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Dental status, diet and cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged people in northern Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54842
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1994 Dec;22(6):431-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1994
Author
I. Johansson
P. Tidehag
V. Lundberg
G. Hallmans
Author Affiliation
Department of Nutritional Research, University of Umeå, Sweden.
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1994 Dec;22(6):431-6
Date
Dec-1994
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Comparative Study
Dentition
Diet
Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Dietary Fiber - administration & dosage
Energy intake
Female
Fruit
Heart Diseases - epidemiology
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia - epidemiology
Hypertension - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Mouth, Edentulous - epidemiology
Obesity - epidemiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Smoking - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Vegetables
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to compare the dietary intake and the levels of traditional cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors in edentulous middle-aged individuals and individuals of the same age and sex who still had natural teeth. The study was performed within the framework of the MONICA-project. Population registers were used to sample randomly 1287 men and 1330 women aged 25-64 yr. Data were collected from a mailed questionnaire, blood analyses, registrations of blood pressure and anthropometric measures. The estimated daily energy intake did not differ between the two groups, but edentulous men and women ate more sweet snacks compared to those who still had teeth. Edentulous men also ate less fruits, vegetables and fibre and edentulous women ate more fat than dentates. Edentulous men and women were more obese and had lower serum HDL-cholesterol concentrations than those with remaining teeth. Edentulous women also had significantly higher concentrations of total cholesterol and triglycerides in serum than dentate women. Edentulous men and women were more often regular smokers, but not snuff users, than dentates of the same age and sex. Thus, the presence of two or more cardiovascular risk factors was more common in edentulous individuals than in those who still had natural teeth. In summary, these results support the hypothesis that edentulous middle-aged individuals have a more unfavourable risk factor profile for CVD. Counselling on balanced dietary habits and non-smoking given by dental personnel to orally diseased patients--recommendations given to improve resistance to dental caries or periodontitis--might therefore improve general health and possibly also improve risk factors for CVD.
PubMed ID
7882658 View in PubMed
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