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Botulism among Alaska Natives. The role of changing food preparation and consumption practices.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2310
Source
Western Journal of Medicine. 1990 Oct; 153(4):390-393.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
N. Shaffer
R B Wainwright
J P Middaugh
R V Tauxe
Author Affiliation
U.S. Centers for Disease Control
Source
Western Journal of Medicine. 1990 Oct; 153(4):390-393.
Date
1990
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
New Stuyahok
Goodnews Bay
Manokotak
Ekuk
Dillingham
Diet, traditional
Clostridium botulinum
Epidemics
Adult
Aged
Alaska - epidemiology
Botulism - epidemiology
Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data
Female
Food Habits
Food Handling
Food Preservation
Humans
Indians, North American
Inuits
Life Style
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Risk factors
Abstract
Alaska Natives have one of the highest rates of food-borne botulism worldwide. All outbreaks have been associated with the consumption of native foods, but in recent years outbreaks have occurred in previously unaffected areas and have involved new food items. Five botulism outbreaks occurred between 1975 and 1985 in an area of southwestern Alaska without previous confirmed outbreaks and among one ethnic group, the Yupik Eskimo. Of the 5 outbreaks, 3 were associated with fermented beaver tail, a nontraditional native food recently introduced into the region. Preparation techniques vary widely within villages and among ethnic groups. Traditional fermentation techniques have changed over the past 50 years; current preparation methods used by some families and ethnic groups may be more favorable for Clostridium botulinum growth. Prevention efforts should be targeted at high-risk subgroups of Alaska Natives who appear to have modified traditional practices and increased their risk of food-borne botulism.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1850.
Cites: J Bacteriol. 1967 Apr;93(4):1461-25340312
Cites: Appl Microbiol. 1969 Nov;18(5):950-14905610
Cites: Appl Microbiol. 1972 Feb;23(2):427-84552895
Cites: Can Med Assoc J. 1974 Jan 19;110(2):191-7 passim4855671
Cites: Can J Public Health. 1963 Jul;54:293-30814028483
Cites: JAMA. 1976 Jan 5;235(1):35-8945998
Cites: Alaska Med. 1976 Jul;18(4):47-9970583
Cites: CMAJ. 1985 Dec 1;133(11):1141-62866023
Cites: J Infect Dis. 1988 Jun;157(6):1158-623373020
Cites: Can J Microbiol. 1975 Jun;21(6):920-61097074
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Intradermal test in the detection of trichinosis. Further observations on two outbreaks due to bear meat in Alaska

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1621
Source
New England Journal of Medicine. 1964 Jan 2;270(1):1-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1964
Author
Maynard, J.E.
Kagan, I.G.
Author Affiliation
Arctic Health Research Center
Source
New England Journal of Medicine. 1964 Jan 2;270(1):1-6
Date
Jan-1964
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Bethel
Epidemics
Goodnews Bay
Mekoryuk
Melcher's antigens
Trichinella spiralis
Trichinosis
Abstract
During the fall and winter of 1960-61, among Eskimo families at Bethel and Goodnews Bay, Alaska, there was an outbreak of trichinosis, totaling 24 cases, due to the ingestion of the meat of both black and brown bear. All cases were confirmed serologically and epidemiologically and included 18 clinical and 6 subclinical infections. The high rate of false-negative reactions in confirmed clinical infections, coupled with the high rate of positive reactions in persons with no clinical illness, considerably complicated the interpretation of the skin-test readings for diagnostic purposes. A review of the literature on trichinella skin testing indicated that lack of suitable case and control-group studies, as well as of consistent standardization of skin-test antigens and standard interpretation of the skin-test reaction itself, has precluded adequate evaluation of the role of the intradermal test both in epidemiologic survey and as a diagnostic adjunct. The presence of a relatively large number of cases in which the clinical and epidemiologic diagnosis was clear cut and the existence of a comparable control group in the area led to the initiation of a controlled study of two trichina skin-test antigens prepared at the Communicable Disease Center, in series with the commercial antigen administered and interpreted according to rigorously defined criteria. This paper presents the results of this study.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2111.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 895.
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Malignant tumors in Alaskan Eskimos: Unique predominance of carcinoma of the esophagus in Alaskan Eskimo women

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1203
Source
Cancer. 1964 Sep;17(9):1187-1195
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1964
Author
Hurst, E.E.
Author Affiliation
New England Deaconess Hospital (Boston)
Source
Cancer. 1964 Sep;17(9):1187-1195
Date
Sep-1964
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Akiak
Alaska
Barrow
Buckland
Carcinoma of the cervix
Carcinoma of the colon and rectum
Carcinoma of the esophagus
Carcinoma of the liver
Carcinoma of the salivary gland
Carcinoma of the skin
Carcinoma of the thyroid
Carcinoma of the uterus
Goodnews Bay
Kipnuk
Nightmute
Unalakleet
Abstract
The study of tumors in primitive groups of people at times discloses peculiarities of incidence. Further study of these peculiarities may add a little to the general understanding of tumors. The incidence and variety of malignant tumors among Eskimos are largely unknown. Fog-Poulsen was the first to report a malignant tumor in an Eskimo in 1949. Brown et a1. gave the second report of a malignant tumor in an Eskimo in 1952. Gottmanns has recently reported autopsies on 57 AlaskanEskimos that revealed 11 malignant tumors. In the present paper, 76 malignant tumors are reported that were diagnosed in AlaskanEskimos during the first 6 years of operation of the Alaskan Native Hospital in Anchorage.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2155.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 962.
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Otitis media surgery -- long term effects.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2498
Source
Pages 360-363 in B. Harvald and J.P. Hart Hansen, eds. Circumpolar Health 81. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, 5th, Copenhagen, 9-13 August, 1981.
Publication Type
Article
Date
[1982?]
  1 document  
Author
Tower, E.A.
Author Affiliation
Alaska Department of Health and Social Services
Source
Pages 360-363 in B. Harvald and J.P. Hart Hansen, eds. Circumpolar Health 81. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, 5th, Copenhagen, 9-13 August, 1981.
Date
[1982?]
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Adenotonsillectomy
Akiachuk
Alakanuk
Chevak
Ekwok
Emmonak
Goodnews Bay
Hooper Bay
Kasigluk
Koliganek
Kotlik
Kwethluk
Manokotak
Mountain Village
New Stuyahok
Otitis media
Pilot Station
Quinhagak
Surgery
Togiak
Tympanoplasty
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2457.
Documents
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Permanent cardiac pacemakers in Alaska Natives with complete heart block.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1314
Source
Journal of the American Medical Association. 213(10):1683-1685.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1970
Author
Katz, G.A.
Hood, Jr., F.R.
Source
Journal of the American Medical Association. 213(10):1683-1685.
Date
1970
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Kotzebue
Emmonak
Goodnews Bay
Point Hope
Hooper Bay
Savoonga
Gambell
Barrow
St. Mary's
Unalakleet
Kipnuk
Cardiac pacemakers
Cardiac arrhythmia
Surgery
Aged
Alaska
Cardiomegaly - complications
Electrocardiography
Female
Heart Block - complications - therapy
Heart Failure, Congestive - complications
Humans
Indians, North American
Inuits
Male
Pacemaker, Artificial
Pulse
Rural Population
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2539.
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Prevalence of anemia in Eskimo children: a pilot study in seven villages of southwestern Alaska.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1563
Source
Unpublished. Alaska Activities, Center for Disease Control, Anchorage, AK. Unpaged.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1976
Author
Margolis, H.S.
Author Affiliation
U.S. Centers for Disease Control
Source
Unpublished. Alaska Activities, Center for Disease Control, Anchorage, AK. Unpaged.
Date
1976
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Goodnews Bay
Togiak
Twin Hills
Manokotak
New Stuyahok
Ekwok
Koliganek
Anemia
Hemoglobin
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2255.
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Recommendations for improvements and alternatives to the honey bucket haul system for Alaska villages.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1281
Source
M.S. thesis. University of Alaska Anchorage. 197 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1990
Author
Johnson, M.S.
Author Affiliation
University of Alaska Anchorage
Source
M.S. thesis. University of Alaska Anchorage. 197 pp.
Date
1990
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Selawik
Alakanuk
Chefornak
Newtok
Quinhagak
Napakiak
Napaskiak
Akiachuk
Kwethluk
St. Michael
Stebbins
Shishmaref
Buckland
Chauthbaluk
Brevig Mission
Hooper Bay
Kaniganak
Koyuk
Eek
Oscarville
Sheldon's Point
Chevak
Kotlik
Goodnews Bay
Deering
Nunapitchuk
Kipnuk
Pitka's Point
Waste management
Sewage systems
Sanitation
Notes
Alaska Medical Library - From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 801.
UAA/APU Consortium, Alaskana Collection TD929.J64 1990
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Trichinosis in western Alaska; a report of outbreaks at Bethel and Goodnews Bay 1960-61. [Abstract]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1622
Source
Pages 189-190 in Science in Alaska 1961. Proceedings, 12th Alaskan Science Conference. Also American Journal of Hygiene. 76(3):252-261.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1962
Author
Maynard, J.E.
Pauls, F.P.
Author Affiliation
Arctic Health Research Center
Source
Pages 189-190 in Science in Alaska 1961. Proceedings, 12th Alaskan Science Conference. Also American Journal of Hygiene. 76(3):252-261.
Date
1962
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Bethel
Goodnews Bay
Epidemics
Trichinosis
Zoonosis
Trichinella spiralis
Bentonite flocculation test
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2112.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 894.
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Source
Hygeia. December:1099-1102, 1152.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1938
Author
Garber, C.M.
Source
Hygeia. December:1099-1102, 1152.
Date
1938
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Akiak
Akiachuk
Bethel
Eek
Goodnews Bay
Hamilton
Hooper Bay
Mountain Village
Mekoryuk
Kwigillingok
Quinhagak
Russian Mission
Tununak
Kotlik
Kalskag
Kipnuk
Tuluksak
Keengegan
Health services
Diet, traditional
Epidemics
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 446.
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9 records – page 1 of 1.