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130 records – page 1 of 13.

AIDS/HIV survey--Prince Edward Island.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221249
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 1993 Apr 15;19(7):49-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-15-1993
Author
L. Sweet
Author Affiliation
Department of Health and Social Services, Charlottetown, Prince Edward, Island.
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 1993 Apr 15;19(7):49-50
Date
Apr-15-1993
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
HIV Seroprevalence
Health Surveys
Humans
Prince Edward Island - epidemiology
PubMed ID
8495222 View in PubMed
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AIDS surveillance among American Indians and Alaska Natives

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature3038
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 1991 Nov;81(11):1469-1471
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1991
  1 website  
Author
Metler, R
Conway, GA
Stehr-Green, J
Author Affiliation
Division of HIV/AIDS, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333.
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 1991 Nov;81(11):1469-1471
Date
Nov-1991
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology
Alaska - epidemiology
Female
HIV Seroprevalence
Humans
Indians, North American - statistics & numerical data
Inuits - statistics & numerical data
Male
Population Surveillance
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
To assess the human immunodeficiency virus epidemic among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN), we examined acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) case and seroprevalence data through December 1990. While AI/AN had a low 1990 reported AIDS case rate (4.0/100,000), the increase in diagnosed cases adjusted for reporting delays from 1989 to 1990 was higher (23.1%) among AI/AN than any other racial/ethnic group. Seroprevalence data for military applicants have documented higher rates for AI/AN than for either Whites or Asian/Pacific Islanders.
PubMed ID
1951804 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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An anonymous seroprevalence survey of HIV infection among pregnant women in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8317
Source
CMAJ. 1990 Dec 1;143(11):1187-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1-1990
Author
M T Schechter
P J Ballem
N A Buskard
T N Le
M. Thompson
S A Marion
M V O'Shaughnessy
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
Source
CMAJ. 1990 Dec 1;143(11):1187-92
Date
Dec-1-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology
Adolescent
Adult
Blood Specimen Collection
British Columbia - epidemiology
Female
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
HIV Seroprevalence
HIV-1
Humans
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious - epidemiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
Abstract
We performed an anonymous seroprevalence survey of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 infection through HIV antibody testing of blood samples from 22,512 women aged 15 to 44 years receiving prenatal care in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory from Mar. 15 to Sept. 30, 1989. Of the samples six were confirmed to be HIV positive; this yielded a crude overall seroprevalence rate of 2.7 per 10,000 pregnant women (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0 to 5.8). All of the positive samples were from women 20 to 29 years of age; four were from Vancouver, one was from Victoria, and one was from elsewhere. The highest seroprevalence rates were among women aged 15 to 29 years in Vancouver and Victoria (7.2 and 9.4 per 10,000 pregnant women respectively). Thus, 1 in 1300 pregnant women in that age group in the metropolitan areas of British Columbia was HIV positive. Application of seroprevalence rates to the total female population in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory revealed that as many as 401 women had HIV infection in 1989. Our estimates likely represent the minimum. As a subset of women of childbearing age pregnant women are likely at lowest risk of HIV infection, and so the true number of women 15 to 44 years of age with HIV infection is probably several times higher. Our study has provided a baseline assessment and will be repeated annually to analyse trends in HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory.
Notes
Comment In: CMAJ. 1991 Mar 15;144(6):627-81998908
PubMed ID
2224695 View in PubMed
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[An HIV prevalence study by means of sentinel epidemiological surveillance among injection narcotic abusers in Saint Petersburg].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature197225
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jul-Aug;(4):31-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
T T Smol'skaia
L N Khodakevich
Iu V Kobyshcha
A S Pimenov
D V Ostrovskii
E A Shilova
S V Suvorova
S V Kotova
Zh V Terent'eva
G V Volkova
G A Makarenko
Author Affiliation
North-Western Regional Scientific Methodological Center for Prevention and Control of AIDS, Public Organization Vozvrashcheniye (Return), St. Petersburg, Russia.
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jul-Aug;(4):31-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Chronic Disease
Female
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seroprevalence
Humans
Male
Needle-Exchange Programs
Opioid-Related Disorders - epidemiology - immunology
Russia - epidemiology
Sentinel Surveillance
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - epidemiology - immunology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The data on the study of the spread of HIV infection among injecting drug users in St. Petersburg, carried out by the method of the random testing of blood remaining in used syringes, are presented. Injecting drug users visiting buses working in accordance with the program "Buses for Assistance to Drug Addicts" were chosen as a study group. The exchange of syringes was one of the elements of this program. The work was carried out in two areas with a high concentration of drug users. The eluates from syringes used by 300 persons were studied. The average rate of the spread of HIV in the cohort under study was 12%. The results were indicative of a high degree of the spread of HIV among injecting drug users in St. Petersburg. Epidemiological patrol surveillance proved to be an effective method for the evaluation of the epidemiological situation in a highly inaccessible group of the population.
PubMed ID
10994099 View in PubMed
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[An intrahospital outbreak of HIV infection in Elista].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature229383
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Apr;(4):17-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1990
Author
V V Pokrovskii
I Iu Eramova
M O Deulina
V V Lipetikov
K B Iashkulov
L A Sliusareva
N M Chemizova
S P Savchenko
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Apr;(4):17-23
Date
Apr-1990
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross Infection - epidemiology - transmission
Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data
Disease Reservoirs
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Infections - epidemiology - transmission
HIV Seroprevalence
Humans
Iatrogenic Disease - epidemiology
Russia - epidemiology
Sterilization
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
For the first time a nosocomial focus of HIV infection was established. Out of 83,000 inhabitants of the Kalmyck ASSR who underwent planned examination in the course of epidemiological investigation, 65 cases of HIV infection were detected and all of them were traced to the focus of hospital infection (56 children and 9 adults: 1 man and 8 women; of these, 7 women contacted the infection from their infected children in the process of breast feeding). The children were infected during their stay in two hospitals of Elista where they received multiple intravenous and intramuscular injections. The infection spread from the infant department of the regional pediatric hospital to 4 more departments and to the infectious diseases hospital. Transmission of this infection was maintained for several months by the use of nonsterile syringes in parenteral manipulations.
PubMed ID
2143611 View in PubMed
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Anti-HIV antibodies and other serological and immunological parameters among normal Haitians in Montreal.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature103658
Source
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990;3(2):166-72
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
L. Frappier-Davignon
M C Walker
A. Adrien
L A el Badraoui
M. Desrosiers
M V O'Shaughnessy
F. Affoyon
J M Dupuy
Author Affiliation
Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology Research Center, Institut Armand-Frappier, Université du Québec, Laval, Canada.
Source
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990;3(2):166-72
Date
1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Animals
Antibodies, Protozoan - analysis
Antibodies, Viral - analysis
Case-Control Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Cytomegalovirus - immunology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
HIV Antibodies - analysis
HIV Seroprevalence
Haiti - ethnology
Hepatitis B Antibodies - analysis
Humans
Leukocyte Count
Lymphocytes
Male
Middle Aged
Quebec
Questionnaires
Random Allocation
Toxoplasma - immunology
Abstract
A matched-pair, cross-sectional study of lymphocyte and serological parameters associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in 189 randomly chosen, ostensibly healthy adult Haitian immigrants residing in Montreal matched for sex, age (within 5 years), and neighborhood of residence to 189 non-Haitian (Caucasian) controls was done in 1983-1984. Three years later (1986-1987), 41 of the Haitian study subjects and 83 of the non-Haitian controls participated in a follow-up study centered on lymphocyte parameters. A significantly greater number of Haitians than controls had produced antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii. In addition, a greater percentage of the Haitians than the controls were also producing antibodies to two other opportunistic pathogens frequently encountered in AIDS, cytomegalovirus and hepatitis B virus, implying that the Haitians in general had had greater exposure to a variety of infectious agents than had the controls. A few study participants were producing antibodies against two viruses that are related to the human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1), the human T-cell lymphotropic viruses I and II (HTLV-I and -II). Two Haitians and one control were producing antibodies against HTLV-I. One study subject and four controls were HTLV-II seropositive. The most interesting and surprising finding was that four (2.1%) of the Haitian study subjects but none of the controls were seropositive for HIV-1. These individuals, two of whom were women and two men, were asymptomatic. Although their individual lymphocyte parameter values fell in the normal range, as a group they had statistically significantly lower average values for their lymphocyte parameters than did the HIV-seronegative Haitian study objects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
PubMed ID
2153200 View in PubMed
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At a glance: HIV/AIDS surveillance to 30 June 2004.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature176953
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2004 Dec 1;30(23):197-201
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1-2004
Author
J. Geduld
Author Affiliation
Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada.
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2004 Dec 1;30(23):197-201
Date
Dec-1-2004
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada - epidemiology
Female
HIV Infections - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
HIV Seroprevalence
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Risk factors
Sentinel Surveillance
Sex Distribution
PubMed ID
15603532 View in PubMed
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[Clinico-epidemiological analysis of the cases of HIV infection in the north-western region of Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225180
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1992;(9-10):13-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
N N Vlasov
T T Smol'skaia
F S Noskov
B D Mebel'
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1992;(9-10):13-6
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - etiology - psychology - transmission
Adult
Female
HIV Seroprevalence - trends
Homosexuality - psychology
Humans
Male
Russia - epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Sexual Behavior - psychology
Abstract
The paper provides an epidemiological characterization of HIV infection spread in a Russia's large region with more than 10 million people. The epidemiological findings show that the significant onset of HIV infection occurred among the population in this region in mid 1988. Homosexuals and bisexuals are prevalent among the HIV-infected, sexual contact is the main mode of HIV transmission. In addition to delivery of HIV infection from foreign countries, there are cases of local transmission. The clinical evidence indicates that most HIV-infected people are asymptomatic. Herpes viruses, Mycobacteria tuberculosis, Toxoplasma and fungi are common among causative agents of AIDS-related infections.
PubMed ID
1283709 View in PubMed
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A comparison of the progression rate to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome between intravenous drug users and homosexual men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature7937
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1994 Dec;22(4):309-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1994
Author
A. Eskild
P. Magnus
C. Sohlberg
F. Jensen
P. Kittelsen
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1994 Dec;22(4):309-14
Date
Dec-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - diagnosis - epidemiology - transmission
Adult
Female
Follow-Up Studies
HIV Seropositivity - diagnosis - epidemiology - transmission
HIV Seroprevalence - trends
HIV-1
Homosexuality, Male - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - epidemiology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
In order to study differences in progression to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) between risk groups, 205 homosexual men and 185 intravenous drug users (IVDUs) were followed from diagnosed seropositivity for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 (HIV) for a mean period of 46 months (range 1-88 months). Seven (4%) IVDUs and 55 homosexual men (27%) were diagnosed with AIDS during the follow-up period. The probability of being AIDS-free four years after diagnosed HIV positivity was 0.96 for IVDUs (SE 0.02) and 0.73 (SE 0.04) for homosexual men (p
PubMed ID
7716443 View in PubMed
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Comparison of three HIV antigen detection kits in sequential sera from a cohort of homosexual men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227058
Source
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1991;4(7):717-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
S E Read
C J Major
R A Coates
A. Francis
J. Raboud
B J McLaughlin
F A Shepherd
M M Fanning
L M Calzavara
D K MacFadden
Author Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1991;4(7):717-23
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
AIDS-Related Complex - diagnosis - epidemiology
Cohort Studies
HIV Antigens - analysis - diagnostic use
HIV Infections - diagnosis - epidemiology
HIV Seroprevalence
Homosexuality
Humans
Male
Ontario - epidemiology
Reagent kits, diagnostic
Risk factors
Sensitivity and specificity
Abstract
HIV antigen detection kits are available from a number of commercial sources. Abbott, Coulter, and Du Pont antigen kits were used to test 661 sera collected sequentially from 65 members of the Toronto Sexual Contact Study (TSCS). The sera had been collected at 3-month intervals over 4 years from nine persistently HIV-seronegative men, 14 seroconverters, and 42 seroprevalent participants. Antigen was not detected in any seronegative men. Two of 14 seroconverters were antigen positive in the specimen immediately preceding seroconversion (by all kits). Antigen was detected in 22 of 56 seropositive participants; of these, 16 of 22 demonstrated the emergence of antigen during observation. Discrepancies were noted in the time of detection of antigen (ranging from 3 months to more than 3 years) in nine participants. Although overall concordance among all kits for all specimens appears high (95.4%), when the bias introduced by testing multiple specimens from the same patient is removed, the lower bound of concordance among all three kits is estimated to be 80%. Similarly, after correction, the upper and lower bound of estimates of sensitivity are Abbott 96, 92%; Coulter 88, 63%; and Du Pont 88, 58%. There are significant differences in the performance characteristics of these commercial products for the detection of HIV antigen in serum.
PubMed ID
2051309 View in PubMed
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130 records – page 1 of 13.