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429 records – page 1 of 43.

Source
Lakartidningen. 2006 Sep 13-19;103(37):2662; discussion 2665-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
Seidal Tomas
Author Affiliation
Länsjukhuset i Halmstad. tomas.seidal@lthalland.se
Source
Lakartidningen. 2006 Sep 13-19;103(37):2662; discussion 2665-6
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal - ethics - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
European Union
Female
Humans
International Cooperation
Pregnancy
Sweden
Travel
Women's Rights
Notes
Comment On: Lakartidningen. 2006 Jul 26-Aug 8;103(30-31):2238-916921980
Comment On: Lakartidningen. 2006 Jun 28-Jul 11;103(26-27):2067; discussion 206716881284
PubMed ID
17022188 View in PubMed
Less detail

Access Governance for Biobanks: The Case of the BioSHaRE-EU Cohorts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279361
Source
Biopreserv Biobank. 2016 Jun;14(3):201-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2016
Author
Jane Kaye
Linda Briceño Moraia
Colin Mitchell
Jessica Bell
Jasper Adriaan Bovenberg
Anne-Marie Tassé
Bartha Maria Knoppers
Source
Biopreserv Biobank. 2016 Jun;14(3):201-6
Date
Jun-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biological Specimen Banks - legislation & jurisprudence - organization & administration
Biomedical Research - legislation & jurisprudence
Cooperative Behavior
Databases, Factual
European Union
Finland
Germany
Humans
Information Dissemination - legislation & jurisprudence
Interprofessional Relations
Netherlands
Norway
United Kingdom
Abstract
Currently, researchers have to apply separately to individual biobanks if they want to carry out studies that use samples and data from multiple biobanks. This article analyzes the access governance arrangements of the original five biobank members of the Biobank Standardisation and Harmonisation for Research Excellence in the European Union (BioSHaRE-EU) project in Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and the United Kingdom to identify similarities and differences in policies and procedures, and consider the potential for internal policy "harmonization." Our analysis found differences in the range of researchers and organizations eligible to access biobanks; application processes; requirements for Research Ethics Committee approval; and terms of Material Transfer Agreements relating to ownership and commercialization. However, the main elements of access are the same across biobanks; access will be granted to bona fide researchers conducting research in the public interest, and all biobanks will consider the scientific merit of the proposed use and it's compatibility with the biobank's objectives. These findings suggest potential areas for harmonization across biobanks. This could be achieved through a single centralized application to a number of biobanks or a system of mutual recognition that places a presumption in favor of access to one biobank if already approved by another member of the same consortium. Biobanking and Biomolecular Resources Research Infrastructure-European Research Infrastructure Consortia (BBMRI-ERIC), a European consortium of biobanks and bioresources with its own ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) common service, could provide a platform by developing guidelines for harmonized internal processes.
PubMed ID
27183185 View in PubMed
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Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2006 Sep 4;168(36):3008-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-4-2006
Author
Marie L Nørredam
Annette Sonne Nielsen
Allan Krasnik
Author Affiliation
Københavns Universitet, Institut for Folkesundhedsvidenskab, Afdeling for Sundhedstjenesteforskning, København K. m.norredam@pubhealth.ku.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2006 Sep 4;168(36):3008-11
Date
Sep-4-2006
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cultural Characteristics
Denmark - epidemiology - ethnology
Emigration and Immigration
European Union
Health Services Accessibility
Human Rights
Humans
Morbidity
Mortality
Red Cross
Refugees - psychology
Transients and Migrants - psychology
Abstract
Migrants include a broad category of individuals moving from one place to another, either forced or voluntarily. Ethnicity and migration are interacting concepts which may act as determinants for migrants' health and access to health care. This access to health care may be measured by studying utilisation patterns or clinical outcomes like morbidity and mortality. Migrants' access to health care may be affected by several factors relating to formal and informal barriers. Informal barriers include economic and legal restrictions. Formal barriers include language and psychological and sociocultural factors.
Notes
ReprintIn: Dan Med Bull. 2007 Feb;54(1):48-917349225
PubMed ID
16999890 View in PubMed
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[Active measures for promoting the employment of aging workers--report of an inclusive European Union Specialty Congress in Turku, Finland].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature196979
Source
Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2000 Aug;33(4):262-4
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Date
Aug-2000
Author
G. Naegele
Author Affiliation
Institut für Gerontologie, Universität Dortmund.
Source
Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2000 Aug;33(4):262-4
Date
Aug-2000
Language
German
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Keywords
Aged
Employment - trends
Europe
European Union
Female
Finland
Forecasting
Geriatric Assessment
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Work Capacity Evaluation
Abstract
This article summarizes the most important results of the Turku Conference on active strategies for an aging workforce, which took place in Turku/Finland in 1999. About 140 experts from all EU-member states participated. The article can be seen as a contribution to the current change in the debate on labor market policy concerning older workers in Germany.
PubMed ID
11028276 View in PubMed
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[Activities of the regional occupational health center under present-day conditions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187073
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2002;(11):25-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
Author
I N Piktushanskaia
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2002;(11):25-30
Date
2002
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Coal Mining
European Union
Humans
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - prevention & control
Occupational Health Services - manpower - trends
Physical Examination
Pneumoconiosis - diagnosis - prevention & control
Russia
USSR
Abstract
The authors represented experience of contemporary activities of Occupational center in Rostov region, demonstrated efficiency of thorough medical examinations carried by mobile clinical and diagnostic laboratories, suggested 4-levels structure of occupational service organization.
PubMed ID
12520907 View in PubMed
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[ADOPT study: which first-line glucose-lowering oral medication in type 2 diabetes?].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature164781
Source
Rev Med Liege. 2007 Jan;62(1):48-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2007
Author
A J Scheen
Author Affiliation
Université de Liège, Belgique.
Source
Rev Med Liege. 2007 Jan;62(1):48-52
Date
Jan-2007
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Administration, Oral
Belgium
Canada
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - drug therapy - economics
Double-Blind Method
European Union
Glyburide - therapeutic use
Humans
Hypoglycemic agents - therapeutic use
Metformin - therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Quality of Life
Thiazolidinediones - therapeutic use
Treatment Outcome
United States
Abstract
ADOPT ("A Diabetes Outcome Progression Trial") is a double-blind, controlled clinical trial that aims at assessing the efficacy of rosiglitazone, as compared to metformin or glibenclamide, in maintaining long-term glycaemic control in patients with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes. It randomized 4,360 patients who were followed for a median of 4.0 years. The cumulative incidence of monotherapy failure (defined as a confirmed level of fasting plasma glucose level of more than 180 mg/dl) averaged at 5 years 15% with rosiglitazone, 21% with metformin, and 34% with glibenclamide. This represents a risk reduction for rosiglitazone of 32% as compared to metformin and 63% as compared to glibenclamide (P
PubMed ID
17343130 View in PubMed
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Ageing in the information society: a European perspective.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature207255
Source
Stud Health Technol Inform. 1998;48:23-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998

Aging in the United Kingdom and Europe--a snapshot of the future?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature83306
Source
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Sep;53(9 Suppl):S310-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2005
Author
Carpenter George Iain
Author Affiliation
Center for Health Services Studies, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK. G.I.Carpenter@kent.ac.uk
Source
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Sep;53(9 Suppl):S310-3
Date
Sep-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging - physiology
Caregivers
Community Health Services
Cultural Diversity
Europe
European Union
Forecasting
Great Britain
Home Care Services
Home Nursing
Humans
Life expectancy
Longevity - physiology
Political Systems
Social Conditions
Abstract
The implications for society of increasing life span to 120 years can only be guessed, but comparing the diversity of responses to aging in different countries may give insights into the possible effect. A European Union-funded study of the recipients of community care services in 11 European countries illustrates how such studies can help identify some of the issues. The study, made possible by the availability of a multidimensional standardized assessment for community care, illustrates how diversity of social and political history and culture results in widely different patterns of dependency in those cared for at home, different levels of formal care, and informal caregiver burden. There is wide variation in living arrangements, marital status, and dependency between countries. The average age of recipients of community care is approximately 82, regardless of the average age of the national population. In Italy, which has the oldest population in Europe, dependency in people supported at home in extended families is high, with little formal care and significant levels of informal caregiver burden. In contrast the Nordic countries have lower levels of dependency and greater proportions of people with no informal caregiver. In Germany, informal caregiver burden may be related to the regulatory mechanisms rather than dependency and levels of formal care. With a life expectancy of 120, it will be these 80-year-olds who will be caring for their parents. Although humankind is resourceful, it will require a unified approach to aging to overcome the challenging diversity in our societies.
PubMed ID
16131360 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Alcohol policy decisions to be made before joining the EEC: a liberal alcohol policy could be damaging]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11870
Source
Lakartidningen. 1992 May 20;89(21):1854, 1859
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-20-1992
Author
S. Andréasson
Author Affiliation
Samhällsmedicinska enheten, Huddinge sjukhus.
Source
Lakartidningen. 1992 May 20;89(21):1854, 1859
Date
May-20-1992
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - trends
Alcoholism - complications - economics - prevention & control
European Union
Health Services Needs and Demand - economics
Humans
Sweden
PubMed ID
1598046 View in PubMed
Less detail

Alcohol tax cuts and increase in alcohol-positive sudden deaths: a time-series intervention analysis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165175
Source
Addiction. 2007 Mar;102(3):362-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2007
Author
Anna Koski
Reino Sirén
Erkki Vuori
Kari Poikolainen
Author Affiliation
Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Addiction. 2007 Mar;102(3):362-8
Date
Mar-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking - economics - mortality
Death, Sudden - epidemiology - etiology
Estonia
European Union
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Mortality - trends
Taxes - economics
Abstract
The impact of alcohol regulation changes in Finland during 2004 on alcohol-positive sudden deaths was analysed, focusing on: (1) removal of traveller's allowance quotas on alcohol imports from other European Union (EU) countries, (2) lowering of Finnish alcohol excise duty rates and (3) Estonia joining the EU.
The impact of these changes was estimated using an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) analytical technique. Post-mortem forensic toxicology data were analysed over a 15-year period to account for seasonal and long-term variation. In all, the data comprised a weekly series of 33,782 alcohol-positive cases (at least 0.20 mg/g alcohol in blood) and a control series of 37,617 alcohol-negative cases.
Finland in 1990-2004.
The liberation of traveller's allowances had no material impact on alcohol-positive sudden deaths, but the impact of alcohol tax cuts in March 2004 was significant, resulting in an estimated eight additional alcohol-positive deaths per week, which is a 17% increase compared with the weekly average of 2003. The impact associated with Estonia joining the EU was not statistically significant. In the models applied to the control series of alcohol-negative deaths, none of the impact coefficients was statistically significant.
Alcohol tax cuts were associated with an increase in the number of sudden deaths involving alcohol. This parallels the reported increases in alcohol consumption and alcohol-related causes of death in 2004 in Finland.
Notes
Comment In: Addiction. 2007 Mar;102(3):346-717298638
PubMed ID
17298642 View in PubMed
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429 records – page 1 of 43.