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Differences in Danish children's diet quality on weekdays v. weekend days.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature124085
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2012 Sep;15(9):1653-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2012
Author
Berit W Rothausen
Jeppe Matthiessen
Camilla Hoppe
Per B Brockhoff
Lene F Andersen
Inge Tetens
Author Affiliation
Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK-2860 Søborg, Denmark. bewro@food.dtu.dk
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2012 Sep;15(9):1653-60
Date
Sep-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Beverages
Body mass index
Body Weight
Carbohydrates - administration & dosage
Child
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Child, Preschool
Choice Behavior
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Diet
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fiber - administration & dosage
Educational Status
Energy intake
Female
Food Habits
Food Preferences
Fruit
Humans
Male
Meals
Motor Activity
Nutrition Assessment
Nutritive Value
Obesity - prevention & control
Overweight - prevention & control
Parents
Regression Analysis
Time Factors
Vegetables
Abstract
To compare differences in children's diet quality on weekdays (Monday-Thursday), Fridays and weekend days.
A representative cross-sectional study in which participants completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Mean intakes of energy, macronutrients and selected food items (g/10 MJ) as well as energy density were compared between weekdays, Fridays and weekend days for each gender in three age groups (4-6, 7-10 and 11-14 years) using Tobit analysis to account for zero intakes.
The Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003-2008.
Children (n 784; 49·9 % boys) aged 4-14 years.
For both genders in all age groups (P
PubMed ID
22625874 View in PubMed
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Do descriptive norms related to parents and friends predict fruit and vegetable intake similarly among 11-year-old girls and boys?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature271271
Source
Br J Nutr. 2016 Jan 14;115(1):168-75
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-14-2016
Author
Elviira Lehto
Carola Ray
Ari Haukkala
Agneta Yngve
Inga Thorsdottir
Eva Roos
Source
Br J Nutr. 2016 Jan 14;115(1):168-75
Date
Jan-14-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude
Child
Diet - standards
Eating
Energy intake
Female
Finland
Food Habits
Food Preferences
Friends
Fruit
Humans
Male
Parents
Sex Factors
Social Environment
Surveys and Questionnaires
Vegetables
Abstract
We examined whether there are sex differences in children's fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and in descriptive norms (i.e. perceived FV intake) related to parents and friends. We also studied whether friends' impact is as important as that of parents on children's FV intake. Data from the PRO GREENS project in Finland were obtained from 424 children at the age 11 years at baseline. At baseline, 2009 children filled in a questionnaire about descriptive norms conceptualised as perceived FV intake of their parents and friends. They also filled in a validated FFQ that assessed their FV intake both at baseline and in the follow-up in 2010. The associations were examined with multi-level regression analyses with multi-group comparisons. Girls reported higher perceived FV intake of friends and higher own fruit intake at baseline, compared with boys, and higher vegetable intake both at baseline and in the follow-up. Perceived FV intake of parents and friends was positively associated with both girls' and boys' FV intake in both study years. The impact of perceived fruit intake of the mother was stronger among boys. The change in children's FV intake was affected only by perceived FV intake of father and friends. No large sex differences in descriptive norms were found, but the impact of friends on children's FV intake can generally be considered as important as that of parents. Future interventions could benefit from taking into account friends' impact as role models on children's FV intake.
PubMed ID
26450715 View in PubMed
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