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The Grocery Store Food Environment in Northern Greenland and Its Implications for the Health of Reproductive Age Women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297964
Source
J Community Health. 2018 02; 43(1):175-185
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Date
02-2018
Author
Zoe A Watson
Carmen Byker Shanks
Mary P Miles
Elizabeth Rink
Author Affiliation
Department of Health and Human Development, Montana State University, P.O. Box 173540, Bozeman, MT, 59717-3540, USA. zoealvira.watson@gmail.com.
Source
J Community Health. 2018 02; 43(1):175-185
Date
02-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Keywords
Adult
Female
Food Supply
Fruit
Greenland
Humans
Nutrition Policy
Vegetables
Women's health
Abstract
The population of Greenland is diminishing and environmental and social shifts implicate food availability and the health of reproductive age women. There is little knowledge of the grocery store food environment in Greenland. To address this gap and provide baseline information the present study measured food availability in five grocery stores in northern Greenland. As well, 15 interviews were conducted with reproductive age women, three grocery store managers were interviewed and one interview was conducted with a food distribution manager. Results show few fresh fruits and vegetables are available in grocery stores and in some stores no fresh foods are available. In Kullorsuaq, the primary location for this study, the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores score in spring 2016 was (3/30) and the Freedman Grocery Store Survey Score was (11/49). Interview results highlight a need to increase communication within the food system and to tailor food distribution policies to the Arctic context with longer term planning protocols for food distribution. These findings can be used to inform future food store environment research in Greenland and for informing policies that improve healthful food availability in grocery stores in northern Greenland.
PubMed ID
28689340 View in PubMed
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Polyphenol-rich juices reduce blood pressure measures in a randomised controlled trial in high normal and hypertensive volunteers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268721
Source
Br J Nutr. 2015 Oct 14;114(7):1054-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-14-2015
Author
Torunn Elisabeth Tjelle
Linda Holtung
Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn
Kjersti Aaby
Magne Thoresen
Siv Åshild Wiik
Ingvild Paur
Anette Solli Karlsen
Kjetil Retterstøl
Per Ole Iversen
Rune Blomhoff
Source
Br J Nutr. 2015 Oct 14;114(7):1054-63
Date
Oct-14-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Antioxidants - pharmacology
Blood Pressure - drug effects
Double-Blind Method
Female
Fruit - chemistry
Fruit and Vegetable Juices - analysis
Humans
Hypertension - drug therapy
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Photinia - chemistry
Polyphenols - pharmacology
Prunus - chemistry
Vaccinium myrtillus - chemistry
Vitis - chemistry
Abstract
Intake of fruits and berries may lower blood pressure (BP), most probably due to the high content of polyphenols. In the present study, we tested whether consumption of two polyphenol-rich juices could lower BP. In a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of 12 weeks, 134 healthy individuals, aged 50-70 years, with high normal range BP (130/85-139/89 mmHg, seventy-two subjects) or stage 1-2 hypertension (140/90-179/109 mmHg, sixty-two subjects), were included. They consumed 500 ml/d of one of either (1) a commercially available polyphenol-rich juice based on red grapes, cherries, chokeberries and bilberries; (2) a juice similar to (1) but enriched with polyphenol-rich extracts from blackcurrant press-residue or (3) a placebo juice (polyphenol contents 245·5, 305·2 and 76 mg/100 g, respectively). Resting BP was measured three times, with a 1 min interval, at baseline and after 6 and 12 weeks of intervention. Systolic BP significantly reduced over time (6 and 12 weeks, respectively) in the pooled juice group compared with the placebo group in the first of the three measurements, both for the whole study group (6·9 and 3·4 mmHg; P= 0·01) and even more pronounced in the hypertensive subjects when analysed separately (7·3 and 6·8 mmHg; P= 0·04). The variation in the BP measurements was significantly reduced in the pooled juice group compared with the placebo group (1·4 and 1·7 mmHg; P= 0·03). In conclusion, the present findings suggest that polyphenol-rich berry juice may contribute to a BP- and BP variability lowering effect, being more pronounced in hypertensive than in normotensive subjects.
PubMed ID
26227795 View in PubMed
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[Nutrition value of national milk products with the addition of wild berries and wild food plants of Yakutia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature289852
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2015; 84(6):132-40
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
2015
Author
U M Lebedeva
A F Abramov
K M Stepanov
V T Vasilyeva
A A Efimova
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2015; 84(6):132-40
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Cultured Milk Products - analysis
Eating
Female
Food analysis
Fruit
Humans
Male
Nutritive Value
Siberia
Abstract
Results of an assessment of the actual food of the population in various medicoeconomic zones of the republic (industrial, agricultural, Arctic) by method of the frequency analysis of food consumption are presented in the article. The analysis of control of compliance of quality and safety of foodstuff in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), according to requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation, acts of the Customs union has been made. Decreased consumption of such foodstuff as milk, fish and meat products including products from local food staples and national dishes has been established. The data obtained are medic-biological justification for search of ways of optimization of population nutrition, creation of specialized products with a functional purpose and for the prevention of the states and diseases connected with nutrition violation. They also define innovative development of the republic in questions of biotechnologies of the production of specialized foods for various groups of the population. Results of chemical composition research of the most used wild-growing food plants of Yakutia are given. The questions connected with the nutrition and biological value of the dairy products of a functional purpose with use of wild-growing food herbs and berries of Yakutia are discussed.
PubMed ID
29378108 View in PubMed
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[Biological markers for the intake of fruit and vegetables].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature200175
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1999 Sep 30;119(23):3421-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-30-1999
Author
L F Andersen
Author Affiliation
Institutt for ernaeringsforskning, Universitetet i Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1999 Sep 30;119(23):3421-6
Date
Sep-30-1999
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biological Markers - blood
Carotenoids - blood
Diet Surveys
Eating
Female
Fruit
Humans
Male
Norway
Vegetables
Abstract
No available dietary assessment method is without error in measuring dietary intake. This has led to an increased interest in biological markers of dietary intake. This article is a review of the literature investigating whether the concentration of carotenoids in blood can serve as biological markers for the intake of fruit and vegetables. The literature indicates an association between intake of fruit and vegetables and the concentration of total carotenoids, alfa-carotene, beta-carotene, lutein and beta-cryptoxanthin in plasma. The same association was not observed for plasma lycopene. Results from several studies also indicate that plasma alfa-carotene and plasma total carotenoids are more suitable as biological markers of the intake of fruit and vegetables than the other carotenoids. As there are large individual variations in the plasma carotenoid response after intake, carotenoids in blood will be a better marker of intake at group level than individual level. Furthermore, the average value from several measurements of carotenoids in blood will be a better marker of long-term intake than a single measurement. Several factors in addition to fruit and vegetables influence the concentration of carotenoids in blood. It is important to assess these factors when carotenoids in blood are used as biological markers of the intake of fruit and vegetables.
PubMed ID
10553339 View in PubMed
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Does school environment affect 11-year-olds' fruit and vegetable intake in Denmark?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature89819
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2009 Apr;68(8):1416-24
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2009
Author
Krølner Rikke
Due Pernille
Rasmussen Mette
Damsgaard Mogens Trab
Holstein Bjørn E
Klepp Knut-Inge
Lynch John
Author Affiliation
Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. r.kolner@pubhealth.ku.dk
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2009 Apr;68(8):1416-24
Date
Apr-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Denmark
Diet Surveys
Female
Fruit
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Schools
Social Environment
Vegetables
Abstract
It is often found that adolescents eat too little fruit and vegetables. We examined the importance of school for 11-year-olds' daily intake measured by food frequency- and 24-h recall questionnaires in Danish data from the European 2003 Pro Children Survey. Multilevel logistic regression analyses included matched student-parent-school questionnaire data (N=1410) from a random sample of 59 schools and were conducted for fruit and vegetables separately: 1) without explanatory variables, to decompose the between-school and within-school variance; 2) with individual level covariates (socioeconomic position, parental intake, etc.) to examine if the between-school variance was attributable to different student compositions of schools; and 3) with individual- and school-level covariates (school availability of fruit/vegetables and unhealthy food) to examine the effect of context. Additional analyses stratified by gender and home availability of fruit/vegetables examined if school food availability influenced subgroups differently. Between-school variations were quantified by intra class correlations and median odds ratios. We found that 40% of the students ate > or = 200 g fruit/day and 25% ate > or = 130 g vegetables/day. Most of the total variance in students' intake occurred at the individual level (93-98%). There were larger between-school variations in vegetable intake than in fruit intake. Fruit and vegetable consumption clustered within schools to a larger degree for boys than girls. The between-school variance did not differ by home availability. Boys and students from high availability homes consumed more fruit and/or vegetables if enrolled in schools with access to fruit/vegetables and unhealthy food or contrarily with no food available versus schools with only fruit/vegetables available. The small school-level effects on 11-year-olds' fruit and vegetable intake imply that family level interventions may be more important and that the success of school interventions will rely on the degree of parental involvement.
PubMed ID
19251345 View in PubMed
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[Children should eat more fruit and vegetables. Results of PRO GREENS].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature127480
Source
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2012 Feb;55(2):254-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2012
Author
I. Behrendt
M. Krawinkel
Author Affiliation
Institut für Ernährungswissenschaften, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Wilhelmstr. 20, 35392, Gießen, Deutschland. Isabel.Behrendt@ernaehrung.uni-giessen.de
Source
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2012 Feb;55(2):254-9
Date
Feb-2012
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child Welfare
Diet Surveys
Female
Food Habits
Fruit
Germany - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Vegetables
Abstract
A diet rich in fruits and vegetables in schoolchildren is important for the physical and cognitive development of the child as well as for the prevention of nutrition-related diseases. In Germany, 816 schoolchildren (boys and girls, aged 10-13 years) from 14 public schools in the central region of Hesse were asked about their fruit and vegetable intake in May 2009. The results show that the mean fruit intake is 185 g fruit per day and 83 g vegetables per day in all schoolchildren. There is no significant difference in the amounts of fruit consumed by boys and girls. Regarding the amounts of consumed vegetables, there is a significant difference between gender (p?=?0.004). Schoolchildren eat fruits more frequently than vegetables. Furthermore, they prefer sweet fruits and convenient vegetables. German schoolchildren still do not reach national recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake, although current results show slightly equal or rather lower intake levels for fruits, but not for vegetables, in comparison to other national studies (e.g., National Consumption Study II, Donald Study, and EsKiMo Study). Health-promotion strategies should focus on both fruit and vegetable consumption to ensure a large variety of food choices and nutrient intake.
PubMed ID
22290170 View in PubMed
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Qualitative investigation of differences in benefits and challenges of eating fruits versus vegetables as perceived by Canadian women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174885
Source
J Nutr Educ Behav. 2005 Mar-Apr;37(2):77-82
Publication Type
Article
Author
Judith Paisley
Sandy Skrzypczyk
Author Affiliation
School of Nutrition, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 2K5. j2paisle@ryerson.ca
Source
J Nutr Educ Behav. 2005 Mar-Apr;37(2):77-82
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Eating - psychology
Female
Fruit
Health promotion
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Ontario
Tape Recording
Vegetables
Abstract
This study examined the perceived differences in benefits and challenges relating to fruit versus vegetable consumption among a purposive, convenience sample of Canadian women.
This inductive, qualitative study involved 8 semistructured group interviews conducted by an experienced moderator.
Interviews were conducted at public health units in southern Ontario.
Forty-seven women, aged 20 to 44 years, were recruited through existing community programs and newspaper advertisements.
The constant comparison method of data analysis was used to identify overarching themes.
Five themes were identified: (1) fruits "fill the gap between meals" (the main benefit); (2) concern about "pesticides and parasites and bacteria"; and (3) "How can something look so good and have no taste?" (main challenges of eating fruit); (4) vegetables make meals "appealing" (main benefit); and (5) the "social" dimension of eating vegetables (main challenge).
Participants readily described different benefits and challenges relating to consumption of fruits versus vegetables. Tailored nutrition messages addressing perceived differences in the benefits and challenges for eating fruits versus vegetables may be needed to encourage increased consumption of these foods. Further research can determine whether these perceptions are widely held.
PubMed ID
15882483 View in PubMed
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Comparison of buffet and à la carte serving at worksite canteens on nutrient intake and fruit and vegetable consumption.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature78860
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2007 Mar;10(3):292-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2007
Author
Lassen A.
Hansen Ks
Trolle E.
Author Affiliation
Department of Nutrition, Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, Søborg, Denmark. ann@dfvf.dk
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2007 Mar;10(3):292-7
Date
Mar-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Choice Behavior
Energy Intake - physiology
Female
Food Preferences
Food Services
Fruit
Health Behavior
Humans
Male
Vegetables
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional composition of worksite canteen lunches and to examine the impact of two meal serving systems on employee intake, i.e. buffet style with a fixed price for a varied number of dishes and à la carte style with a separate price for each item on the menu. DESIGN: Laboratory technicians observed employees' food selection and collected identical dishes. Food items were weighed separately to calculate the content of fruit and vegetables. The content of protein, fat and ash of each dish was chemically analysed and the carbohydrate and energy content calculated. SETTING: Fifteen randomly chosen worksite canteens in Denmark: eight canteens serving buffet style and seven canteens with an à la carte line. SUBJECTS: one hundred and eighty randomly chosen employees having lunch at the worksite canteens. RESULTS: The average percentage energy from fat was 37 +/- 12 among men and 33 +/- 12 among women. No association was found between the meal serving system and energy intake or macronutrient composition. Eating at canteens serving buffet style, on the other hand, was associated with an increased intake of fruit and vegetables, on average 76 g, and a lower energy density of the food for both genders. CONCLUSION: The results highlight the possibilities of promoting healthy food choices in the catering sector and the need to identify models of healthy catering practice. Serving buffet style appears to be a promising strategy in order to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in food served away from home.
PubMed ID
17288627 View in PubMed
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Laypeople blog about fruit and vegetables for self-expression and dietary influence.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134797
Source
Health Commun. 2011 Oct;26(7):621-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2011
Author
Anna-Mari Simunaniemi
Helena Sandberg
Agneta Andersson
Margaretha Nydahl
Author Affiliation
Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Uppsala, Sweden. anna-mari.simunaniemi@ikv.uu.se
Source
Health Commun. 2011 Oct;26(7):621-30
Date
Oct-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Blogging
Diet
Female
Fruit
Humans
Male
Motivation
Sex Factors
Sweden
Vegetables
Young Adult
Abstract
Private health information websites run by laypeople are more often visited than websites of official agencies. Understanding the role of weblogs in dietetic communication-i.e., sharing personal perceptions on healthy eating-is still lacking. This study aims to describe the nature of noncommercial Swedish blogs with fruits and vegetables (F&V)-related content and to identify different blogger types. A qualitative content analysis with abduction was performed on 50 weblogs. Most bloggers presented themselves as women. Only one-third reported their age (range 17 to over 50 years). The bloggers had either an active or passive influential purpose, and they approached F&V through either lived or mediated experiences. From these two dimensions, four F&V blogger ideal types were identified: the Persuader, the Authority, the Exhibitionist, and the Mediator. Particularly women wrote about their lived experiences close to the personal level, whereas men were more equally distributed across the different ideal types. Self-expression (typical for the Exhibitionist) and purpose to influence others' diets (typical for the Persuader and the Authority) were frequently expressed in these weblogs. The current findings on blogging purposes, approaches, and F&V blogger types may help to improve online dietetic communication, which sets new challenges for media strategies of health and nutritional professionals.
PubMed ID
21541865 View in PubMed
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Brassica vegetables and breast cancer risk.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature19710
Source
JAMA. 2001 Jun 20;285(23):2975-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-20-2001
Author
P. Terry
A. Wolk
I. Persson
C. Magnusson
Source
JAMA. 2001 Jun 20;285(23):2975-7
Date
Jun-20-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Brassica
Breast Neoplasms - epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Diet
Female
Fruit
Humans
Middle Aged
Postmenopause
Sweden - epidemiology
Notes
Comment On: JAMA. 2001 Feb 14;285(6):769-7611176915
Comment On: JAMA. 2001 Feb 14;285(6):799-80111176919
PubMed ID
11410091 View in PubMed
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373 records – page 1 of 38.