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134 records – page 1 of 14.

[3 cases of viral carriage detected during screening for HIV antibodies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226768
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1991
Author
E M Shelukhina
E V Chekunova
G R Matsevich
I A Okunev
S S Marennikova
M R Zak
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Date
Mar-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Blood Donors
Carrier State - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - immunology
HIV-1 - immunology
Humans
Immunoblotting
Lithuania - epidemiology
Mass Screening - methods
Moscow - epidemiology
Risk factors
Abstract
The results of screening more than 23,000 serum samples from persons belonging to risk groups, as well as those not belonging to such groups, in Moscow, Vilnius and Klaipeda are presented. Screening was carried out with the use of an assay system manufactured by the Scientific and Industrial Amalgamation "Antigen" (USSR). In this screening 3 HIV carriers were detected; of these, 2 were foreign students from two African countries.
PubMed ID
1872091 View in PubMed
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Acceptability of voluntary population screening for antibodies against HIV. Aarhus Research Group on AIDS.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8407
Source
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990;3(7):737-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
A. Foldspang
M. Melbye
Author Affiliation
Institute of Social Medicine, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
Source
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990;3(7):737-40
Date
1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Denmark
HIV Antibodies - analysis
HIV Infections - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
In order to assess the acceptability of voluntary population screening for antibodies against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a random sample of 300 Danish men, aged 20-49 years, were sent a self-administered questionnaire. Among nonrespondents, recruitment attempts were repeated three times with intervals of 8-10 days. In total, 76.7% responded. Two hundred men (87.0% of the respondents) would accept an offer to be tested in an anti-HIV screening programme. Among respondents, 72.9% agreed to identify themselves to the researchers, 22.1% preferred to be tested under a code number known only by the participant himself, and 5% wanted the test information to be completely anonymous. Among the 30 men refusing HIV testing, 40% reported they were not concerned about AIDS, 16.7% expressed concern with confidentiality problems, and another 16.7% had been tested already and for this reason declined to participate. Previous reports have indicated high seroprevalences among nonrespondents and raised prevalences of behavior at high risk for HIV infection among persons who do themselves take the initiative to be tested or who decline to be tested because they worry about confidentiality. Low respondency and the associated disproportional loss of subjects at high risk of HIV infection may bias HIV seroprevalence estimates based on population probability sampling, especially in areas with low HIV infection prevalence. Because of these biases, voluntary population screening is likely to give only lower bound estimates of HIV seroprevalence. So, this technique should only be used in combination with other surveillance approaches.
PubMed ID
2352126 View in PubMed
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AIDS and the safety and adequacy of the Canadian blood supply.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature237338
Source
Can Anaesth Soc J. 1986 Mar;33(2):117-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1986

AIDS: medicolegal considerations for Canadian hospitals.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature236294
Source
CMAJ. 1986 Nov 15;135(10):1091-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-15-1986
Author
B J Johnson
C L Soskolne
Source
CMAJ. 1986 Nov 15;135(10):1091-6
Date
Nov-15-1986
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - immunology - transmission
Antibodies, Viral - immunology
Blood Transfusion
Canada
Confidentiality
Contract Services
Cross Infection - prevention & control
HIV Antibodies
Hospital Administration
Hospitals - standards
Humans
Informed consent
Insemination, Artificial
Jurisprudence
Patient Advocacy
Patient compliance
Abstract
Given the increasing endemicity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the agent implicated in the causation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), in numerous sizeable subgroups of society, hospitals can expect increasing exposure to the legal implications presented by patients with AIDS. This paper reviews the duty of care owed by hospitals, both directly, through contractual obligations, and indirectly, through the acts of their employees and private contractors, to patients with AIDS, other patients and the public. Owing to the absence of case law directly related to AIDS or to HIV antibody reactivity, inferences were drawn from precedents set with other infectious diseases. Recommendations are made in the areas of confidentiality, informed consent, standards of care and vicarious liability.
Notes
Cites: Leg Med Q. 1979;3(2):93-10010245513
Cites: Science. 1986 May 9;232(4751):6973008335
Cites: Ann Intern Med. 1983 Mar;98(3):290-36299154
Cites: Science. 1983 May 20;220(4599):868-716189183
Cites: Hastings Cent Rep. 1983 Apr;13(2):5-76687880
Cites: Lancet. 1983 Jul 30;2(8344):274-56135093
Cites: Infect Control. 1983 Jul-Aug;4(4 Suppl):326-496309694
Cites: Science. 1984 May 4;224(4648):497-5006200935
Cites: Science. 1984 Aug 24;225(4664):840-26206563
Cites: JAMA. 1985 Jan 11;253(2):215-203965772
Cites: JAMA. 1985 Jan 11;253(2):221-52981369
Cites: N Engl J Med. 1985 May 2;312(18):1185-92984568
Cites: JAMA. 1985 Jun 21;253(23):3419-243889395
Cites: N Engl J Med. 1985 Jul 4;313(1):47-82582255
Cites: Bull Am Coll Surg. 1985 Sep;70(9):6-1210272607
Cites: CMAJ. 1985 Sep 15;133(6):551, 5552992733
Cites: Science. 1985 Sep 27;229(4720):1352-72994217
Cites: Science. 1985 Dec 6;230(4730):1140, 11422999975
Cites: Science. 1986 Feb 28;231(4741):992-53003917
Cites: Dimens Health Serv. 1981 Apr;58(4):18, 207239029
PubMed ID
3464340 View in PubMed
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[A method for transporting blood samples for the determination of antibodies to HIV infection]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8095
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Apr;(4):102-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1993
Author
F I Bogomolov
V S Tomashuk
V M Sheleva
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Apr;(4):102-3
Date
Apr-1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
English Abstract
HIV Antibodies - blood
Humans
Polystyrenes
Specimen Handling - instrumentation - methods
Ukraine
Abstract
More than 80,000 blood samples are annually transported to the Lutsk diagnostic center for assessment of antibodies to HIV. A polystyrol container for 50 vials is used for transportation of the blood samples for these purpose. The advantages of this way of transportation are discussed.
PubMed ID
8209428 View in PubMed
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[A method of taking finger blood samples for mass examinations for the presence of antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature228670
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Aug;(8):26-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1990

[An analysis of the blood sera of patients infected with HIV-1 for the presence of antibodies to the gp120 and gp41 sequences].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214741
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1995 Jul-Aug;(4):47-51
Publication Type
Article
Author
O V Sergeev
M M Garaev
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1995 Jul-Aug;(4):47-51
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Amino Acid Sequence
Escherichia coli - immunology
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Envelope Protein gp120 - immunology
HIV Envelope Protein gp160 - immunology
HIV Envelope Protein gp41 - immunology
HIV Infections - diagnosis
HIV-1 - immunology
Humans
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Molecular Sequence Data
Peptide Fragments - immunology
Recombinant Proteins - immunology
Republic of Belarus
Russia
Abstract
Blood sera, originating four regions of Russia and Byelorussia and previously tested for the content of antibodies to HIV-1 proteins, were studied in the enzyme immunoassay on the basis of recombinant sequences gp160, as well as on the basis of oligopeptides corresponding to sequences V3 of six HIV-1 strains. The possibility of using sequences gp160, contained in fusion polypeptides synthesized in Escherichia coli cells, for the detection of antibodies in laboratory research was shown. Differences in the reactivity of the sera under study with respect to fragments gp160 correlated with the geographical origin of these sera: similarity between the serum samples from Elista and Rostov and their difference from serum samples collected in other regions were shown.
PubMed ID
9381871 View in PubMed
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[An anonymous survey of the population for antibodies to the virus causing AIDS].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature231146
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1989 Mar;(3):53-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1989
Author
V V Pokrovskii
A I Mazus
A I Akimov
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1989 Mar;(3):53-7
Date
Mar-1989
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - transmission
Adolescent
Adult
Bisexuality
Female
HIV Antibodies - analysis
Homosexuality
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Sexual Behavior
Substance-Related Disorders
Abstract
The anonymous survey of the population for the presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carried out in Moscow in 1987 revealed 4 seropositive persons among 10, 117 persons subjected to examination. These 4 persons belonged to typical risk groups with respect to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The questioning of the persons coming for examination made it possible to find out that a large percentage of them really had a risk of contacting HIV infection; besides, a considerable proportion of the visitors proved to have signs of AIDS phobia.
PubMed ID
2741605 View in PubMed
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[An HIV prevalence study by means of sentinel epidemiological surveillance among injection narcotic abusers in Saint Petersburg].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature197225
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jul-Aug;(4):31-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
T T Smol'skaia
L N Khodakevich
Iu V Kobyshcha
A S Pimenov
D V Ostrovskii
E A Shilova
S V Suvorova
S V Kotova
Zh V Terent'eva
G V Volkova
G A Makarenko
Author Affiliation
North-Western Regional Scientific Methodological Center for Prevention and Control of AIDS, Public Organization Vozvrashcheniye (Return), St. Petersburg, Russia.
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jul-Aug;(4):31-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Chronic Disease
Female
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seroprevalence
Humans
Male
Needle-Exchange Programs
Opioid-Related Disorders - epidemiology - immunology
Russia - epidemiology
Sentinel Surveillance
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - epidemiology - immunology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The data on the study of the spread of HIV infection among injecting drug users in St. Petersburg, carried out by the method of the random testing of blood remaining in used syringes, are presented. Injecting drug users visiting buses working in accordance with the program "Buses for Assistance to Drug Addicts" were chosen as a study group. The exchange of syringes was one of the elements of this program. The work was carried out in two areas with a high concentration of drug users. The eluates from syringes used by 300 persons were studied. The average rate of the spread of HIV in the cohort under study was 12%. The results were indicative of a high degree of the spread of HIV among injecting drug users in St. Petersburg. Epidemiological patrol surveillance proved to be an effective method for the evaluation of the epidemiological situation in a highly inaccessible group of the population.
PubMed ID
10994099 View in PubMed
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[An intrahospital outbreak of HIV infection in Elista].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature229383
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Apr;(4):17-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1990
Author
V V Pokrovskii
I Iu Eramova
M O Deulina
V V Lipetikov
K B Iashkulov
L A Sliusareva
N M Chemizova
S P Savchenko
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Apr;(4):17-23
Date
Apr-1990
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross Infection - epidemiology - transmission
Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data
Disease Reservoirs
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Infections - epidemiology - transmission
HIV Seroprevalence
Humans
Iatrogenic Disease - epidemiology
Russia - epidemiology
Sterilization
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
For the first time a nosocomial focus of HIV infection was established. Out of 83,000 inhabitants of the Kalmyck ASSR who underwent planned examination in the course of epidemiological investigation, 65 cases of HIV infection were detected and all of them were traced to the focus of hospital infection (56 children and 9 adults: 1 man and 8 women; of these, 7 women contacted the infection from their infected children in the process of breast feeding). The children were infected during their stay in two hospitals of Elista where they received multiple intravenous and intramuscular injections. The infection spread from the infant department of the regional pediatric hospital to 4 more departments and to the infectious diseases hospital. Transmission of this infection was maintained for several months by the use of nonsterile syringes in parenteral manipulations.
PubMed ID
2143611 View in PubMed
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134 records – page 1 of 14.