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892 records – page 1 of 90.

About the strains caused by a marathon race to fitness joggers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature250080
Source
J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 1977 Mar;17(1):49-57
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1977

Absence of evidence of Borna disease virus infection in Swedish patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature200265
Source
J Neurovirol. 1999 Oct;5(5):495-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1999
Author
B. Evengård
T. Briese
G. Lindh
S. Lee
W I Lipkin
Author Affiliation
Department of Immunology, Microbiology, Pathology and Infectious Diseases, Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Karolinska Institutet at Huddinge University Hospital.
Source
J Neurovirol. 1999 Oct;5(5):495-9
Date
Oct-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Blotting, Western
Borna Disease - virology
Borna disease virus - immunology - isolation & purification - pathogenicity
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic - virology
Female
Humans
Leukocytes, Mononuclear - chemistry - metabolism - virology
Male
Middle Aged
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Sweden
Abstract
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is characterized by debilitating fatigue, somatic symptoms and cognitive impairment. An infectious basis has been proposed; candidate agents include enteroviruses, herpesviruses, retroviruses and Borna disease virus (BDV), a novel neurotropic virus associated with neuropsychiatric disorders. Sera and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from Swedish CFS patients were assayed for evidence of infection using ELISA and Western immunoblot for detection of antibodies to BDV proteins N, P and gp18; and using nested reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for detection of BDV N- and P-gene transcripts. No specific immunoreactivity to BDV proteins was found in sera from 169 patients or 62 controls. No BDV N- or P-gene transcripts were found through RT-PCR analysis of PBMC from 18 patients with severe CFS. These results do not support a role for BDV in pathogenesis of CFS.
PubMed ID
10568886 View in PubMed
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Activity profile of top-class association football referees in relation to performance in selected physical tests.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature163966
Source
J Sports Sci. 2007 May;25(7):805-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2007
Author
Javier Mallo
Enrique Navarro
José-María García-Aranda
Bart Gilis
Werner Helsen
Author Affiliation
Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte--INEF--Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Source
J Sports Sci. 2007 May;25(7):805-13
Date
May-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Fatigue
Finland
Humans
Locomotion - physiology
Male
Physical Exertion - physiology
Physical Fitness
Soccer
Task Performance and Analysis
Abstract
The aims of the present study were (1) to analyse the physical demands of top-class referees and (2) to compare their official FIFA fitness test results with physical performance during a match. The work rate profiles of 11 international referees were assessed during 12 competitive matches at the 2003 FIFA Under-17 World Cup and then analysed using a bi-dimensional photogrammetric video analysis system based on direct lineal transformation (DLT) algorithms. In the first 15 min of matches, the referees were more active, performing more high-intensity exercise (P
PubMed ID
17454548 View in PubMed
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Acute Achilles tendon rupture in badminton players.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature205458
Source
Am J Sports Med. 1998 May-Jun;26(3):467-70
Publication Type
Article
Author
M. Fahlström
U. Björnstig
R. Lorentzon
Author Affiliation
Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic, University Hospital of Umeå, Sweden.
Source
Am J Sports Med. 1998 May-Jun;26(3):467-70
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Achilles Tendon - injuries - surgery
Adult
Athletic Injuries - etiology - surgery
Female
Humans
Male
Muscle Fatigue
Physical Therapy Modalities
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Rupture
Tendon Injuries - etiology - surgery
Abstract
All patients with badminton-related acute Achilles tendon ruptures registered during 1990 to 1994 at the University Hospital of Umeå were retrospectively followed up using a questionnaire. Thirty-one patients (mean age, 36.0 years), 27 men and 4 women, were included. Thirty patients (97%) described themselves as recreational players or beginners. The majority of the injuries (29 of 31, 94%) happened at the middle or end of the planned game. Previous local symptoms had been noticed by five patients (16%). Long-term results showed that patients treated with surgery had a significantly shorter sick leave absence than patients treated without surgery (50 versus 75 days). There was no obvious selection favoring any treatment modality. None of the surgically treated patients had reruptures, but two reruptures occurred in the nonsurgically treated group. There seemed to be fewer remaining symptoms and a higher sports activity level after the injury in the surgically treated group. Our results indicate that local muscle fatigue may interfere with strength and coordination. Preventive measures such as specific treatment of minor injuries and adequate training of strength, endurance, and coordination are important. Our findings also indicate that surgical treatment and careful postoperative rehabilitation is of great importance among badminton players of any age or sports level with Achilles tendon rupture.
PubMed ID
9617415 View in PubMed
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Acute fatigue impairs neuromuscular activity of anterior cruciate ligament-agonist muscles in female team handball players.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143314
Source
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2011 Dec;21(6):833-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2011
Author
M K Zebis
J. Bencke
L L Andersen
T. Alkjaer
C. Suetta
P. Mortensen
M. Kjaer
P. Aagaard
Author Affiliation
Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. mettezebis@hotmail.com
Source
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2011 Dec;21(6):833-40
Date
Dec-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Anterior Cruciate Ligament - injuries - innervation
Athletic Injuries - etiology
Biomechanical Phenomena
Denmark
Electromyography
Female
Humans
Isometric Contraction - physiology
Movement - physiology
Muscle Fatigue - physiology
Risk Assessment - methods
Young Adult
Abstract
In sports, like team handball, fatigue has been associated with an increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. While effects of fatigue on muscle function are commonly assessed during maximal isometric voluntary contraction (MVC), such measurements may not relate to the muscle function during match play. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of muscle fatigue induced by a simulated handball match on neuromuscular strategy during a functional sidecutting movement, associated with the incidence of ACL injury. Fourteen female team handball players were tested for neuromuscular activity [electromyography (EMG)] during a sidecutting maneuver on a force plate, pre and post a simulated handball match. MVC was obtained during maximal isometric quadriceps and hamstring contraction. The simulated handball match consisted of exercises mimicking handball match activity. Whereas the simulated handball match induced a decrease in MVC strength for both the quadriceps and hamstring muscles (P
PubMed ID
20500560 View in PubMed
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Acute-Phase Fatigue Predicts Limitations with Activities of Daily Living 18 Months after First-Ever Stroke.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature283199
Source
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2017 Mar;26(3):523-531
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2017
Author
Anners Lerdal
Caryl L Gay
Source
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2017 Mar;26(3):523-531
Date
Mar-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - psychology
Acute Disease
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Fatigue - epidemiology - etiology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Predictive value of tests
Retrospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Statistics as Topic
Stroke - complications - epidemiology - psychology
Stroke rehabilitation
Abstract
Fatigue during the acute phase following stroke has been shown to predict long-term physical health, specifically increased bodily pain and poorer self-rated general health. The aim of this analysis was to determine whether acute-phase fatigue also predicts patients' limitations in activities of daily living (ADL) 18 months after the first stroke.
Patients with first-ever stroke (N?=?88) were recruited upon admission at 2 hospitals in Norway. Patients were assessed within 2 weeks following admission and at 18 months using the Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living (BI), Fatigue Severity Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory II. The relationship between acute-phase fatigue and later activity limitations (BI?
PubMed ID
28040378 View in PubMed
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Adjuvant radiotherapy of women with breast cancer - information, support and side-effects.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature98769
Source
Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2010 Apr;14(2):147-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2010
Author
K. Sjövall
G. Strömbeck
A. Löfgren
P-O Bendahl
B. Gunnars
Author Affiliation
Department of Oncology, Lund University Hospital, S-221 85 Lund, Sweden. katarina.o.sjovall@skane.se
Source
Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2010 Apr;14(2):147-53
Date
Apr-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Area Under Curve
Breast Neoplasms - drug therapy - psychology - radiotherapy - surgery
Fatigue - etiology
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Mastectomy - adverse effects - methods
Middle Aged
Pain Measurement
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Radiotherapy, Adjuvant - adverse effects
Skin Diseases - etiology
Sleep Disorders - etiology
Social Support
Sweden
Translations
Abstract
The aim of this study was to 1) examine the occurrence and burden of side effects over time in the period after post surgical adjuvant radiotherapy in women with breast cancer and 2) explore the women's experiences of given information and need of support to handle side effects. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 171 women with breast cancer receiving post-surgical adjuvant radiotherapy completed a questionnaire on radiotherapy-related side effects (Treatment Toxicity Assessment Tool OTTAT) at four times between the start of radiotherapy and six months after completion. Comparisons were made between women with breast conservative surgery (group A) and women with modified mastectomy (group B), and for having chemotherapy or not (C+ and C-). Questions regarding the experience of delivered information and support were added. RESULTS: Fatigue was the single most prevalent side effect and, together with skin reactions and pain, it also had the highest mean score over the study period and the largest score increase during treatment. The largest increase during the six months was seen for skin reaction, pain, and dyspnoea. The average score for skin reaction was significantly higher in group B than in group A. A majority of the women experienced the given information and support as satisfying and a need for follow-up of the side-effects was expressed. CONCLUSION: Nursing for women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant radiotherapy should focus on preventing and treating side effects, and also include the period post treatment. There is a need for developing evidence based guidelines including guidelines for follow-up.
PubMed ID
19896896 View in PubMed
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Adverse health effects among women living with heavy snorers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature72163
Source
Health Care Women Int. 2000 Mar;21(2):81-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2000
Author
J. Ulfberg
N. Carter
M. Talbäck
C. Edling
Author Affiliation
Sleep Disorders Center, Avesta Hospital, Sweden. jan.ulfberg@ltdalarna.se
Source
Health Care Women Int. 2000 Mar;21(2):81-90
Date
Mar-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Family Health
Fatigue - etiology - psychology
Female
Headache - etiology - psychology
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Noise - adverse effects
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sleep Disorders - etiology - psychology
Sleep Stages
Snoring - physiopathology
Spouses - psychology
Abstract
Women living with heavy snorers were more frequently affected by symptoms of insomnia, morning headache, daytime sleepiness, and fatigue than women living with non-snorers. Questionnaire data were collected from 1,032 women 30 to 64 years of age residing in Dalarna county, in mid-Sweden. There were indications of a "dose-response relationship" between the conjectured sound exposure and reported symptoms, regardless of whether the female herself snored. Sleeping in separate bedrooms did not seem to give the women any alleviation. The results point to a possible contributory cause of disturbed sleep, morning headache, and daytime sleepiness among women living with a snoring spouse. The results also indicate that prevention and treatment of snoring are important issues for the couple as well as for the snorer.
PubMed ID
10818830 View in PubMed
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Adverse trajectories of mental health problems predict subsequent burnout and work-family conflict - a longitudinal study of employed women with children followed over 18 years.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature282979
Source
BMC Psychiatry. 2016 Nov 08;16(1):384
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-08-2016
Author
Wendy Nilsen
Anni Skipstein
Evangelia Demerouti
Source
BMC Psychiatry. 2016 Nov 08;16(1):384
Date
Nov-08-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Burnout, Professional - epidemiology - psychology
Child
Conflict (Psychology)
Employment - psychology
Family Characteristics
Family Conflict
Fatigue - psychology
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Mental Health - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Mothers - psychology
Norway
Women, Working - psychology
Abstract
The long-term consequence of experiencing mental health problems may lead to several adverse outcomes. The current study aims to validate previous identified trajectories of mental health problems from 1993 to 2006 in women by examining their implications on subsequent work and family-related outcomes in 2011.
Employed women (n?=?439) with children were drawn from the Tracking Opportunities and Problems-Study (TOPP), a community-based longitudinal study following Norwegian families across 18 years. Previous identified latent profiles of mental health trajectories (i.e., High; Moderate; Low-rising and Low levels of mental health problems over time) measured at six time points between 1993 and 2006 were examined as predictors of burnout (e.g., exhaustion and disengagement from work) and work-family conflict in 2011 in univariate and multivariate analyses of variance adjusted for potential confounders (age, job demands, and negative emotionality).
We found that having consistently High and Moderate symptoms as well as Low-Rising symptoms from 1993 to 2006 predicted higher levels of exhaustion, disengagement from work and work-family conflict in 2011. Findings remained unchanged when adjusting for several potential confounders, but when adjusting for current mental health problems only levels of exhaustion were predicted by the mental health trajectories.
The study expands upon previous studies on the field by using a longer time span and by focusing on employed women with children who experience different patterns of mental health trajectories. The long-term effect of these trajectories highlight and validate the importance of early identification and prevention in women experiencing adverse patterns of mental health problems with regards to subsequent work and family-related outcomes.
Notes
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PubMed ID
27825325 View in PubMed
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[A hygienic assessment of the work of students on Macintosh computers].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature201610
Source
Gig Sanit. 1999 May-Jun;(3):45-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
E A Gel'tishcheva
T Zh Khusainov
G N Zhichkina
N V Serik
Source
Gig Sanit. 1999 May-Jun;(3):45-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Computer User Training - statistics & numerical data
Electromagnetic fields - adverse effects
Higher Nervous Activity
Humans
Information Science - education
Mental Fatigue - etiology - physiopathology
Microcomputers - statistics & numerical data
Moscow
Refraction, Ocular
Abstract
Various kinds of works of 6-11th-form schoolchildren on Macintosh computers were physiologically and hygienically assessed at the lesson of information science and computer engineering (ISCE), as well as typing. The fatigue of a visual analyzer was due to the time of looking through the data available on the display; the adverse changes of the higher nervous activity depends on the complexity of educational materials and the intensity of work on a computer. Three-hour studies in ISCE should be excluded from the time able of lessons as they do not meet hygienic requirements.
PubMed ID
10394738 View in PubMed
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892 records – page 1 of 90.