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51 records – page 1 of 6.

[Acute chemical poisoning of humans as a medico-ecological problem].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210154
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1997;(2):1-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
N N Litvinov
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1997;(2):1-7
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adult
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Ecology
Environmental Pollutants - poisoning
Hazardous Substances - poisoning
Humans
International Cooperation
Pesticides - poisoning
Poison Control Centers
Poisoning - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Risk factors
Russia
Abstract
Anthropogenic acute chemical exposures have become an important socioeconomic and environmental factor on the national, regional and global level. They present an actual or potential danger to vital activity and health of large population groups and normal operation of the Biosphere and natural components. Hence a problem of prevention and elimination of acute technogenic exposures hazardous for human health has expanded beyond the medical competence and grown to a major environmental issue.
PubMed ID
9156767 View in PubMed
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An ecological study of industry in a high-risk region of multiple sclerosis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature130644
Source
J Neurol Sci. 2011 Dec 15;311(1-2):50-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-15-2011
Author
Inger Boström
Anne-Marie Landtblom
Klaus Lauer
Author Affiliation
Dept. of Clincal and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuroscience, Linköping, University, Linköping, Sweden. inger.bostrom@kristinehamn.se
Source
J Neurol Sci. 2011 Dec 15;311(1-2):50-7
Date
Dec-15-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Epidemiological Monitoring
Female
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Humans
Industrial Waste - adverse effects
Male
Middle Aged
Multiple Sclerosis - diagnosis - epidemiology - mortality
Prevalence
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
The county of Värmland, Sweden, has shown a high frequency of multiple sclerosis in several investigations. It has been presented in three studies; a period prevalence study in 1925-1934, a mortality study during 1952-1992 and a prevalence investigation in 2002. The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern of industry in this high-risk area for multiple sclerosis. The three investigations were correlated with industry in 1913 and in the 1950s, all analyzed by the Kruskall-Wallis test. Select industries from wood-pulp, paper and iron/mechanical sectors were tested also in whole Sweden. The Spearman rank correlation was used for these data and forestry data in Värmland. In Värmland, industrial data from 1913 revealed that large sawmills were associated with the period prevalence in 1925-1934 and there was a possible correlation with the prevalence for 2002. Wood-pulp factories showed a possible association with the prevalence 1925-1934 and the mortality 1952-1992. Some industries in the 1950s were correlated with the prevalence 2002. Wood and paper industries in Sweden 1913 showed an association with the MS mortality 1952-1992. In summary, data on MS prevalence in Värmland and mortality both in Värmland and all Sweden from the past 100 years suggest an association with wood-related industries in 1913 and in the 1950s, whereas no consistent association was found for other industries.
PubMed ID
21982618 View in PubMed
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[Approaches to evaluation of translocated pollution].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192070
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2001;(11):23-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
O V Mitrokhin
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2001;(11):23-8
Date
2001
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Asthma - epidemiology
Catchment Area (Health)
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Humans
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The authors suggested criteria of translocated pollution: scale, intensity, jeopardy, with consideration of dissemination mechanism--aerodynamic, water migration, terminal. The article covers classification of translocated pollution. Using methodology of risk evaluation, the authors assessed additional morbidity cases due to translocated pollution.
PubMed ID
11768950 View in PubMed
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Are safety data sheets for cleaning products used in Norway a factor contributing to the risk of workers exposure to chemicals?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276438
Source
Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2014 Oct;27(5):840-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2014
Author
Abdulqadir M Suleiman
Kristin V H Svendsen
Source
Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2014 Oct;27(5):840-53
Date
Oct-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Chemical Safety - standards
Hazardous Substances
Household Products - toxicity
Housekeeping
Humans
Material Safety Data Sheets
Norway
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Risk factors
Abstract
Cleaning products are considered less hazardous than those used in other sectors. Suppliers and distributors are less conscientious when it comes to informing users on health risks. The aim of the study was to elaborate on the usefulness and clarity of information in the safety data sheets (SDS) for cleaning products, and considering if the use of these SDSs can be seen as a risk factor towards occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in the sector.
Safety data sheets were selected based on the risk level of the product assigned in an industrial sector scheme. 320 SDSs for cleaning products were reviewed. Constituent components found in the products over a given threshold were listed and available information thereof used to assess the perceived non-hazard consideration of the chemicals.
The contents of the SDSs was generic and mostly incomplete. Safety measures and health information lacked sufficient specificity despite varying compositions and concentrations of components. There is generally incompatibility between mentioned sections on the suggested non-hazardous nature of the products and health effects. Not all substances used in these products have harmonized classifications, which makes them open to various classification of the products and the suggested safety measures. This results in different companies classifying similar products differently. Risk management measures and suggested personal protective equipment (PPEs) are given haphazardly. Physical properties relevant to risk assessment are not included.
The safety data sheets are ambiguous, and they lack relevant and important information. Inadequate information and risk assessment concerning the products can lead to workers being exposed to hazardous chemicals. Underestimation of the hazard contribution of the components of the products and the insufficient, non-objective mention of appropriate control and protective measures are the major contributing elements. There is a need to test the products in order to establish health effects and product specific safety measures.
PubMed ID
25218109 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of human health risk factors in the city of Nizhnekamsk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature185917
Source
Gig Sanit. 2003 Jan-Feb;(1):30-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
A V Ivanov
O A Frolova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2003 Jan-Feb;(1):30-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Catchment Area (Health)
Environmental Exposure - statistics & numerical data
Hazardous Substances
Humans
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Nizhnekamsk is marked not only high by levels of ambient air pollution, but also by the deteriorated qualitative composition of portable water. The present paper gives the results of assessment of the mutagenic activity of tap water. A test system of biological evaluation of portable water is proposed.
PubMed ID
12680094 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of real risk of urban chemical exposure to the population's health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature159621
Source
Gig Sanit. 2007 Nov-Dec;(6):17-20
Publication Type
Article
Author
A G Malysheva
E G Rastiannikov
A A Bezzubov
N Iu Kozlova
I N Lutsevich
E E Kublanov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2007 Nov-Dec;(6):17-20
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Health status
Humans
Public Health
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Russia
Urban Population
Abstract
Improving the chemoanalytical quality control of the urban environment requires transition from the assessment considering only certain things determined by target analyses to the comprehensive assessment based on monitoring with the identification of the maximally complete spectra of substances contained in the environmental objects and coming from the sources of pollution, by using the appropriate algorithm; identification, quantifying a spectrum of pollutants as completely as possible; selection of the leading indices, by evaluating the detected composition of pollutions from the degree of their hygienic significance, by taking into account a set of criteria (detection rate, concentrations, group affiliation, specificity for a nearby source of pollution in the check of drinking water, a capacity for transformation, possible formation of more toxic transformation products); and monitoring through target tests by the chosen leading indices.
PubMed ID
18161183 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of the risk of influence of environmental factors on the population's health under the conditions of a large center of chemical industry].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature159640
Source
Gig Sanit. 2007 Nov-Dec;(6):24-5
Publication Type
Article

[Assessment of the risk of the influence of environmental factors as a constituent of the activities of the state sanitary and epidemiological service].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187130
Source
Gig Sanit. 2002 Nov-Dec;(6):7-11
Publication Type
Article

Can persistent organic pollutants and plastic-associated chemicals cause cardiovascular disease?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature126616
Source
J Intern Med. 2012 Jun;271(6):537-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2012
Author
L. Lind
P M Lind
Author Affiliation
Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. lars.lind@medsci.uu.se
Source
J Intern Med. 2012 Jun;271(6):537-53
Date
Jun-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects
Atherosclerosis - chemically induced
Benzhydryl Compounds
Cardiovascular Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Coronary Disease - chemically induced
Diabetes Complications - chemically induced
Diabetes Mellitus - chemically induced
Dioxins - adverse effects
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects
Epidemiological Monitoring
Evidence-Based Medicine
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Humans
Peripheral Arterial Disease - chemically induced
Pesticides - adverse effects
Phenols - adverse effects
Plastics - adverse effects
Polychlorinated Biphenyls - adverse effects
Risk factors
Stroke - chemically induced
Sweden - epidemiology
World Health
Abstract
During the last decade, associations between persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins and pesticides, and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and overt CV disease (CVD) have been reported in humans. Recently, associations between plastic-associated chemicals (PACs), such as bisphenol A and phthalates, and CVD have also begun to emerge. Several approaches to evaluating such associations have been used: accidents with a high level of exposure, occupational exposure studies, geographical studies of subjects living near a contaminated area and traditional case-control or cohort studies with measurements of circulating levels of different environmental contaminants in the general population. Exposure to POPs has consistently been associated with diabetes using all the approaches described above, including prospective studies. The evidence regarding associations between exposure to POPs and other CV risk factors, such as hypertension, obesity and lipids, is less strong and is mainly based on cross-sectional data. Associations between overt CVD and POPs have been reported using all the above approaches, but prospective data from population-based studies are still lacking to provide firm evidence of an important and independent role of POP exposure in the pathogenesis of CVD. Nevertheless, taken together, current evidence suggests that further longitudinal and experimental studies should be conducted to investigate the effect of exposure to both POPs and PACs, such as bisphenol A and phthalates.
PubMed ID
22372998 View in PubMed
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51 records – page 1 of 6.