This study assessed adherence with first-line gonorrhoea treatment recommendations in Ontario, Canada, following recent guideline changes due to antibiotic resistance.
We used interrupted times-series analyses to analyse treatment data for cases of uncomplicated gonorrhoea reported in Ontario, Canada, between January 2006 and May 2014. We assessed adherence with first-line treatment according to the guidelines in place at the time and the use of specific antibiotics over time. We used the introduction of new recommendations in the Canadian Guidelines for Sexually Transmitted Infections in 2008 and 2011 and the release of the province of Ontario's Guidelines for the Treatment and Management of Gonococcal Infections in Ontario in 2013 as interruptions in the time-series analysis.
Overall, 34?287 gonorrhoea cases were reported between 1 January 2006 and 31 May 2014. Treatment data were available for 32?312 (94.2%). Our analysis included 32?272 (94.1%) cases without either a conjunctival or disseminated infection. Following the release of the 2011 recommendations, adherence with first-line recommendations immediately decreased to below 30%. Adherence slowly increased but did not reach baseline levels before the 2013 guidelines were released. Following release of the 2013 guidelines, adherence again decreased; adherence is slowly recovering but by May 2014, was only approximately 60%.
Due to concerns about antibiotic resistance, gonorrhoea treatment guidelines need to be updated regularly and rapidly adopted in practice. Our study showed poor adherence following dissemination of updated guidelines. Over a year after the latest Ontario guidelines were released, 40% of patients did not receive first-line treatment, putting them at risk of treatment failure and potentially promoting further drug resistance. Greater attention should be devoted to dissemination and implementation of new guidelines.
Primary care providers play an important role in preventing and managing cardiovascular disease. This study compared the quality of preventive cardiovascular care delivery amongst different primary care models.
This is a secondary analysis of a larger randomized control trial, known as the Improved Delivery of Cardiovascular Care (IDOCC) through Outreach Facilitation. Using baseline data collected through IDOCC, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 82 primary care practices from three delivery models in Eastern Ontario, Canada: 43 fee-for-service, 27 blended-capitation and 12 community health centres with salary-based physicians. Medical chart audits from 4,808 patients with or at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease were used to examine each practice's adherence to ten evidence-based processes of care for diabetes, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, hypertension, weight management, and smoking cessation care. Generalized estimating equation models adjusting for age, sex, rurality, number of cardiovascular-related comorbidities, and year of data collection were used to compare guideline adherence amongst the three models.
The percentage of patients with diabetes that received two hemoglobin A1c tests during the study year was significantly higher in community health centres (69%) than in fee-for-service (45%) practices (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.4 [95% CI 1.4-4.2], p = 0.001). Blended capitation practices had a significantly higher percentage of patients who had their waistlines monitored than in fee-for-service practices (19% vs. 5%, AOR = 3.7 [1.8-7.8], p = 0.0006), and who were recommended a smoking cessation drug when compared to community health centres (33% vs. 16%, AOR = 2.4 [1.3-4.6], p = 0.007). Overall, quality of diabetes care was higher in community health centres, while smoking cessation care and weight management was higher in the blended-capitation models. Fee-for-service practices had the greatest gaps in care, most noticeably in diabetes care and weight management.
This study adds to the evidence suggesting that primary care delivery model impacts quality of care. These findings support current Ontario reforms to move away from the traditional fee-for-service practice.
Cites: Health Care Manage Rev. 2004 Apr-Jun;29(2):129-3815192985
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The derivation and validation studies for the Canadian Cervical-Spine (C-Spine) Rule (CCR) and the Canadian Computed Tomography (CT) Head Rule (CCHR) have been published in major medical journals. The objectives were to determine: 1) physician awareness and use of these rules in Australasia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States and 2) physician characteristics associated with awareness and use.
A self-administered e-mail and postal survey was sent to members of four national emergency physician (EP) associations using a modified Dillman technique. Results were analyzed using repeated-measures logistic regression models.
The response rate was 54.8% (1,150/2,100). Reported awareness of the CCR ranged from 97% (Canada) to 65% (United States); for the CCHR it ranged from 86% (Canada) to 31% (United States). Reported use of the CCR ranged from 73% (Canada) to 30% (United States); for the CCHR, it was 57% (Canada) to 12% (United States). Predictors of awareness were country, type of rule, full-time employment, younger age, and teaching hospital (p
Primary care plays a key role in the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We examined primary care practice adherence to recommended care guidelines associated with the prevention and management of CVD for high risk patients.
We conducted a secondary analysis of cross-sectional baseline data collected from 84 primary care practices participating in a large quality improvement initiative in Eastern Ontario from 2008 to 2010. We collected medical chart data from 4,931 patients who either had, or were at high risk of developing CVD to study adherence rates to recommended guidelines for CVD care and to examine the proportion of patients at target for clinical markers such as blood pressure, lipid levels and hemoglobin A1c.
Adherence to preventive care recommendations was poor. Less than 10% of high risk patients received a waistline measurement, half of the smokers received cessation advice, and 7.7% were referred to a smoking cessation program. Gaps in care exist for diabetes and kidney disease as 54.9% of patients with diabetes received recommended hemoglobin-A1c screenings, and only 55.8% received an albumin excretion test. Adherence rates to recommended guidelines for coronary artery disease, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were high (>75%); however
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Cites: Can J Cardiol. 2006 Sep;22(11):913-2716971976
Published data on quality of care indicators from various countries indicate the challenges of providing high-quality diabetes care. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of care provided to members of the Canadian Forces (CF) who have diabetes, by determining the extent to which healthcare providers adhere to recommendations outlined in the 2008 Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) clinical practice guidelines.
All 14 CF bases meeting eligibility criteria were included in the evaluation. Cases of diabetes were ascertained based on laboratory criteria. Adherence to 21 CDA guideline recommendations was evaluated following a review of patient medical records.
The CF demonstrated high adherence (>75%) with 9 recommendations, moderate adherence (50% to 75%) with 7 recommendations and low adherence (