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326 records – page 1 of 33.

Acquired preference especially for dietary fat and obesity: a study of weight-discordant monozygotic twin pairs.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature189641
Source
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002 Jul;26(7):973-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2002
Author
A. Rissanen
P. Hakala
L. Lissner
C-E Mattlar
M. Koskenvuo
T. Rönnemaa
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002 Jul;26(7):973-7
Date
Jul-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Body Weight
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Female
Finland
Food Habits
Food Preferences
Humans
Male
Obesity - epidemiology - psychology
Twins, Monozygotic
Abstract
To determine the independent associations of dietary preference for fat with obesity without the confounding by genetic effects.
Descriptive comparison of the responses of monozygotic twins discordant for obesity to questions concerning current and past preference for dietary fat, current overconsumption of fatty items and recalled food consumption compared to the co-twin.
The Research and Development Centre of the Social Insurance Institution, Finland.
Twenty-three healthy monozygotic twin pairs who were discordant for obesity (BMI difference at least 3 kg/m(2)).
Obesity status of the twin, as a function of the current and recalled dietary preferences and selected psychosocial variables.
The obese twins reported current preference for fatty foods three times more frequently than the lean co-twin. Moreover, when comparing recalled taste for fat at the time the twins left their parental homes, both the obese and lean co-twins consistently recalled that the obese twin had greater preference for fatty foods in young adulthood, and that the lean twin had less. Psychological characteristics of lean and obese co-twins did not differ.
Acquired preference for fatty foods is associated with obesity, independent of genetic background. Modification of fat preferences may be an important step in the prevention of obesity in the general population.
PubMed ID
12080452 View in PubMed
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Age-related variations in flavonoid intake and sources in the Australian population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature79676
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2006 Dec;9(8):1045-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2006
Author
Johannot Lidwine
Somerset Shawn M
Author Affiliation
School of Public Health and Heart Foundation Research Centre, Griffith University, University Drive, Meadowbrook, Queensland, Australia.
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2006 Dec;9(8):1045-54
Date
Dec-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Australia - epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Eating
Flavonoids
Food Analysis - statistics & numerical data
Food Preferences
Humans
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To estimate flavonoid intake in the Australian population. DESIGN: Flavonoid consumption was estimated from 24-hour recall data and apparent consumption data using US Department of Agriculture flavonoid composition data. SUBJECTS: The National Nutrition Survey 1995 assessed dietary intake (24-hour recall) in a representative sample (n=13,858) of the Australian population aged 2 years and over. RESULTS: Analysis of the 24-hour recall data indicated an average adult intake (>18 years) of 454 mg day(-1) (92% being flavan-3-ols). Apple was the highest quercetin source until age 16-18 years, after which onion became an increasingly important prominent source. Variations in hesperetin consumption reflected orange intake. Apple, apricot and grapes were the major sources of epicatechin and catechin for children, but subsided as wine consumption increased in adulthood. Wine was the main source of malvidin. Naringenin intake remained static as a percentage of total flavonoid intake until age 19-24 years, corresponding to orange intake, and then increased with age from 19-24 years, corresponding to grapefruit intake. Apparent dietary flavonoid consumption was 351 mg person(-1) day(-1), of which 75% were flavan-3-ols. Black tea was the major flavonoid source (predominantly flavan-3-ols) representing 70% of total intake. Hesperetin and naringenin were the next most highly consumed flavonoids, reflecting orange intake. Both 24-hour recall and apparent consumption data indicated that apigenin intake was markedly higher in Australia than reported in either the USA or Denmark, presumably due to differences in consumption data for leaf and stalk vegetables and parsley. CONCLUSIONS: Tea was the major dietary flavonoid source in Australia. Flavonoid consumption profiles and flavonoid sources varied according to age. More consistent methodologies, survey tools validated for specific flavonoid intakes and enhanced local flavonoid content data for foods would facilitate better international comparisons of flavonoid intake.
PubMed ID
17125569 View in PubMed
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An examination of income-related disparities in the nutritional quality of food selections among Canadian households from 1986-2001.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature167122
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2007 Jan;64(1):186-98
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2007
Author
Laurie E Ricciuto
Valerie S Tarasuk
Author Affiliation
Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Fitzgerald Building, 150 College Street, Toronto, Ont., Canada M5S 3E2. laurie.ricciuto@utoronto.ca
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2007 Jan;64(1):186-98
Date
Jan-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Family
Food Preferences
Humans
Income - statistics & numerical data
Linear Models
Nutritive Value
Questionnaires
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Socio-economic disparities in nutrition have been documented in numerous countries, and have been linked to health inequalities. Social and economic policy changes occurring over the last several years have resulted in growing levels of income inequality in many countries. However, the extent to which these temporal changes have affected nutrition disparities is largely unknown. Our research examined income-related disparities in the nutritional quality of food selections among Canadian households from 1986 to 2001. Data from the 1986, 1992, 1996 and 2001 Family Food Expenditure surveys were pooled together (n=35048). The relationships between household income and the nutritional quality of food purchases (considering nutrients both as absolute amounts and adjusted for energy, and total energy density) were estimated using general linear models, including tests of significance for differences across the survey years. Results revealed significant positive relationships between income and most nutrients, which persisted over time, and for some nutrients grew stronger. One exception was folate, where the positive relationship between income and folate (independent of energy) was no longer apparent in 2001; this could be attributed to the mandatory fortification of some cereal grain products with folic acid, which came into effect in 1998, resulting in greater availability of folate from grain products. There was also a significant negative relationship between income and total energy density (ratio of food energy to food weight), which persisted across the survey years. At a time of growing income inequality and worsening problems of poverty, food policy makers need to pay attention to the potential for policy interventions to exacerbate or improve nutrition disparities.
PubMed ID
17030372 View in PubMed
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Are Food Advertisements Promoting More Unhealthy Foods and Beverages over Time? Evidence from Three Swedish Food Magazines, 1995-2014.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279943
Source
Ecol Food Nutr. 2017 Jan-Feb;56(1):45-61
Publication Type
Article
Author
Andreas Håkansson
Source
Ecol Food Nutr. 2017 Jan-Feb;56(1):45-61
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Advertising as Topic - trends
Alcoholic Beverages - adverse effects - economics
Beverages - adverse effects - economics
Bread - adverse effects - economics
Consumer Behavior - economics
Dairy Products - adverse effects - economics
Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted - economics - ethnology
Food - adverse effects - economics
Food Preferences - ethnology
Fruit and Vegetable Juices - adverse effects - economics
Health Promotion - economics - trends
Health Transition
Healthy Diet - economics - trends
Humans
Nutritive Value
Periodicals as Topic - economics
Sweden
Abstract
Unhealthy food in advertising has been suggested as a mediator for the increase in diet-related illness. This study quantitatively investigates changes in food advertising between 1995 and 2014 in terms of food categories promoted, macronutrient content, and percentage of foods classified as heathy or unhealthy from a sample of 7,199 ads from three Swedish food magazines. With the exception of increased alcoholic beverage and decreased carbohydrate-rich-food promotion, no monotonic trends of increasingly unhealthy food advertisement are found. From these findings, it is argued that food magazine advertising is not a mediator of the adverse dietary trend.
PubMed ID
27880047 View in PubMed
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Assessing the need for hot meals: a descriptive Meals on Wheels study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179479
Source
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2004;65(2):90-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Karen Parsons
Caryn Rolls
Author Affiliation
Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2004;65(2):90-2
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Consumer Product Safety
Food Handling - methods
Food Preferences
Food Services - standards
Humans
Needs Assessment
Quality Control
Quebec
Questionnaires
Abstract
According to recent literature, delivering chilled Meals on Wheels to seniors increases food quality and safety. The purpose of this study was to determine the acceptability and/or feasibility of a cook-chill delivery system for participants in the Maimonides Geriatric Centre Meals on Wheels program in Montreal, Quebec. The authors also evaluated whether the meal was eaten upon delivery, documented where the meal was stored if consumption was delayed, determined what cooking/heating appliances were used and if the recipients were capable of heating up their meals, and assessed preferences for receiving chilled versus hot meals. Upon receiving the meal, 89% of the 60 seniors did not eat it immediately. Those who ate the meal later stored it in the refrigerator. All had some appliance available to heat the delivered meal; 55% used a microwave. Approximately 75% did not object to receiving meals chilled. The majority of recipients did not require delivery of hot meals, as most delayed consuming the meal until later in the day. Other meal-delivery program planners can use these findings when deciding if a cook-chill system is appropriate for their client populations.
PubMed ID
15217528 View in PubMed
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Assessment of habitual meal pattern and intake of foods, energy and nutrients in Swedish adolescent girls: comparison of diet history with 7-day record.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9504
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Aug;58(8):1181-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2004
Author
A. Sjöberg
L. Hulthén
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at Gothenburg University, Sweden. agneta.sjoberg@nutrition.gu.se
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Aug;58(8):1181-9
Date
Aug-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Nutrition
Comparative Study
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Energy intake
Female
Food Habits
Food Preferences
Humans
Interviews
Mental Recall
Nutrition Assessment
Odds Ratio
Reproducibility of Results
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sweden
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diet history (DH) method to an estimated 7-day record (7-d) concerning meal pattern and intake of foods, energy and nutrients. DESIGN: After the DH interview, subjects completed the 7-d. SETTING: School setting, Göteborg, Sweden. SUBJECTS: A total of 51 adolescent girls (15-16 y) recruited from 634 girls participating in The Göteborg Adolescence Study. RESULTS: Two-thirds of the girls had identical or similar main meal pattern, while the number of in-between meals was higher using DH (P
PubMed ID
15054432 View in PubMed
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Association between parental motives for food choice and eating patterns of 12- to 13-year-old Norwegian children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature120156
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2013 Nov;16(11):2023-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2013
Author
Inger M Oellingrath
Margrethe Hersleth
Martin V Svendsen
Author Affiliation
1 Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Health Studies, Telemark University College, PO Box 201, 3914 Porsgrunn, Norway.
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2013 Nov;16(11):2023-31
Date
Nov-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Attitude to Health
Body Weight
Child
Child Behavior
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Energy intake
Family
Fast Foods
Female
Food Habits
Food Preferences
Health Behavior
Health Food
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Meals
Motivation
Norway
Parents
Principal Component Analysis
Questionnaires
Taste
Abstract
To determine (i) the importance of parents’ motives for everyday family food choices; and (ii) the relationship between parental food choice motives and eating patterns of 12- to 13-year-old children.
Cross-sectional study. A modified version of the Food Choice Questionnaire was used to determine parental motives for food choices. The children’s food and drink intake was reported by their parents using a retrospective FFQ. Eating patterns were derived using principal component analysis. The association between food choice motives and eating patterns was examined using multiple linear regression analysis.
Primary schools, Telemark County, Norway.
In total, 1095 children aged 12–13 years and their parents.
The parental motive ‘sensory appeal’ was the most important for food choice, followed by ‘health’, ‘convenience’, ‘natural content’ and ‘weight control’. The food choice motives were associated with the eating patterns of the children, independent of background variables. The motive ‘health’ was most strongly associated with a ‘varied Norwegian’ eating pattern, representing a diverse diet and regular meals, while the motive ‘convenience’ appeared to be the most important barrier to this eating pattern. ‘Weight control’ was not associated with the ‘varied Norwegian’ eating pattern.
To encourage parents to make healthy food choices for their children, health promotion activities should focus on the health benefits of a diverse diet and regular meals, rather than weight control. Recommended food products should be made more convenient and easily available for families with children.
PubMed ID
23034288 View in PubMed
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Association between the seven-repeat allele of the dopamine-4 receptor gene (DRD4) and spontaneous food intake in pre-school children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature106526
Source
Appetite. 2014 Feb;73:15-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2014
Author
Patrícia Pelufo Silveira
André Krumel Portella
James L Kennedy
Hélène Gaudreau
Caroline Davis
Meir Steiner
Claudio N Soares
Stephen G Matthews
Marla B Sokolowski
Laurette Dubé
Eric B Loucks
Jill Hamilton
Michael J Meaney
Robert D Levitan
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, McGill University, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Canada; Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Ramiro Barcelos, 2350 Largo Eduardo Zaccaro Faraco, 90035-903 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: 00032386@ufrgs.br.
Source
Appetite. 2014 Feb;73:15-22
Date
Feb-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alleles
Body mass index
Canada
Child, Preschool
Diet
Eating
Energy Intake - genetics
Female
Food Habits
Food Preferences
Genotype
Humans
Hyperphagia - genetics
Male
Obesity - genetics
Receptors, Dopamine D4 - genetics
Sex Factors
Snacks
Abstract
Studies in adults show associations between the hypofunctional seven-repeat allele (7R) of the dopamine-4 receptor gene (DRD4), increased eating behaviour and/or obesity, particularly in females. We examined whether 7R is associated with total caloric intake and/or food choices in pre-schoolers.
150 four-year-old children taking part in a birth cohort study in Canada were administered a snack test meal in a laboratory setting. Mothers also filled out a food frequency questionnaire to address childrens' habitual food consumption. Total caloric and individual macronutrient intakes during the snack meal and specific types of foods as reported in the food diaries were compared across 7R allele carriers vs. non-carriers, using current BMI as a co-variate.
We found significant sex by genotype interactions for fat and protein intake during the snack test. Post hoc testing revealed that in girls, but not boys, 7R carriers ate more fat and protein than did non-carriers. Based on the food diaries, across both sexes, 7R carriers consumed more portions of ice cream and less vegetables, eggs, nuts and whole bread, suggesting a less healthy pattern of habitual food consumption.
The 7R allele of DRD4 influences macronutrient intakes and specific food choices as early as four years of age. The specific pattern of results further suggests that prior associations between the 7R allele and adult overeating/obesity may originate in food choices observable in the preschool years. Longitudinal follow-up of these children will help establish the relevance of these findings for obesity risk and prevention.
PubMed ID
24153108 View in PubMed
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The associations between chronotype, a healthy diet and obesity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288190
Source
Chronobiol Int. 2016;33(8):972-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
Mirkka Maukonen
Noora Kanerva
Timo Partonen
Erkki Kronholm
Hanna Konttinen
Heini Wennman
Satu Männistö
Source
Chronobiol Int. 2016;33(8):972-81
Date
2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Circadian Rhythm - physiology
Data Collection
Diet
Feeding Behavior
Female
Finland
Food Preferences
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
Unhealthy diet has been associated with obesity. Evening type has been associated with unhealthier food and nutrient intake that could predict a higher risk of obesity among them as compared to morning type. However, thus far no study has examined the interrelationships between chronotype, a healthy diet and obesity. We examined whether a healthy diet mediates the association between chronotype and obesity and whether chronotype modifies the association between a healthy and obesity. The National FINRISK 2007 Study included 4421 subjects aged 25-74 years. Diet was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Baltic Sea diet score (BSDS), including nine dietary components, was used as a measure of adherence to a healthy Nordic diet. Weight, height, body fat percentage and waist circumference were measured, and body mass index values were calculated. Chronotype was assessed using a shortened version of Horne and Östberg's morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ). The sum score calculated from MEQ was either used as a continuous variable or divided into tertiles of which the lowest tertile demonstrated evening preference and the highest tertile demonstrated morning preference. A series of regression analyses were conducted to determine whether the BSDS mediates the association between chronotype and obesity. Likelihood ratio test was used to determine whether chronotype modifies the association between the BSDS and the obesity measures. After testing the interaction, chronotype-stratified analysis for the association between the BSDS and obesity measures was determined by linear regression. Generally, the evening types had lower adherence to the BSDS and were more often smokers (men), physically inactive and had lower perceived health than the other chronotypes (p 0.05). No evidence that chronotype would modify the association between the BSDS and obesity was found either (p > 0.05).
PubMed ID
27246115 View in PubMed
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Associations between physical home environmental factors and vegetable consumption among Norwegian 3-5-year-olds: the BRA-study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290267
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2017 May; 20(7):1173-1183
Publication Type
Journal Article
Observational Study
Date
May-2017
Author
Anne Lene Kristiansen
Mona Bjelland
Anne Himberg-Sundet
Nanna Lien
Lene Frost Andersen
Author Affiliation
Department of Nutrition,Institute of Basic Medical Sciences,University of Oslo,PO Box 1046 Blindern,0316 Oslo,Norway.
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2017 May; 20(7):1173-1183
Date
May-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Observational Study
Keywords
Adult
Child, Preschool
Choice Behavior
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Food Preferences
Fruit
Health Behavior
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Mental Recall
Middle Aged
Norway
Nutrition Assessment
Parent-Child Relations
Pilot Projects
Principal Component Analysis
Social Environment
Socioeconomic Factors
Surveys and Questionnaires
Vegetables
Young Adult
Abstract
First, to explore item pools developed to measure the physical home environment of pre-school children and assess the psychometric properties of these item pools; second, to explore associations between this environment and vegetable consumption among Norwegian 3-5-year-olds.
Data were collected in three steps: (i) a parental web-based questionnaire assessing the child's vegetable intake and factors potentially influencing the child's vegetable consumption; (ii) direct observation of the children's fruit, berry and vegetable intakes at two meals in one day in the kindergarten; and (iii) a parental web-based 24 h recall.
The target group for this study was pre-school children born in 2010 and 2011, attending public or private kindergartens in the counties of Vestfold and Buskerud, Norway.
A total of 633 children participated.
Principal component analysis on the thirteen-item pool assessing availability/accessibility resulted in two factors labelled 'availability at home' and 'accessibility at home', while the eight-item pool assessing barriers resulted in two factors labelled 'serving barriers' and 'purchase barriers'. The psychometric properties of these factors were satisfactory. Linear regression of the associations between vegetable intake and the factors showed generally positive associations with 'availability at home' and 'accessibility at home' and negative associations with 'serving barriers'.
This age group has so far been understudied and there is a need for comparable studies. Our findings highlight the importance of targeting the physical home environment of pre-school children in future interventions as there are important modifiable factors that both promote and hinder vegetable consumption in this environment.
PubMed ID
27995831 View in PubMed
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326 records – page 1 of 33.