultural backgrounds with differing degrees of orientation to Aboriginal and Euro-Canadian cultures. Participants must first receive the necessary education to allow them to identify with the healing symbols so that healing may ensue, and both the healers and the patients must engage in a process of redefining their cultures in search of a common cultural base.
PubMed ID
8269714 View in PubMed
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Accountability of anthropologists, indigenous healers and their governments: a plea for reasonable medicine.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature233938
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1988;27(12):1461-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988

Account of a voyage of discovery to the north-east of Siberia, the frozen ocean and the north-east sea.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2189
Source
N. Israel, Amsterdam and Da Capo Press, New York. Bibliotheca Australiana 64. 2 vols. in 1. Reprint of the 1806 edition.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1969
Author
Sarychew, G.A.
Source
N. Israel, Amsterdam and Da Capo Press, New York. Bibliotheca Australiana 64. 2 vols. in 1. Reprint of the 1806 edition.
Date
1969
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Unalaska
Labrets
Tobacco
Shaman
Transvestism
Medicinal plants
Epistaxis
Diet, traditional
Traditional healing
Housing
Sanitation
Notes
Alaska Medical Library - From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 383.
UAA/APU Consortium, Alaskana Collection DK754 S242
Less detail

Account of the Russian discoveries between Asia and America. To which are added, the conquest of Siberia, and the history of the transactions and commerce between Russia and China.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature587
Source
3d ed., revised and corrected. T. Cadell, London. 454 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1787
Author
Coxe, W.
Source
3d ed., revised and corrected. T. Cadell, London. 454 pp.
Date
1787
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Other
Keywords
Kodiak
Traditional healing
Starvation
Snuff
Pediculosis
Traditional surgery
Diet, traditional
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 593.
Loussac AK RARE 910.09 COXE
Less detail
Source
Revised. Original reference in Alaska's health, a survey report. The Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 1954. 30 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1963
Author
Lantis, M.
Author Affiliation
U.S. Indian Health Service
Source
Revised. Original reference in Alaska's health, a survey report. The Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 1954. 30 pp.
Date
1963
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Multi-National
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Acculturation
Traditional healing
Diet, traditional
Epidemics
Housing
Shaman
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 932.
From: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 78.
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Accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of leg ulcers reduce prevalence, care time and costs.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81702
Source
J Wound Care. 2006 Jun;15(6):259-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2006
Author
Oien R F
Ragnarson Tennvall G.
Author Affiliation
Blekinge Wound Healing Centre, Lyckeby, Sweden. rut.oien@ltblekinge.se
Source
J Wound Care. 2006 Jun;15(6):259-62
Date
Jun-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Bandages
Community Health Nursing - economics - education
Cost Control
Cost of Illness
Education, Nursing, Continuing
Female
Humans
Leg Ulcer - diagnosis - economics - epidemiology - nursing
Male
Nursing Administration Research
Nursing Assessment
Nursing Staff - economics - education - psychology
Population Surveillance
Practice Guidelines
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Skin Care - economics - nursing
Sweden - epidemiology
Time and Motion Studies
Workload - economics
Wound Healing
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: This long-term follow-up recorded the prevalence, aetiology and treatment of hard-to-heal leg and foot ulcers, and an estimated nurses' time spent providing care, for the years 1994-2005. METHOD: A questionnaire was sent to all district and community nurses in the county of Blekinge, Sweden, during one week in 1994, 1998, 2004 and 2005. Calculating the costs of hard-to-heal leg and foot ulcer care was not a primary aim, but the reduction in prevalence and time spent on wound management suggested it was important to illustrate the economic consequences of these changes over time. RESULTS: Estimated prevalence of hard-to-heal leg and foot ulcers reduced from 0.22% in 1994 to 0.15% in 2005. Treatment time decreased from 1.7 hours per patient per week in 1994 to 1.3 hours in 2005. Annual costs of leg and foot ulcer care reduced by SEK 6.96 million in the study area from 1994 to 2005. CONCLUSION: Improved wound management was demonstrated; leg and foot ulcer prevalence and treatment time were reduced. The results could be attributed to an increased interest in leg and foot ulcer care among staff, which was maintained by repeated questionnaires, continuous education, establishment of a wound healing centre in primary care and wound management recommendations from a multidisciplinary group. The improved ulcer care reduced considerably the annual costs of wound management in the area.
PubMed ID
16802562 View in PubMed
Less detail

Across arctic America; narrative of the Fifth Thule Expedition.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2015
Source
G.P. Putnam's sons, New York. 388 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1927
Author
Rasmussen, K.
Source
G.P. Putnam's sons, New York. 388 pp.
Date
1927
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Canada
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
University of Alaska Anchorage
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Keywords
Trauma
Cannibalism
Suicide
Starvation
Shaman
Hypothermia
Shamanic healing
Taboos
Childbirth
Amulets
Charm
Tattoos
Blindness
Homicide
Personal hygiene
Stature
Infanticide
Fertility
Health services
Hospitals
Notes
Alaska Medical Library - From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 377.
UAA/APU Consortium, Alaskana Collection G670 1921 .R35 1927, G670 1921 .R2132 [1969 edition], G700 1921 .R3813 1999 [1999 edition]
UAF - Rasmuson Library G670 1921.R35 ALASKA, G700 1921.R3813 1999 ALASKA [1999 edition].
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Adoption practices among the Eskimos on Southampton Island.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2447
Source
Canadian Welfare. 29:32-37.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1953
Author
Teicher, M.I.
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto
Source
Canadian Welfare. 29:32-37.
Date
1953
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Coral Harbour
Diet, traditional
Traditional healing
Health status
Child care
Child adoption
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 942.
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Adverse effects of smoking on peak bone mass may be attenuated by higher body mass index in young female smokers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107461
Source
Calcif Tissue Int. 2013 Dec;93(6):517-25
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2013
Author
Mattias Callréus
Fiona McGuigan
Kristina Akesson
Author Affiliation
Clinical and Molecular Osteoporosis Research Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Source
Calcif Tissue Int. 2013 Dec;93(6):517-25
Date
Dec-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Body mass index
Bone Density
Bone and Bones - pathology
Cohort Studies
Female
Femur Neck - pathology
Fracture Healing
Fractures, Bone
Humans
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk
Smoking - adverse effects
Smoking Cessation
Sweden
Abstract
Smoking is associated with postmenopausal bone loss and fracture, but the effect of smoking on bone in younger women is unclear. Peak bone mass is an important determinant for fracture risk; therefore, our aim was to evaluate the association between smoking and bone mass in 25-year-old women, specifically the influence of daily cigarette consumption and total exposure, duration, age at starting smoking, and time since smoking cessation on bone density and fracture risk. Smoking and bone mineral density (BMD) data were available for 1,054 women from the PEAK-25 cohort. Analyses comparing current smokers with women who never smoked were performed using number of cigarettes per day, pack-years, smoking duration, age smoking started, and, for former smokers, age at quitting. BMD did not differ between never, former, and current smokers; and the relative fracture risk in smokers was not significant (relative risk [RR] = 1.2, 95 % confidence interval 0.8-1.9). Among current smokers, BMD decreased with a dose response as cigarette consumption increased (femoral neck p = 0.037). BMD was not significantly lower in young women who had smoked for long duration or started smoking early (p = 0.07-0.64); long duration and early start were associated with higher body mass index (BMI; p = 0.038). Lower BMD persisted up to 24 months after smoking cessation (p = 0.027-0.050), becoming comparable to never-smokers after 24 months. Hip BMD was negatively associated with smoking and dose-dependent on cigarette consumption. Smoking duration was not associated with BMD, although young women with a long smoking history had higher BMI, which might attenuate the adverse effects from smoking.
PubMed ID
24005807 View in PubMed
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635 records – page 1 of 64.