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129 records – page 1 of 13.

Adoption of fluoride-based caries preventive innovations in a public dental service.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38556
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1988 Feb;16(1):5-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1988
Author
O. Haugejorden
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Dentistry, University of Bergen, Norway.
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1988 Feb;16(1):5-10
Date
Feb-1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Communication
Comparative Study
Decision Making
Dental Caries - prevention & control
Dental Clinics
Diffusion of Innovation
Fluorides - therapeutic use
Fluorides, Topical - therapeutic use
Humans
Mouthwashes
Norway
Retrospective Studies
School Dentistry
Toothbrushing
Abstract
In dentistry comparative studies of diffusion of disease preventive innovations are rare and usually atheoretical. For these reasons the present study was designed 1) to determine whether or not normal distribution assumptions applied to decisions to adopt caries preventive fluoride programs in a public dental service; 2) to compare rates of adoption of two school-based and one clinic-based fluoride program, and 3) to look for evidence indicating which type of decision-making may have been involved. The programs studied were school-based fluoride brushing 4-5 times per year, fluoride mouthrinsing at least once a month, and professional topical fluoride applications at least once a year. Data were collected by postal questionnaires from public dental officers in Norway in 1972, 1977 and 1982. To determine the length of time which had elapsed from the time of innovation of the technologies to adoption, the dental literature was reviewed. The adoption curves for school-based fluoride brushing and rinsing, as well as for clinic-based topical fluoride application did not comply with the normal distribution assumption. The time lapse from innovation to adoption was in excess of 10 yr and the rates of adoption differed between programs. Decision-making would appear to have been primarily individual or collective. It was concluded that generalization beyond the innovations studied and the social and organizational setting of this particular investigation is inadmissible. Consequently, there is a need for more and larger scale comparative analytical studies to increase our understanding of diffusion and adoption of innovations in dentistry.
PubMed ID
3422620 View in PubMed
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Analyses of the caries decline and incidence among Norwegian adolescents 1985-2000.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature31306
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 2002 Oct;60(5):281-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2002
Author
Jan Magne Birkeland
Ola Haugejorden
Frithjof Ramm von der Fehr
Author Affiliation
Department of Odontology-Cariology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Bergen, Norway. jan.birkeland@odont.uib.no
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 2002 Oct;60(5):281-9
Date
Oct-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Cariostatic Agents - therapeutic use
Child
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
DMF Index
Dental Caries - epidemiology
Dental Restoration, Permanent - statistics & numerical data
Dentin - pathology
Fluorides - therapeutic use
Food Habits
Humans
Incidence
Matched-Pair Analysis
Multivariate Analysis
Norway - epidemiology
Regression Analysis
Social Class
Statistics, nonparametric
Abstract
Since most studies of caries decline are descriptive time-trend analyses, the purpose of this article was to identify factors statistically associated with the caries decline among Norwegian adolescents after 1985. The DMFT scores for the age groups 12 and 18 years reported annually by 19 counties were analysed. The average caries-free proportions of 18-year-olds increased from 2% to 15% between 1985 and 2000, while the DMFT declined by 49%; 10.2 +/- 0.75 to 5.2 +/- 0.78. The decline for the 12-year-olds was 53%. The mean DT at the dentinal level remained at about 0.8 for 12-year-olds and 1.5 for 18-year-olds throughout the observation period. There was no significant difference in DMFT increment from age 12 to 18 between the birth cohorts 1973 (3.8 +/- 0.46) and 1982 (3.0 +/- 0.52) when controlling for counties. The variables migration and children per dentist were significantly associated with the DMFT decline in multivariate analyses. The caries decline for 18-year-olds was significantly steeper before than after 1990. The decline among the 18-year-olds may be attributed to fluoride and more restrictive criteria for placement of fillings in teenagers in the 1980s and fewer filled teeth before the age of 12 years in the 1990s.
PubMed ID
12418718 View in PubMed
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An epidemiological study of child health and nutrition in a northern Swedish county. VII. A comparative study of general and dental health, food habits and socio-economic conditions in 4-year-old children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature42721
Source
Acta Paediatr Scand. 1975 Mar;64(2):241-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1975
Author
G. Samuelson
H K Blomquist
C G Crossner
A K Holm
H. Grahnén
Source
Acta Paediatr Scand. 1975 Mar;64(2):241-7
Date
Mar-1975
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anthropometry
Body Height
Body Weight
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
DMF Index
Dental Caries - epidemiology - prevention & control
Dental Health Surveys
Female
Fluorides - therapeutic use
Food Habits
Gingivitis - epidemiology
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Skinfold thickness
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden
Urban Population
Abstract
A study of the general and dental health and the food habits of randomly selected 4-year-old Swedish urban children was performed. The results were compared with the findings of an investigation carried out four years earlier in the same area. In comparison with the earlier study no significant differences were found in haemoglobin values, packed red cell volume, microsedimentation rate and anthropometric measurements. The food habits had altered. A reduction in the frequency of between-meal consumption, particularly of sweets and soft drinks, as well as a reduction of the frequency of meat, fish and egg consumption was found. The children had an increased sandwich and milk consumption. The caries frequency was markedly reduced, which might be explained by the decreased between-meal consumption and an increased consumption of fluoride tablets. The food habits and the caries situation were generally influenced by the parents' socio-economic conditions, especially their educational level.
PubMed ID
1130180 View in PubMed
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[An evaluation of a research project using preventive dental care in young children in 4 communities on Fyn island]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature39569
Source
Tandlaegebladet. 1985 May;89(8-9):309-15
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1985

Appropriate use of fluoride supplements for the prevention of dental caries. Consensus Conference of the Canadian Dental Association. Toronto, Canada, 28-29 November 1997. Introduction.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature202817
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1999 Feb;27(1):27-30
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Date
Feb-1999
Author
H. Limeback
Author Affiliation
Preventive Dentistry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. hlimeback@dental.utoronto.ca
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1999 Feb;27(1):27-30
Date
Feb-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Keywords
Algorithms
Canada
Cariostatic Agents - therapeutic use
Child
Child, Preschool
Dental Caries - prevention & control
Fluoridation
Fluorides - therapeutic use
Humans
Infant
PubMed ID
10086923 View in PubMed
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Approximal caries increment in adolescents in a low caries prevalence area in Sweden after a 3.5-year school-based fluoride varnish programme with Bifluorid 12 and Duraphat.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263023
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2014 Oct;42(5):404-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2014
Author
Eva-Karin Bergström
Dowen Birkhed
Christina Granlund
Ulla Moberg Sköld
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2014 Oct;42(5):404-11
Date
Oct-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Calcium Fluoride - therapeutic use
Cariostatic Agents - therapeutic use
DMF Index
Dental Caries - epidemiology - prevention & control
Female
Fluorides, Topical - therapeutic use
Humans
Male
Prevalence
School Health Services
Sodium Fluoride - therapeutic use
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
To evaluate approximal caries increment among 12- to 16-year-olds in a low caries prevalence area in Sweden after a 3.5-year school-based fluoride (F) varnish programme with Bifluorid 12 and Duraphat.
The design was a RCT study with 1365 adolescents, divided into following four groups: Group 1 Bifluorid 12 two applications/year; Group 2 Duraphat two applications/year; Group 3 Bifluorid 12 four applications/year and Group 4 no F varnish at school. 1143 children (84%) completed the study. Approximal caries was registered on bitewing radiographs.
There were no statistically significant differences in caries prevalence among the groups either at baseline or after 3.5 years . The caries increment for Group 1 was 1.34 ± 2.99 (mean ± SD), 1.24 ± 2.84 for Group 2, 1.07 ± 2.66 for Group 3 and 1.25 ± 2.75 for Group 4, with no statically significant differences either between Bifluorid 12 and Duraphat with the same frequency of F varnish applications or between the F groups and the control group.
In an area with low caries prevalence in Sweden, the supplementary caries-preventive effect of school-based F varnish applications, to regular use of F toothpaste at home and to regular caries prevention given at the Public Dental Clinics, appears to be nonsignificant regarding approximal caries increment.
PubMed ID
24865129 View in PubMed
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Assessing the effectiveness of a management information system in improving preschoolers' use of fluoride supplements.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature235716
Source
Can J Public Health. 1987 Jan-Feb;78(1):25-30
Publication Type
Article

Attitudes to and experience of dental care among 50-year-olds in two Swedish counties.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature62826
Source
Swed Dent J. 1999;23(2-3):87-96
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
L. Unell
B. Söderfeldt
A. Halling
D. Birkhed
Author Affiliation
Community Dental Health Unit, Orebro County Council, Sweden.
Source
Swed Dent J. 1999;23(2-3):87-96
Date
1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude to Health
Cariostatic Agents - therapeutic use
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dental Care - economics - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Fluorides - therapeutic use
Health Behavior
Health Expenditures - statistics & numerical data
Health status
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oral Health
Oral Hygiene
Patient satisfaction
Plants, Toxic
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Smoking - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Time Factors
Tobacco, Smokeless
Toothbrushing - statistics & numerical data
Toothpaste - therapeutic use
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate attitudes to and experiences of dental care in a population, born 1942. The following items were studied: opinions of general and oral health, attitudes to and experiences of dental care, dental care habits, experiences of latest visit to a dentist, tobacco habits and use of various dental hygiene articles. A cross-sectional mail questionnaire was sent in 1992 to all 50-year-olds in two Swedish counties, Orebro and Ostergotland, totally 8888 persons; the response rate was 71%. Of the population 89%, indicated good health. Satisfaction with dental care was high, 94%. 26% stated attendance to a dentist twice or more per year, and 64% at least once a year. As to expenses, 78% paid less than 1000 SEK the last year. Concerning the latest visit, 38% reported painless treatment, 37% no inconvenience, and 55% good care. The duration of the latest visit included on an average 27 min in travel time, 7 min in waiting time and 27 min in treatment time. Information about oral hygiene was given to 29% and about cost for treatment to 47% of the interviewed. There were 28% daily smokers. Snuff was daily used by 10% of the males. Toothbrushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste seemed to be the standard oral hygiene procedure and was reported by 80% of the respondents.
PubMed ID
10431344 View in PubMed
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Caries clinical trial of fluoride rinses in a Danish Public Child Dental Service.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature39753
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1984 Oct;12(5):283-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1984
Author
S. Poulsen
E. Kirkegaard
G. Bangsbo
K. Bro
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1984 Oct;12(5):283-7
Date
Oct-1984
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Child Health Services
Comparative Study
DMF Index
Denmark
Dental Caries - prevention & control
Dental Health Services
Drug Evaluation
Fluorides - therapeutic use
Humans
Mouthwashes - therapeutic use
Placebos
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Time Factors
Abstract
365 2nd through 4th graders completed a 3-yr clinical trial on the caries-preventive effect of rinsings every second week during the school year with 10 ml of an 0.2% neutral solution of sodium fluoride. All children received regular dental examinations and treatment in clinics established by the municipality in which the study took place. The trial was performed under double-blind conditions. The caries increment on teeth erupted at baseline was 1.75 DMFS in the fluoride group and 1.83 DMFS in the placebo group (P greater than 0.05; 95% confidence limits for percentage caries reduction: -20.7% and 29.5%). The caries increment on teeth erupting during the trial was 0.73 DMFS in the fluoride group and 0.99 DMFS in the placebo group (P greater than 0.05; 95% confidence limits for percentage caries reduction: 1.0% and 51.6%).
PubMed ID
6593146 View in PubMed
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Caries distribution in the dentition and significant caries index in Swedish 4-year-old children 1980-2002.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature80742
Source
Oral Health Prev Dent. 2006;4(3):209-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Stecksén-Blicks Christina
Stenlund Hans
Twetman Svante
Author Affiliation
Department of Odontology, Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Umea University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden. christina.stecksen.blicks@vll.se
Source
Oral Health Prev Dent. 2006;4(3):209-14
Date
2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cariostatic Agents - therapeutic use
Child, Preschool
Dental Caries - epidemiology
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Fluorides - therapeutic use
Humans
Incisor
Male
Molar
Sweden - epidemiology
Toothbrushing
Abstract
PURPOSE: To analyse possible changes in the severity and distribution of dental caries within the dentition in five groups of 4-year-old children examined with the same methods and criteria between 1980 and 2002. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The material consisted of retrospective caries recordings from cross-sectional studies performed in 1980, 1987, 1992, 1997 and 2002 in Umeå, Sweden. The distribution of dmfs within the dentition was analysed in the whole groups and in one third of each group with the highest dmfs-values (mSiC-index). RESULTS: When comparing the whole groups, no statistically significant changes were found over the years concerning total dmfs, or dmfs in molars and canines or in occlusal surfaces (p > 0.05). There was a significant increase in dmfs-values in incisors observed between 1980 and 1987, while a similar reduction was observed between 1987 and 1992 (p 0.05). There was, however, a statistically significant increase in the dmfs-values for molars and canines between 1997 and 2002 (p
PubMed ID
16961030 View in PubMed
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129 records – page 1 of 13.