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290 records – page 1 of 29.

[Ecological and hygienic condition urbanized area in the geographical center of New Moscow].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264400
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):51-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
N A Bogdanov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;94(1):51-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental pollution - analysis
Hazardous Substances - analysis
Humans
Moscow
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Urbanization
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Abstract
The evaluation of ecological and hygienic condition of the environment was performed by ourselves in the geographical center of New Moscow--in the city of Troitsk. There was made an analysis as the published results of similar assessments in the times of the 1990s, data of Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare concerning the control for soils quality (at a single point of the city) and drinking water for 2010-2011, and the author's materials on the chemical contamination of soils and grounds in July 2013. Local foci of moderately dangerous pollution of soil were found at lots close to the motorway and in the Worsted factory: Zc (SrBaCrVNiCoCuAgZnPbBeMoWB) = 17-20, benzo (a) pyrene to 218 mcg/kg and Zn up to 233.4 mg/kg. At the point of monitoring soils complied with the requirements according to toxicological, microbiological and parasitological characteristics.. In the drinking tap water there was observed, along with the increased total hardness, the presence up to 1.6 MAC of such natural pollutants as F and Li. In the undergrounds potable water the situation is worsening according to the content of Si, As, B, Br, U. There was no monitoring of surface water and air. However, pockets of soil contamination trace the possible occurrence in the air near the ground of hygienically dangerous anomalies of heavy metals and hydrocarbons. Modern ecological and sanitary situation in Troitsk, in general, can be considered to be quite safe if compared to the quality of the environment in industrialized cities. The thing that does cause concern is the quality of drinking water.
PubMed ID
26031042 View in PubMed
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[Environmental pollution by products of wear and tear automobile-road complex].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264432
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):17-21
Publication Type
Article
Author
A V Levanchuk
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):17-21
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - analysis
Automobiles
Dust - analysis
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental pollution - analysis
Hazardous Substances - analysis
Humans
Russia
Vehicle Emissions - analysis
Abstract
North-West State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191015. There is supposed the method for the assessment of amounts of pollutants released into the environment during the operational wear of tyre treads, brake system of cars and the road pavement. There are presented results of chemical analysis of residues of combustion. The necessity of control of products of work wear of automobile-road complex has been substantiated.
PubMed ID
25950039 View in PubMed
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[Ecological-hygienic aspects of the prevalence of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky Krai].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290151
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):749-53
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
P F Kiku
B I Geltser
M V Yarygina
S N Beniowa
T V Gorborukova
V G Moreva
N S Shiter
K M Sabirova
M A Mezentseva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):749-53
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Environmental Illness - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control
Female
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects - analysis
Humans
Inhalation Exposure
Male
Respiratory Tract Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia - epidemiology
School Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
There was executed the ecologic-hygienic assessment of the distribution of respiratory diseases prevalence in bioclimatic zones of the Primorsky Krai. The aim of the study was a systematic assessment of the impact of ecological-hygienic factors of environment on the distribution of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky region. As an information database there were used indices of the prevalence of diseases of the respiratory system of the ICD-10 class of the official statistical report forms for the period of2000-2013 and the parameters of the environment offactor modules (6 - socio-sanitary, 5 - environmental). The numerical values of modules offactors were determined according to a specially developed scoring scale. The study of the prevalence was carried out with the use of a classical method of data analysis - descriptive statistics, Chi-square criteria. By means of the method of regression analysis from the SPSS package software there was established the relationship of environmental factors and the level of the prevalence of diseases, and were calculated values of the factor loadings influencing on the morbidity rate of children and adolescents. The study revealed that in the structure of morbidity diseases of the respiratory system account of 39% in adolescents, 61% - in children. Constructed predictive models describe the trend of the increasing in the prevalence in adolescents and children. Over the past 15 years, the level of respiratory diseases morbidity rate increased by 46.1%. It is established that the prevalence of respiratory diseases in children and adolescents from various districts of the Primorsky territory depends on the features of the bioclimatic zones and the degree of sanitary-hygienic situation, as well as combinations of parameters that form these zones; the highest cumulative level of the prevalence is observed in the bioclimatic zone of the coast, that is caused by the various degree of the impact of biotropic factors of environment; The prevalence of diseases of respiratory system is mainly affected by bioclimatic factors: residence in an area of high humidity, temperature swings, movements of air masses in combination with air pollution.
PubMed ID
29430900 View in PubMed
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[About the formation of legislation in the field of chemical and biological safety of the Russian Federation].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290153
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):717-21
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
E A Boyko
N N Goncharuk
A D Dashitsyrenova
N A Kostenko
O O Sinitsina
M P Shevyreva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):717-21
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Environmental Monitoring - legislation & jurisprudence - methods
Environmental Pollutants - analysis
Hazardous Substances - analysis
Humans
National Health Programs - legislation & jurisprudence
Policy Making
Public Health - legislation & jurisprudence - methods
Russia
Abstract
The realization of the package of measures directed at the consecutive decrease of the negative effect of hazardous chemical and biological factors on the population and environment to the acceptable risk level stipulates the development of standard legal regulation in the field of ensuring the chemical and biological safety. For this purpose article presents substantiation and conceptual approaches to the creation of legislation in the field of the chemical and biological security of the Russian Federation within the pursued state policy. In determination of conceptual approaches, in the article there are reported: the main idea, the purpose, a subject of legal regulation, the circle of people who will be subjected to the laws, the place offuture laws in the system of current legislation, the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal backbone laws of the Russian Federation to realization of which laws are directed, there is given the general characteristic and an assessment of a condition of legal regulation in this field, results of the analysis of the information on the need for correspondence of Russian laws to provision of international treaties, concerning prohibitions of the biological and chemical weapon, safe handling with biological agents and chemicals, and also the development of uniform procedures of ensuring chemical and biological safety. The major aspect in the shaping of the legislation is the global character ofproblems of chemical and biological safety in this connection in article there is indicated the need of rapprochement of rules of law for this area with partners in economic cooperation and integration. Taking into account an orientation of future laws on the decrease in the level of the negative impact of dangerous chemical and biological factors on the population and environment, there are designated medical, social, economic and political consequences of their implementation. There are presented the proposed structure for bills: “About biological safety”, “On Chemical Safety” and “On the National collection of pathogens.
PubMed ID
29430893 View in PubMed
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[Actual problem of methodology and development of evidence-based health risk assessment associated with chemical exposure].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290154
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):711-6
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
S M Novikov
M V Fokin
T N Unguryanu
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):711-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Environmental Exposure - prevention & control - standards
Environmental Pollutants - analysis - standards
Evidence-Based Practice
Hazardous Substances - analysis - standards
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Public Health - methods
Risk Assessment - methods - standards
Russia
Abstract
Paramount problems of the development of the assessment of population health risks associated with the chemical exposure in Russia are considered on the ground of critical analysis of reports devoted to methodological issues of the risk assessment and guidelines published since 2010. Causes of the lack in progress of risk assessment are discussed. The information of executed research revealed the significant retardation number of Russian publications devoted to the evidence-based health risk assessment compare to worldwide trend. The analysis of publications according to evidence-based health risk assessment in Russia in 1998 - 2012 demonstrated methodical problems to be leading to the underestimation of the real risk to population’s health. There are demonstrated directions in the renewal of methodology and practice of hygienic standardization on the basis of the risk assessment. The comparative analysis of values of uncertainty factors (modifying factors, conversion factors) used for extrapolation and accepted in different countries and organizations was made. The system of extrapolation coefficients of DNEL (Derive No-Effect Level) is presented. The leading principles of modern toxicology and risk assessment based on strict scientific proofs are showed. Criteria of evidence-based toxicology and risk assessment are presented.Among actual problems which demand their decision there are considered: the assessment of combined action in regulatory toxicology; expansion of spheres of the application of health risk assessment methodology; the improvement ofpreparation and certification of experts in the field of health risk assessment; need of check of dispersion models and their replacement by more modern models; the improvement of exposure assessment with taking into account the international requirements; the assessment of regional exposure factors; expansion of atmospheric air monitoring in all the large cities of Russia.
PubMed ID
29430892 View in PubMed
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[Classification of hazards of industrial enterprises on a new methodological basis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166682
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Sep-Oct;(5):95-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
G I Nekrasova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Sep-Oct;(5):95-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - classification
Environmental Illness - chemically induced - classification - epidemiology
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects - classification
Humans
Industry
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Russia
Abstract
Based on the analysis of data on the volume of emission from 163 enterprises, a classification of industrial projects that are the sources of ambient air pollution has been developed, which includes: an estimate of the degree of hazard (5 classes) from enterprises by the total volume of emission irrespective industrial affiliation and the kind of activities; the relative index (RI) of hazard from an enterprise, which considers the volume of emission and the degree of toxicity of each pollutant (the RI specifies the class of an enterprise); the possible sizes of sanitary-hygiene zones in relation to the total volume of emission (tons per year). Testing the developed classification, by using 64 enterprises and various projects as an example has shown the expedisanitary-hygiene zones of an enterprise and projects of any branches of industry or the kind of activities, which are ambient air pollution sources.
PubMed ID
17087234 View in PubMed
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[Hygienic assessment of carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic risks of oral intake of drinking water chemical agents].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166781
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Jul-Aug;(4):30-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
L P Ignat'eva
I G Pogorelova
M O Potapova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Jul-Aug;(4):30-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Carcinogens - analysis
Catchment Area (Health)
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects - analysis
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Neoplasms - epidemiology
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Water - chemistry
Abstract
Based on the quantitative and qualitative determination of drinking water pollution by a large number of substances of varying toxicity and hazard, the authors calculated a possible risks of their adverse impact on the body by the development of carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic effects.
PubMed ID
17078290 View in PubMed
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[Drinking water supply in the Russian Federation].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166787
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Jul-Aug;(4):3-7
Publication Type
Article

[Inquiries to the Norwegian Poisons Information Centre on acute exposures to chemicals and chemical products]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature86896
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008 Apr 17;128(8):924-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-17-2008
Author
Borgeraas Jan
Lindqvist Ragnhild
Author Affiliation
Avdeling for giftinformasjon (Giftinformasjonen) Sosial- og helsedirektoratet, Postboks 7000, St. Olavs plass, 0130 Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008 Apr 17;128(8):924-8
Date
Apr-17-2008
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Fossil Fuels - poisoning
Glycols - poisoning
Hazardous Substances - poisoning
Household Products - poisoning
Humans
Infant
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Poison Control Centers - statistics & numerical data
Poisoning - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Registries
Risk factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The Poisons Information Centre receives many inquiries about acute exposures to chemical products. Our aim was to characterise the frequency and severity of such exposures and to raise awareness of chemicals that rarely cause poisoning, but may lead to serious systemic toxicity even in small amounts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from inquiries to the Poisons Information Centre in the period 2004-2006 and from the Product Register on the use of selected chemicals. RESULTS: In 2004-2006, the Poisons Information Centre received 35,802 inquiries regarding acute exposures to chemicals or chemical products. Most of the exposures (72%) were assessed as non-toxic or involving risk of minor poisoning, while only 7.8% were assessed as involving risk of severe poisoning. The substances most frequently involved were cleaning agents, cosmetics/personal care products and hydrocarbon fuels, whereas risk of severe poisoning is related to alkali and hydrocarbon exposures. Poisonings with hydrofluoric acid and glycols/glycol ethers are rare, but the outcome is often severe. As many as 84% of the hydrofluoric acid exposures and 36% of the ingestions of ethylene glycol by children were assessed as involving risk of moderate or severe poisoning. INTERPRETATION: Exposure to chemicals or chemical products is frequent, but rarely leads to severe poisonings. Data from inquiries to the Poisons Information Centre are representative of the chemical exposure conditions. It is important to have detailed product information readily available to assure correct treatment after exposure incidents.
PubMed ID
18431415 View in PubMed
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[Registers of health for workers exposed to extremely dangerous toxic chemicals--basis for early diagnosis and prevention of occupational intoxications].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144510
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(1):35-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
V L Filippov
V R Rembovskii
Iu V Filippova
N V Krinitsyn
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(1):35-41
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Early Diagnosis
Female
Hazardous Substances - poisoning
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Occupational Health - statistics & numerical data
Registries
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The article deals with results of specification and functioning of a register of health for workers exposed to extremely dangerous toxic chemicals. The authors demonstrated patterns of diseases development in workers according to length of work with toxic chemicals and to work conditions. The identified cause-effect relationships of the diseases development necessitate health registers to minimize negative consequences in work conditions, for early diagnosis and occupational diseases prevention.
PubMed ID
20361606 View in PubMed
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290 records – page 1 of 29.