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177 records – page 1 of 18.

[3 cases of viral carriage detected during screening for HIV antibodies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226768
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1991
Author
E M Shelukhina
E V Chekunova
G R Matsevich
I A Okunev
S S Marennikova
M R Zak
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Date
Mar-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Blood Donors
Carrier State - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - immunology
HIV-1 - immunology
Humans
Immunoblotting
Lithuania - epidemiology
Mass Screening - methods
Moscow - epidemiology
Risk factors
Abstract
The results of screening more than 23,000 serum samples from persons belonging to risk groups, as well as those not belonging to such groups, in Moscow, Vilnius and Klaipeda are presented. Screening was carried out with the use of an assay system manufactured by the Scientific and Industrial Amalgamation "Antigen" (USSR). In this screening 3 HIV carriers were detected; of these, 2 were foreign students from two African countries.
PubMed ID
1872091 View in PubMed
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[A category of patients with tuberculosis concomitant with HIV infection in an anti-TB facility].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature184198
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2003;(5):6-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
F A Batyrov
O P Frolova
G N Zhukova
I G Sementsova
O I Mukhanova
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2003;(5):6-9
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Catchment Area (Health)
Female
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Preventive Health Services
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology - prevention & control - rehabilitation
Abstract
A category of patients with tuberculosis concomitant with HIV infection, who were admitted for inpatient care to the infection department of Tuberculosis Clinical Hospital No. 7, Moscow, during 1996-2001, was analyzed. Peculiarities of the mentioned patients' category (205 subjects) were studied at the anti-TB facility. It was established that males (83.4%), aged 21-30 (48.9%), as well as unemployed (71%) prevailed. As much as 14% of them were homeless and 33% had a prison history. Drug-addiction (76%) and hepatitis C and B (77%) were found to be the key concomitant pathologies in them. HIV was primarily diagnosed at the anti-TB facility in 52% of patients, while tuberculosis had set on before HIV in 34.8% of patients. A major part of patients with tuberculosis concomitant with HIV, who were at the anti-TB facility, had early HIV stages. Specific features of the clinical course of tuberculosis were defined for patients with early HIV stages. It was established that tuberculosis concomitant with early HIV stages is deprived of any peculiarities except for the primary signs' stage, if it has the form of an acute infection. An exacerbation of the tuberculosis process, which quite often leads to its generalization and fatal outcome, can happen during the mentioned period due to a pronounced immunodeficiency.
PubMed ID
12899005 View in PubMed
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[Acute diseases and trauma of thorax and abdomen in patients with hemocontact viral infections].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138580
Source
Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2010;(9):24-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
M A Godkov
Sh N Danielian
M M Abakumov
Source
Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2010;(9):24-9
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abdominal Injuries - epidemiology - surgery
Communicable disease control
Community-Acquired Infections - epidemiology - immunology - transmission
Comorbidity
Cumulative Trauma Disorders - epidemiology - surgery
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Disease Transmission, Infectious - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Emergencies
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - immunology - transmission
Humans
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Surgery Department, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Thoracic Injuries - epidemiology - surgery
Virus Diseases - epidemiology - immunology - transmission
Abstract
Screening of hemocontact viral infections (HVI) (HIV, hepatitis B and C) was conducted among patients of the emergency thoraco-abdominal surgery unit. During the 8 years of the study the HVI detection had increased on 57.4%. Gender analysis showed greater HVI prevalence among men. Medico-social criteria of HVI risk-groups among patients of the emergency thoraco-abdominal surgery unit were stated.
PubMed ID
21164418 View in PubMed
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Source
Lancet. 1989 Sep 9;2(8663):623-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-9-1989

[AIDS and HIV in Sweden. The figures in a 10-year perspective]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8186
Source
Lakartidningen. 1992 Mar 18;89(12):963-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-18-1992

AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases in the arctic regions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1681
Source
Arctic Medical Research. 1990; 49 Suppl 3:1-38. Proceedings of the Circumpolar Meeting on AIDS Prevention, Ilulissat, Greenland, September 26-28, 1989.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Source
Arctic Medical Research. 1990; 49 Suppl 3:1-38. Proceedings of the Circumpolar Meeting on AIDS Prevention, Ilulissat, Greenland, September 26-28, 1989.
Date
1990
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
AIDS
HIV
Population
Syphilis
Gonorrhea
Homosexuality
Health education
STD
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Adolescent
Adult
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Gonorrhea - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Sexual Behavior
Syphilis - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1891.
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AIDS and risk: the handling of uncertainty in northern Tanzania.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81339
Source
Cult Health Sex. 2005 Jan;7(1):1-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2005
Author
Haram Liv
Author Affiliation
Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden. Liv.Haram@nai.uu.se
Source
Cult Health Sex. 2005 Jan;7(1):1-11
Date
Jan-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cultural Characteristics
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control
Female
HIV Infections - epidemiology
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Poverty
Risk factors
Sexual Behavior - statistics & numerical data
Social Environment
Tanzania - epidemiology
Uncertainty
Women's health
Abstract
Studies of sexual risk behaviour in the context of HIV/AIDS often utilize theories of risk which are predicated on the idea of the rational actor making choices, and thus operate with a strong notion of the autonomous individual. The underlying assumption is that a well-informed individual would strive to reduce risk and therefore choose not to engage in risky behaviour in sexual encounters. Drawing on longitudinal fieldwork in Arusha town and the surrounding districts in northern Tanzania, this paper explores how people draw on a complexity of knowledge and experience when they try to reduce the likelihood of contracting HIV. It shows how the embeddedness of social relationships, and the constraints of culture restrict the possible range of options, particularly for women. The paper examines the paired concepts of risk and trust, arguing that trust in a sexual relationship is gendered in particular ways. Gender hierarchies often place women in a subordinate position to men as a result of which women have to make compromises which put their health at risk.
PubMed ID
16864184 View in PubMed
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Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1988 Feb 10;108(4):326-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-10-1988
Author
O O Aalen
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1988 Feb 10;108(4):326-7
Date
Feb-10-1988
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - transmission
Disease Outbreaks
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
Humans
Norway
PubMed ID
3353929 View in PubMed
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AIDS/HIV survey--Prince Edward Island.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221249
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 1993 Apr 15;19(7):49-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-15-1993
Author
L. Sweet
Author Affiliation
Department of Health and Social Services, Charlottetown, Prince Edward, Island.
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 1993 Apr 15;19(7):49-50
Date
Apr-15-1993
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
HIV Seroprevalence
Health Surveys
Humans
Prince Edward Island - epidemiology
PubMed ID
8495222 View in PubMed
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Source
J Clin Apher. 1989;5(1):30-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Author
A J Clayton
Author Affiliation
Federal Centre for AIDS, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Source
J Clin Apher. 1989;5(1):30-2
Date
1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control
Adult
Blood Donors
Canada
Child
Government Agencies
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
Humans
Middle Aged
World Health Organization
Abstract
Since the first case of AIDS was diagnosed in 1982, there have been over 2,300 cases, as of February 1989, in Canada. The epidemiological pattern of the cases in Canada follows that of the United States with the exception of intravenous drug users. In 1983, the federal government created a National Advisory Committee which is active in advising the Minister of National Health and Welfare on issues for the control and management of AIDS in Canada. In 1985, a $39 million program was announced. An enhanced program of AIDS control was established in July of 1987 with the creation of the Federal Center for AIDS (FCA). This has involved a substantial increase in financial and personnel resources. Canada plays a significant role internationally vis-à-vis AIDS; $10 million has been provided to the World Health Organization. The FCA is a WHO Collaborating Centre. In June of 1989, Canada will host the Vth International Conference on AIDS in Montreal.
PubMed ID
2777737 View in PubMed
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177 records – page 1 of 18.