The cheese industry faces many challenges to optimize cheese yield and quality. A very precise standardization of the cheese milk is needed, which is achieved by a fine control of the process and milk composition. Thorough analysis of protein composition is important to determine the amount of protein that will be retained in the curd or lost in the whey. The fluorescence-based Amaltheys analyzer (Spectralys Innovation, Romainville, France) was developed to assess pH 4.6-soluble heat-sensitive whey proteins (sWP*) in 5 min. These proteins are those that can be denatured upon heat-treatment and further retained in the curd after coagulation. Monitoring of sWP* in milk and subsequent adaptation of the process is a reliable solution to achieve stable cheese yield and quality. Performance of the method was evaluated by an accredited laboratory on a 0 to 7 g/L range. Accuracy compared with the reference Kjeldahl method is also provided with a standard error of 0.25 g/L. Finally, a 4-mo industrial trial in a cheese plant is described, where Amaltheys was used as a process analytical technology to monitor sWP* content in ingredients and final cheese milk. Calibration models over quality parameters of final cheese were also built from near-infrared and fluorescence spectroscopic data. The Amaltheys analyzer was found to be a rapid, compact, and accurate device to help implementation of standardization procedures in the dairy industry.
The results of an evaluation of the Innotrac Aio! cardiac markers are presented. This system is based on dry-chemistry, time-resolved fluorometry. All assay-specific reagents are dry-coated into assay-specific cups, and only the generic assay buffer is required. The levels of precision attained with pooled serum samples and control materials were acceptable for cTnI and CK-MB. Myoglobin assay showed higher CV, 5.6-9.5%. The linearity studies were performed in concentration ranges of 0.1-76 microg/L for cTnI, 0.7-450 microg/L for CK-MB and 0.6-1500 microg/L for myoglobin. The markers were found to be linear within the ranges tested. The correlation coefficient between the Aio! and AxSYM cTnI assays was 0.960, and the slope was 0.07. The correlation coefficients between the Aio! and AxSYM CK-MB and myoglobin assays were 0.995 and 0.971, respectively. They involved some differences in the measured concentrations (Aio! CK-MB was about 9% higher than AxSYM CK-MB, and Aio! myoglobin was 19% higher than AxSYM). Comparative studies with all the markers, using EDTA whole blood and lithium heparin plasma specimens and lithium heparin whole blood and plasma, yielded the following results: the slopes were close to 1.0 for all correlations, with the exception of that between CK-MB EDTA whole blood and lithium heparin (0.83). High correlation coefficients were obtained (> or = 0.97). The carryover results for all the cardiac markers were good, 0.0%, 0.0%, and 0.3% for cTnI, CK-MB, and myoglobin, respectively. The analytical detection limits were 0.01 microg/L for cTnI, 0.8 microg/L for CK-MB and 0.5 microg/L for myoglobin. The stability of the analytes in the lithium heparin samples at room temperature was also studied and was found to be decreased by from 10% (myoglobin and CK-MB) to 17% (cTnI) in 8 h. Innotrac Aio! provides a rapid and easy quantitative measurement of cardiac TnI, CK-MB, and myoglobin within
AB Archival samples represent a significant potential for genetic studies, particularly in severe diseases with risk of lethal outcome, such as in cancer. In this pilot study, we aimed to evaluate the usability of archival bone marrow smears and biopsies for DNA extraction and purification, whole genome amplification (WGA), multiple marker analysis including 10 short tandem repeats, and finally a comprehensive genotyping of 33,683 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with multiplexed targeted next-generation sequencing. A total of 73 samples from 21 bone marrow smears and 13 bone marrow biopsies from 18 Danish and Norwegian childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients were included and compared with corresponding blood samples. Samples were grouped according to the age of sample and whether WGA was performed or not. We found that measurements of DNA concentration after DNA extraction was dependent on detection method and that spectrophotometry overestimated DNA amount compared with fluorometry. In the short tandem repeat analysis, detection rate dropped slightly with longer fragments. After WGA, this drop was more pronounced. Samples stored for 0 to 3 years showed better results compared with samples stored for 4 to 10 years. Acceptable call rates for SNPs were detected for 7 of 42 archival samples. In conclusion, archival bone marrow samples are suitable for DNA extraction and multiple marker analysis, but WGA was less successful, especially when longer fragments were analyzed. Multiple SNP analysis seems feasible, but the method has to be further optimized.
BACKGROUND: The degree of variability in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) measurements is important for interpreting test results in screening programs, and particularly for interpreting the significance of changes between repeated tests. This study aimed to determine the long-term intra-individual variation for PSA in healthy men. METHODS: A randomly selected cohort of men in a biennial prostate cancer screening program (ERSPC) conducted in Sweden from 1995-1996 to 2001-2002. We studied men who had total PSA (tPSA) levels
Rearrangements in the 11q23 region, the site of the mixed lineage leukaemia (MLL) gene, are found in both childhood acute myeloid (AML) and lymphoblastic (ALL) leukaemia. We studied the in vitro drug resistance by the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay (FMCA) in 132 children with AML and 178 children with ALL (aged 0-17 years). In AML, children with t(9;11) (n = 10) were significantly more sensitive to cytarabine (P