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3D simulation as a tool for improving the safety culture during remediation work at Andreeva Bay.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265458
Source
J Radiol Prot. 2014 Dec;34(4):755-73
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2014
Author
K. Chizhov
M K Sneve
I. Szoke
I. Mazur
N K Mark
I. Kudrin
N. Shandala
A. Simakov
G M Smith
A. Krasnoschekov
A. Kosnikov
I. Kemsky
V. Kryuchkov
Source
J Radiol Prot. 2014 Dec;34(4):755-73
Date
Dec-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Decontamination - methods
Hazardous Waste Sites
Imaging, Three-Dimensional - methods
Models, organizational
Norway
Organizational Culture
Radiation Monitoring - methods
Radiation Protection - methods
Radioactive Waste - prevention & control
Russia
Safety Management - organization & administration
Abstract
Andreeva Bay in northwest Russia hosts one of the former coastal technical bases of the Northern Fleet. Currently, this base is designated as the Andreeva Bay branch of Northwest Center for Radioactive Waste Management (SevRAO) and is a site of temporary storage (STS) for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and other radiological waste generated during the operation and decommissioning of nuclear submarines and ships. According to an integrated expert evaluation, this site is the most dangerous nuclear facility in northwest Russia. Environmental rehabilitation of the site is currently in progress and is supported by strong international collaboration. This paper describes how the optimization principle (ALARA) has been adopted during the planning of remediation work at the Andreeva Bay STS and how Russian-Norwegian collaboration greatly contributed to ensuring the development and maintenance of a high level safety culture during this process. More specifically, this paper describes how integration of a system, specifically designed for improving the radiological safety of workers during the remediation work at Andreeva Bay, was developed in Russia. It also outlines the 3D radiological simulation and virtual reality based systems developed in Norway that have greatly facilitated effective implementation of the ALARA principle, through supporting radiological characterisation, work planning and optimization, decision making, communication between teams and with the authorities and training of field operators.
PubMed ID
25254659 View in PubMed
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A follow-up of cancer incidence among former Finnish dump site residents: 1999-2011.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature273413
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health. 2014 Oct;20(4):313-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2014
Author
Eero Pukkala
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health. 2014 Oct;20(4):313-7
Date
Oct-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Hazardous Waste Sites
Humans
Incidence
Male
Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Registries
Risk factors
Time Factors
Abstract
In an analysis of the years 1976-1998, a 50% excess in cancer incidence was observed among residents in twelve blockhouses in Helsinki, Finland on a former dump area containing industrial and household waste.
To assess cancer risk over a 13-year period 1999-2011 among residents formerly living in houses built on a dump area.
All 1879 persons who ever lived in the former dump area were identified and the number of cancer cases in this population was obtained from the Finnish Cancer Registry.
After 5 years of residence at the dump site, the standardized incidence ratio of cancer (all sites combined) was 1·32 (95% CI: 0·94-1·79) in men and 0·53 (95% CI: 0·33-0·82) for women, in comparison with the general Helsinki population (1999-2011). No significant excess cancer risks were found.
Residing on a former dump area was not found to result in an increased risk of cancer.
Notes
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PubMed ID
25224807 View in PubMed
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[Life quality parameters in prenosologic evaluation of health state in residents of protective measures area near objects of storage and destruction of chemical weapons].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature260375
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2014;(8):43-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
V L Filippov
E N Nechaeva
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2014;(8):43-7
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Asymptomatic Diseases - epidemiology - psychology
Chemical Warfare Agents - adverse effects
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - prevention & control
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - etiology - psychology
Female
Hazardous Waste Sites
Humans
Male
Population Surveillance
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Residence Characteristics
Russia - epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
The article presents results of life quality assessment and subjective evaluation data on health state, used for prenosologic evaluation of health state in residents of protective measures area near objects of storage and destruction of chemical weapons. Considering specific features of residence near potentially dangerous objects, the authors conducted qualitative evaluation of satisfaction with various life facets, with taking into account the objects specificity, established correlation between life quality and self-evaluation of health with factors influencing public health state.
PubMed ID
25549460 View in PubMed
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Performance of the CalTOX fate and exposure model in a case study for a dioxin-contaminated site.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265405
Source
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015 Jun;22(11):8719-27
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2015
Author
Annika Åberg
Matthew MacLeod
Karin Wiberg
Source
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015 Jun;22(11):8719-27
Date
Jun-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Benzofurans - analysis
Cattle
Daucus carota - chemistry
Eggs - analysis
Environmental Exposure - analysis
Food contamination - analysis
Hazardous Waste Sites
Humans
Meat - analysis
Milk - chemistry
Models, Theoretical
Poaceae - chemistry
Risk assessment
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Solanum tuberosum - chemistry
Sweden
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin - analogs & derivatives - analysis
Abstract
Soil with high levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) is found at contaminated sites all over the world. Transfer of PCDD/Fs from contaminated soil to the food chain could lead to elevated human exposure. As a complement to available monitoring data, multimedia fate and exposure modeling can be applied to support risk assessment of sites with PCDD/F contaminated soil. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the CalTOX fate and exposure model for 2,3,7,8-substituted PCDD/Fs against measured concentrations in air, soil, grass, carrots, potatoes, milk, meat, and eggs from a contaminated site in northern Sweden. The calculated total toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentrations agree with measurements within a factor of 10 for all exposure media but one. Results for individual congeners demonstrated that the model did not always perform well at describing key processes that mobilize PCDD/Fs out of soils, such as transfer into root crops and ingestion of soil by chickens. Uncertainty in only a small subset of input parameters affects the model output. Improved information and models describing transfer of soil particles onto leafy vegetation by rain splash and biotransfer factors for PCDD/Fs to milk, meat, and eggs are particular research needs to reduce uncertainties in model-based assessments.
PubMed ID
25572268 View in PubMed
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[RADIATION HYGIENIC MONITORING AT THE AREA OF THE LOCATION OF THE FAR EASTERN CENTER FOR RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT (FEC "DALRAO"--BRANCH OF FSUE "ROSRAO")].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268679
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Sep-Oct;94(5):49-52
Publication Type
Article
Author
S M Kiselev
N K Shandala
S V Akhromeev
T I Gimadova
V A Seregin
A V Titov
N G Biryukova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Sep-Oct;94(5):49-52
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Food Contamination, Radioactive - analysis
Hazardous Waste Sites - standards
Hygiene - standards
Radiation Monitoring - methods
Radiation Protection - methods - standards
Radioactive Waste - prevention & control
Radioisotopes - analysis
Russia
Safety Management - organization & administration
Soil Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Water Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Abstract
Intensification ofactivities in the field of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and radioactive waste (RW) management in the Far East region of Russia assumes an increase of the environmental load on the territories adjacent to the enterprise and settlements. To ensure radiation safety during works on SNF and radioactive waste management in the standard mode of operation and during the rehabilitation works in the contaminated territories, there is need for the optimization of the existing system of radiation-hygienic monitoring, aimed at the implementation of complex dynamic observation of parameters of radiation-hygienic situation and radiation amount of the population living in the vicinity of the Far Eastern Center for Radioactive Waste Management (FEC "DALRAO"). To solve this problem there is required a significant amount of total and enough structured information on the character of the formation of the radiation situation, the potential ways of the spread of man-made pollution to the surrounding area, determining the radiation load on the population living in the vicinity of the object. In this paper there are presented the results of field studies of the radiation situation at the plant FEC "DALRAO", which were obtained during the course of expedition trips in 2009-2012.
PubMed ID
26625616 View in PubMed
Less detail

[RADIATION SAFETY DURING REMEDIATION OF THE "SEVRAO" FACILITIES].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268687
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Sep-Oct;94(5):10-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
N K Shandala
S M Kiselev
A V Titov
A V Simakov
V A Seregin
V P Kryuchkov
L S Bogdanova
M I Grachev
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Sep-Oct;94(5):10-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Decontamination - methods
Hazardous Waste Sites
Industrial Waste - prevention & control
Radiation Monitoring - methods
Radiation Protection - methods
Radioactive Waste - prevention & control
Russia
Safety Management - organization & administration
Abstract
Within a framework of national program on elimination of nuclear legacy, State Corporation "Rosatom" is working on rehabilitation at the temporary waste storage facility at Andreeva Bay (Northwest Center for radioactive waste "SEVRAO"--the branch of "RosRAO"), located in the North-West of Russia. In the article there is presented an analysis of the current state of supervision for radiation safety of personnel and population in the context of readiness of the regulator to the implementation of an effective oversight of radiation safety in the process of radiation-hazardous work. Presented in the article results of radiation-hygienic monitoring are an informative indicator of the effectiveness of realized rehabilitation measures and characterize the radiation environment in the surveillance zone as a normal, without the tendency to its deterioration.
PubMed ID
26625607 View in PubMed
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The risk of overestimating the risk-metal leaching to groundwater near contaminated glass waste deposits and exposure via drinking water.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290775
Source
Sci Total Environ. 2016 Oct 01; 566-567:1420-1431
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Oct-01-2016
Author
A Augustsson
T Uddh Söderberg
J Jarsjö
M Åström
B Olofsson
B Balfors
G Destouni
Author Affiliation
Department of Biology and Environmental Science, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden. Electronic address: anna.augustsson@lnu.se.
Source
Sci Total Environ. 2016 Oct 01; 566-567:1420-1431
Date
Oct-01-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Drinking Water - analysis
Environmental Exposure
Environmental monitoring
Glass
Groundwater - analysis
Hazardous Waste Sites
Humans
Metals - analysis
Risk
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Sweden
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Abstract
This study investigates metal contamination patterns and exposure to Sb, As, Ba, Cd and Pb via intake of drinking water in a region in southeastern Sweden where the production of artistic glass has resulted in a large number of contaminated sites. Despite high total concentrations of metals in soil and groundwater at the glassworks sites properties, all drinking water samples from households with private wells, located at a 30-640m distance from a glassworks site, were below drinking water criteria from the WHO for Sb, As, Ba and Cd. A few drinking water samples showed concentrations of Pb above the WHO guideline, but As was the only element found in concentrations that could result in human exposure near toxicological reference values. An efficient retention of metals in the natural soil close to the source areas, which results in a moderate impact on local drinking water, is implied. Firstly, by the lack of significant difference in metal concentrations when comparing households located upstream and downstream of the main waste deposits, and secondly, by the lack of correlation between the metal concentration in drinking water and distance to the nearest glassworks site. However, elevated Pb and Cd concentrations in drinking water around glassworks sites when compared to regional groundwater indicate that diffuse contamination of the soils found outside the glassworks properties, and not only the glass waste landfills, may have a significant impact on groundwater quality. We further demonstrate that different mobilization patterns apply to different metals. Regarding the need to use reliable data to assess drinking water contamination and human exposure, we finally show that the conservative modelling approaches that are frequently used in routine risk assessments may result in exposure estimates many times higher than those based on measured concentrations in the drinking water that is actually being used for consumption.
PubMed ID
27318517 View in PubMed
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7 records – page 1 of 1.