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Deliberate control in a natural fertility population: southern Sweden, 1766-1864.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature79082
Source
Demography. 2006 Nov;43(4):727-46
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2006
Author
Bengtsson Tommy
Dribe Martin
Author Affiliation
Department of Economic History, Lund University, P.O. Box 7083, 220 07 Lund, Sweden. Tommy.Bengtsson@ekh.lu.se
Source
Demography. 2006 Nov;43(4):727-46
Date
Nov-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Contraception Behavior - history - psychology
Decision Making
Family Planning Services - economics - history - utilization
Female
Food Supply - economics
History, 18th Century
History, 19th Century
Humans
Life Change Events
Male
Middle Aged
Parturition
Rural Population - history
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors
Survival Analysis
Sweden
Time Factors
Abstract
In this article, we analyze fertility control in a rural population characterized by natural fertility, using survival analysis on a longitudinal data set at the individual level combined with food prices. Landless and semilandless families responded strongly to short-term economic stress stemming from changes in prices. The fertility response, both to moderate and large changes in food prices, was the strongest within six months after prices changed in the fall, which means that the response was deliberate. People foresaw bad times and planned their fertility accordingly. The result highlights the importance of deliberate control of the timing of childbirth before the fertility transition, not in order to achieve a certain family size but, as in this case, to reduce the negative impacts of short-term economic stress.
PubMed ID
17236544 View in PubMed
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