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11 records – page 1 of 2.

Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1996 Aug 30;116(20):2495-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-30-1996
Author
R D Adobor
S. Appiah
A. Dicko
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1996 Aug 30;116(20):2495-6
Date
Aug-30-1996
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - psychology - transmission
Attitude to Health
Gambia - epidemiology - ethnology
HIV Infections - epidemiology - psychology - transmission
Humans
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Prejudice
Notes
Comment In: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1996 Sep 10;116(21):2607-88928136
PubMed ID
8928114 View in PubMed
Less detail

Antibody reactivities to glutamate-rich peptides of Plasmodium falciparum parasites in humans from areas of different malaria endemicity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature34615
Source
APMIS. 1996 Oct;104(10):734-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1996
Author
P H Jakobsen
T G Theander
L. Hviid
S. Morris-Jones
J B Jensen
R A Bayoumi
B M Greenwood
I C Bygbjerg
P M Heegaard
Author Affiliation
Department of Infectious Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital (Rigshospitalet), Denmark.
Source
APMIS. 1996 Oct;104(10):734-40
Date
Oct-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Amino Acid Sequence
Animals
Antibodies, Protozoan - immunology
Antibody Specificity
Antigens, Protozoan
Denmark - epidemiology
Endemic Diseases
Female
Gambia - epidemiology
Glutamates - chemistry - immunology
Humans
Indonesia - epidemiology
Longitudinal Studies
Malaria, Falciparum - epidemiology - immunology
Male
Middle Aged
Molecular Sequence Data
Plasmodium falciparum - immunology
Protozoan Proteins - chemical synthesis - immunology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Sudan - epidemiology
Abstract
Synthetic P. falciparum peptides were evaluated as tools in epidemiological investigations of malaria. Plasma IgM and IgG antibody reactivities against synthetic peptides covering sequences of glutamate-rich protein (GLURP) and acidic-basic repeat antigen (ABRA) were measured by ELISA in individuals from malaria-endemic areas of Sudan, Indonesia and The Gambia to study antibody responses to these peptides in donors living in areas of different malaria endemicity. IgG and IgM reactivities to the peptides increased with malaria endemicity, although there were no differences in reactivities to the GLURP peptide between non-exposed donors and donors living in areas of low malaria endemicity. IgG reactivities to the GLURP peptide in Sudanese adults were high one month after treatment in all adults tested, while IgG reactivities to the ABRA peptide were infrequent. IgM responses to the peptides tested were shortlived in most patients. In Gambian children with malaria, IgM reactivities but not IgG antibody reactivities against the ABRA peptide were higher in those with mild malaria than in those with severe malaria. The peptides may be useful in future epidemiological studies, especially in areas of low malaria endemicity.
PubMed ID
8980624 View in PubMed
Less detail

Cluster randomization in large public health trials: the importance of antecedent data.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24512
Source
Stat Med. 1992 Feb 15;11(3):307-16
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-15-1992
Author
S W Duffy
M C South
N E Day
Author Affiliation
MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, U.K.
Source
Stat Med. 1992 Feb 15;11(3):307-16
Date
Feb-15-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Neoplasms - prevention & control
Cluster analysis
Data Collection
Female
Gambia
Humans
Public Health
Randomized Controlled Trials
Research Design
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Scotland
Sweden
Abstract
Large-scale public health trials are often randomized by geographic or administrative clusters, for reasons of financial or organizational exigency. In this paper, we deal with the situation where the dependent variable is a count of events, such as mortality from, or incidence of a given disease. Simulation results show that this design may decrease power by more than 50 per cent. The lost power can largely be replaced by incorporating information on the dependent variable, within clusters, before the start of the trial. The pretrial and trial data can be analysed by negative trinomial models.
PubMed ID
1609172 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Computer assessment of the diet in Gambia]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature62519
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1975 Sep 8;137(37):2152-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-8-1975
Author
M L Madsen
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1975 Sep 8;137(37):2152-4
Date
Sep-8-1975
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Comparative Study
Computers
Denmark
Diet
English Abstract
Food Habits
Gambia
Humans
Nutrition Surveys
PubMed ID
1166553 View in PubMed
Less detail

Evaluation of T cell subsets by an immunocytochemical method compared to flow cytometry in four countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature7732
Source
Scand J Immunol. 1997 Jun;45(6):637-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1997
Author
I M Lisse
B. Böttiger
L B Christensen
K. Knudsen
P. Aaby
A. Gottschau
W. Urassa
F. Mhalu
G. Biberfeld
K. Brattegaard
K. Diallo
P T N'Gom
H. Whittle
Author Affiliation
Department of Pathology, Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark.
Source
Scand J Immunol. 1997 Jun;45(6):637-44
Date
Jun-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alkaline phosphatase
Antibodies
CD4 Lymphocyte Count - methods
CD4-CD8 Ratio - methods
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes - immunology
Comparative Study
Cote d'Ivoire
Denmark
Female
Flow Cytometry - methods - statistics & numerical data
Gambia
Humans
Immunohistochemistry - methods - statistics & numerical data
Male
Reproducibility of Results
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sensitivity and specificity
T-Lymphocyte Subsets - immunology
Tanzania
Abstract
The authors tested an alternative method for CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes enumeration, the immunoalkaline phosphatase method (IA), in three African countries and in Denmark. The IA determinations from 136 HIV antibody positive and 105 HIV antibody negative individuals were compared to the corresponding results obtained by flow cytometry (FC) performed in the respective countries. The authors found good correspondence between the two methods for measurements of CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes independent of serological status and geographical site. However, the CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes values obtained by the two methods are not interchangeable as IA compared to FC consistently gives higher percentage of CD4 T lymphocytes, and lower percentage of CD8 T lymphocytes. Mean differences between the two methods did not differ between the three African countries indicating that the IA method provides systematic results. Replicate measurements suggested good correspondence between results obtained by IA. By using an IA level of
PubMed ID
9201303 View in PubMed
Less detail

The global response to HIV in men who have sex with men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature274917
Source
Lancet. 2016 Jul 9;388(10040):198-206
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-9-2016
Author
Chris Beyrer
Stefan D Baral
Chris Collins
Eugene T Richardson
Patrick S Sullivan
Jorge Sanchez
Gift Trapence
Elly Katabira
Michel Kazatchkine
Owen Ryan
Andrea L Wirtz
Kenneth H Mayer
Source
Lancet. 2016 Jul 9;388(10040):198-206
Date
Jul-9-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anti-HIV Agents - therapeutic use
Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active - methods
Bisexuality
China - epidemiology
Epidemics
Gambia - epidemiology
Global health
Great Britain - epidemiology
HIV Infections - drug therapy - epidemiology - prevention & control
Homosexuality, Male
Human Rights
Humans
Incidence
Kenya - epidemiology
Legislation as Topic
Male
Minority Groups
Nigeria - epidemiology
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis - methods
Russia - epidemiology
Sexual Behavior
Thailand - epidemiology
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to have disproportionately high burdens of HIV infection in countries of low, middle, and high income in 2016. 4 years after publication of a Lancet Series on MSM and HIV, progress on reducing HIV incidence, expanding sustained access to treatment, and realising human rights gains for MSM remains markedly uneven and fraught with challenges. Incidence densities in MSM are unacceptably high in countries as diverse as China, Kenya, Thailand, the UK, and the USA, with substantial disparities observed in specific communities of MSM including young and minority populations. Although some settings have achieved sufficient coverage of treatment, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and human rights protections for sexual and gender minorities to change the trajectory of the HIV epidemic in MSM, these are exceptions. The roll-out of PrEP has been notably slow and coverage nowhere near what will be required for full use of this new preventive approach. Despite progress on issues such as marriage equality and decriminalisation of same-sex behaviour in some countries, there has been a marked increase in anti-gay legislation in many countries, including Nigeria, Russia, and The Gambia. The global epidemic of HIV in MSM is ongoing, and global efforts to address it remain insufficient. This must change if we are ever to truly achieve an AIDS-free generation.
PubMed ID
27411880 View in PubMed
Less detail

Melioidosis and renal failure in a Dutch man after a trip to Gambia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature278611
Source
Neth J Med. 2015 Jul;73(6):296-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2015
Author
F. Morelli
L. Smeets
M. Hobijn
H. Boom
Source
Neth J Med. 2015 Jul;73(6):296-8
Date
Jul-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Burkholderia pseudomallei - isolation & purification
Denmark - epidemiology
Endemic Diseases
Gambia - ethnology
Humans
Male
Melioidosis - complications - ethnology - microbiology
Middle Aged
Renal Insufficiency - ethnology - etiology
Travel
Abstract
Melioidosis is due to Burkholderia pseudomallei and is known to be endemic in South-East Asia, while epidemiology of disease in Sub-Saharan Africa is still unclear. Prompt recognition of infection is crucial for adequate antibiotic treatment. Infection can lead to visceral abcesses and awareness of this complication is important for proper management.
PubMed ID
26228196 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Bibl Nutr Dieta. 1996;(53):23-36
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996

[The concentration of aflatoxin in groundnut meal imported to Norway 1968-1973 (author's transl)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature75693
Source
Nord Vet Med. 1974 Dec;26(12):713-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1974

11 records – page 1 of 2.