Arguments for restructuring of psychiatric service on the principles of medical insurance are given. Because mental disorders are characterized by chronic development and high disability rate, the necessity of mixed budget-insurance financing of psychiatry is grounded. Obligatory state insurance must be conducted for all mentally ill persons. However, only a certain part of outpatient care and the treatment period in hospital are to be insured, while the remaining part of outpatient visits or hospital stay will be financed from the budget. The method of calculation of the incurred number of the doctor's visits and the length of hospital stay during the year is discussed.
The state and prospects of the development of mental health service are discussed. Special attention is drawn to the economic aspects of mental health service and financial problems, in particular. The principles of creation and utilization of financial resources for psychiatric facilities in conditions of medical insurance are given. Social and economic aspects of mental diseases and their cost for the society are considered. The conclusion is made on the priority of psychiatric care programmes among other programmes of health care, that must be solved on the state level.