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9656 records – page 1 of 966.

Prostate cancer, a challenge for the next millennium.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature202240
Source
Ann Chir Gynaecol. 1999;88(1):3
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
T. Lehtonen
Source
Ann Chir Gynaecol. 1999;88(1):3
Date
1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Prostatic Neoplasms - epidemiology
PubMed ID
10230674 View in PubMed
Less detail

Distal myopathies in Finnish patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288206
Source
Duodecim. 2016;132(18):1635-44
Publication Type
Article
Author
Johanna Palmio
Manu Jokela
Satu Sandell
Tiina Suominen
Sini Penttilä
Bjarne Udd
Source
Duodecim. 2016;132(18):1635-44
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Distal Myopathies - epidemiology - genetics
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Abstract
Distal myopathies are a group of rare muscular dystrophies comprising more than 20 different genetic entities. The first distal myopathy in Finland, tibial muscular dystrophy, was identified more than 20 years ago. Muscle weakness predominantly affects the feet and hands, although variable weakness can be detected clinically and on muscle MRI in the proximal muscles in the later stages of the disease. Advanced molecular genetic techniques have enabled identification of several distinct distal myopathies in Finland. The clinical findings of different distal myopathies overlap, but there are also distinguishable differences that might help final genetic diagnostics.
PubMed ID
29188941 View in PubMed
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Epidemiology of intestinal and diffuse types of gastric carcinoma: a time-trend study in Finland with comparison between studies from high- and low-risk areas.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature218716
Source
Cancer. 1994 Mar 1;73(5):1533
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1-1994
Author
A. Amorosi
D. Palli
Source
Cancer. 1994 Mar 1;73(5):1533
Date
Mar-1-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Stomach Neoplasms - epidemiology - genetics
Notes
Comment On: Cancer. 1993 May 15;71(10):2926-338490820
PubMed ID
8111723 View in PubMed
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Serum cholesterol and mortality in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222746
Source
BMJ. 1992 Nov 7;305(6862):1157
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-7-1992
Author
A. Macnair
Source
BMJ. 1992 Nov 7;305(6862):1157
Date
Nov-7-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cholesterol - blood
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Hypercholesterolemia - mortality
Mortality
Notes
Cites: BMJ. 1992 Sep 26;305(6856):757-91298234
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Jun 1;135(11):1251-81626541
PubMed ID
1463962 View in PubMed
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Commentary: Income and health: why are curves so appealing?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature191720
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Dec;30(6):1405-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2001
Author
G. Der
Author Affiliation
MRC Social & Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland.
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Dec;30(6):1405-6
Date
Dec-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Finland - epidemiology
Health status
Humans
Income
Mortality - trends
Notes
Comment On: Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Dec;30(6):1397-40511821353
PubMed ID
11821354 View in PubMed
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The effect of resurfacing on friction, speeds and safety on main roads in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature205629
Source
Accid Anal Prev. 1998 Jan;30(1):75-85
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1998
Author
L. Leden
O. Hämäläinen
E. Manninen
Author Affiliation
Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland. lars.leden@vtt.fi
Source
Accid Anal Prev. 1998 Jan;30(1):75-85
Date
Jan-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Traffic - mortality
Automobile Driving
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Abstract
This study aimed at examining how resurfacing and the first winter period after resurfacing affect the safety of main roads in Finland. The study consisted of three substudies. In the first substudy the changes of side friction and lock braking friction were measured on newly paved roads after resurfacing and after the first winter period. The effect of different resurfacing methods was also compared in the course of the study. All the 50 road sections in the study were resurfaced in summer 1991 and measured with the friction truck of the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT). Friction was found to be highly dependent on the type of resurfacing treatment. In general, the friction of surfaces with high coefficients after resurfacing decrease and the lowest frictions increase with time, locked braking friction values immediately after resurfacing can be undesirably low. The second substudy dealt with the effect of resurfacing on the vehicle speeds. The analysis was based on automatic speed and weather measurement in 1991 and 1992 on resurfaced roads, which were resurfaced in the summer 1991 and on a sample of comparison roads which had not been resurfaced. There is little change in speeds on the non-resurfaced roads during the study period, but there is some indication that resurfacing increases the average speeds, at least when the road is dry. Complete data were available for only one site, where the result was that average speeds on dry roads increased after resurfacing by 0.6 km/h and increased still more (by 0.5 km/h) after the first winter period. The third substudy analysed fatal and injury accidents reported to the police on the resurfaced and comparison roads one and two years before, the same year resurfacing was performed and one and two years after the resurfacing. The accident results were similar to the speed findings. The most likely effect is a risk increase immediately after resurfacing by somewhat less than 7% and of 3 to 7% of the first winter period. These results are, however, subject to large uncertainty because of the small number of accidents on the treatment roads.
PubMed ID
9542547 View in PubMed
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Effectiveness of structured questionnaires for screening heavy drinking in middle-aged women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166868
Source
Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Nov;30(11):1884-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2006
Author
Mauri Aalto
Mervi Tuunanen
Pekka Sillanaukee
Kaija Seppä
Author Affiliation
Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, FIN-00251 Helsinki, Finland. mauri.aalto@ktl.fi
Source
Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Nov;30(11):1884-8
Date
Nov-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcoholism - diagnosis
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Abstract
There is a need for an effective and feasible alcohol screening instrument. The aim of the study was to evaluate how the abbreviated versions of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) questionnaire perform in comparison with the original AUDIT and what the optimal cutoffs are when screening for heavy drinking among women.
All the 40-year-old women in the city of Tampere, Finland, are invited yearly for a health screening. From 1 year, data from 894 women (response rate 68.2%) invited for a health screening were utilized in the study. The original 10-item AUDIT, AUDIT-C, Five Shot, AUDIT-PC, AUDIT-3, AUDIT-QF, and CAGE were evaluated against the Timeline Followback. Consumption of at least 140 g of absolute ethanol per week on average during the past month was considered heavy drinking.
In the Timeline Followback, the mean+/-SD weekly reported alcohol consumption was 45+/-67 g (range 0-936 g) of absolute ethanol. Of the women, 6.2% (55/894) were heavy drinkers. The optimal combination of sensitivity and specificity was reached for the AUDIT with cutoff > or =6, for the AUDIT-C with cutoff > or =5, for the Five Shot with cutoff > or =2.0, for the AUDIT-PC with cutoff > or =4, and for the AUDIT-QF with cutoff > or =4. When choosing the optimal cutoffs, the AUDIT-C, the Five Shot, the AUDIT-PC, and the AUDIT-QF performed as well as the 10-item AUDIT. With these cutoffs, sensitivities were 0.84 to 0.93 and specificities were 0.83 to 0.90. The AUDIT-3 and the CAGE did not perform as well as the other questionnaires.
The 10-item AUDIT, AUDIT-C, Five Shot, AUDIT-PC, and AUDIT-QF seem to be equally effective tools in screening for heavy drinking among middle-aged women. However, their applicability is achieved only if the cutoffs are tailored according to gender.
PubMed ID
17067353 View in PubMed
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Injury profile in ice hockey from the 1970s through the 1990s in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198353
Source
Am J Sports Med. 2000 May-Jun;28(3):322-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
J. Mölsä
U. Kujala
O. Näsman
T P Lehtipuu
O. Airaksinen
Author Affiliation
LIKES Research Center for Sport and Health Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland.
Source
Am J Sports Med. 2000 May-Jun;28(3):322-7
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Athletic Injuries - epidemiology
Finland - epidemiology
Hockey - injuries
Humans
Incidence
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence, types, and mechanisms of injury in Finnish ice hockey players at the highest competition level in different decades. Several teams were observed prospectively during the seasons between 1976 and 1979, and in the 1988 to 1989 and 1992 to 1993 seasons. An injury was defined as any sudden trauma requiring examination and treatment by a physician. The inclusion criteria were the same during the entire study. A total of 641 injuries were recorded. The injury rate per game increased significantly from 54 per 1000 player-hours in the 1970s to 83 per 1000 player-hours in the 1990s. The injury profile in the 1980s and 1990s differed from that in the 1970s. Per 1000 player-years, the rate of contusions as well as of sprains or strains increased significantly with each decade. Checking and unintentional collision with an opponent were common mechanisms of injury throughout the study, and the rate of injury by these mechanisms has continually increased. In conclusion, we suggest that there has been an increase in rough body contact between players, causing an alarming increase in the rate of ice hockey injuries.
PubMed ID
10843122 View in PubMed
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Increasing homicide rate in Finland accompanied by decreasing seasonality over the period 1957-95.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203443
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1998 Dec;47(11):1695-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1998
Author
H. Hakko
P. Räsänen
J. Tiihonen
Author Affiliation
University of Oulu, Department of Psychiatry, Finland.
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1998 Dec;47(11):1695-8
Date
Dec-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Finland - epidemiology
Homicide - statistics & numerical data - trends
Humans
Seasons
Abstract
Homicide is recognized as a global public health problem. Finland has the highest overall homicide rate of the Nordic countries in comparisons over short time periods. Using the 39-year time series of homicide incidents in Finland from 1957-95, we analyzed the trend in homicide rate. In addition, we explored for the first time over the time trend in the seasonal variation of homicide and compared seasonal statistics over eight successive time periods. The present study revealed that there has been steadily increasing trend in homicides in Finland since 1950s. At the same time, the seasonality of homicide has decreased markedly. The peaks in homicide rates occurred commonly during summer and the troughs during winter.
PubMed ID
9877340 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Jul;22(7):1096; author reply 1097
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2007
Author
L Joseph Melton
Source
J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Jul;22(7):1096; author reply 1097
Date
Jul-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Hip Fractures - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Male
Notes
Comment On: J Bone Miner Res. 2006 Dec;21(12):1836-817002578
PubMed ID
17371166 View in PubMed
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9656 records – page 1 of 966.