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160 records – page 1 of 16.

Action programme to strengthen the position of women in the labour market, March 1985.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73985
Source
Annu Rev Popul Law. 1988;15:170
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
Source
Annu Rev Popul Law. 1988;15:170
Date
1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Behavior
Developed Countries
Economics
Education
Employment
Europe
Health Manpower
Legislation
Prejudice
Scandinavia
Social Behavior
Social Problems
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden
Women's Rights
Abstract
In March 1985, the Swedish Parliament allocated financial resources for an action program to strengthen the position of women in the labor market. This program is based on the recognition that special efforts are needed to interest girls in technical subjects at preschool age and to support women entering occupational fields where men predominate. The program includes: special technology courses for girls in grades eight and nine; further training of teaching and vocational personnel concerning equal opportunities; an experimental training scheme for women whose jobs are threatened by new technology; supportive back-up groups or study circles for women who have opted for nontraditional occupations; and the appointment of a special study group to analyze conditions for women in connection with structural changes in industry. The Government also instructed the National Board of Education to follow the progress of upper secondary school girls taking technical lines of study and to ascertain the extent to which special supporting measures are needed.
PubMed ID
12289304 View in PubMed
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Act No. 372 of 7 June 1989 on registered partnerships.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38223
Source
Annu Rev Popul Law. 1989;16:56
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Source
Annu Rev Popul Law. 1989;16:56
Date
1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Behavior
Denmark
Developed Countries
Divorce
Economics
Europe
Financial Management
Homosexuality
Legislation
Marriage
Ownership
Scandinavia
Sexual Behavior
Social Welfare
Socioeconomic Factors
Taxes
Wills
Abstract
This Danish law authorizes persons of the same sex to register their partnership and be treated legally in most cases as persons in heterosexual partnerships are treated, notably with respect to marriage, divorce, succession, and social and tax laws. Nonetheless, persons in such partnerships are not treated the same as heterosexuals with respect to adoption of children and the right to obtain a religious celebration of their partnership.
PubMed ID
12344468 View in PubMed
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[Adult body height in women in Cordoba, Argentina, and exploration of the current trend (1978-198)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature33466
Source
Rev Panam Salud Publica. 1999 Jan;5(1):17-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1999
Author
F. Agrelo
L R Pascual
B. Lobo
J. Sabulsky
Author Affiliation
Ministerio de Salud de la Provincia de Córdoba, Departamento de Maternidad e Infancia, Argentina.
Source
Rev Panam Salud Publica. 1999 Jan;5(1):17-22
Date
Jan-1999
Language
Spanish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Argentina
Body Height
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Europe
Female
Growth
Humans
Japan
Nutritional Status
Reference Standards
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors
United States
Abstract
The objective of this work was to contribute local data concerning the full adult height of women in Cordoba, Argentina, and to explore the possibility of a secular trend in their heights. For the study, 513 women were examined during May and June 1994. All of the women were between 18 and 40 years of age and were mothers of children who were included in a study on lactation, feeding, growth, and development in Córdoba. The measurements were carried out applying standardized techniques and using as a reference standard the 50th-percentile level data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. The mean full height of the Córdoba population studied was 157.9 cm, 0.97 standard deviation (SD) below the reference norm. For the women from the highest of six socioeconomic strata, the mean height was 159.7 cm (-0.67 SD); the mean for women from the lowest stratum was 156.2 cm (-1.25 SD). The difference in the means of those two socioeconomic groups was statistically significant (P
PubMed ID
10050610 View in PubMed
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The aetiology of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature3952
Source
Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2001 Apr;26(2):82-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2001
Author
A L McDermott
S N Dutt
J C Watkinson
Author Affiliation
Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham University, Birmingham, UK.
Source
Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2001 Apr;26(2):82-92
Date
Apr-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Africa - epidemiology
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Asia - epidemiology
Carcinoma - classification - epidemiology - etiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Europe - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms - epidemiology - ethnology - etiology
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a disease with a remarkable racial and geographical distribution. In most parts of the world it is a rare condition and in only a handful of places does this low risk profile alter. These include the Southern Chinese, Eskimos and other Arctic natives, inhabitants of South-East Asia and also the populations of North Africa and Kuwait.
PubMed ID
11309046 View in PubMed
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[Alcoholism--how big is the problem? Epidemologic points of view].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature253566
Source
Lakartidningen. 1974 Apr 3;71(14):1417-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-3-1974

An econometric test of structural change in the demographic transition.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature39626
Source
Scand J Econ. 1985;87(3):554-67
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
Author
S E Haynes
L. Phillips
H L Votey
Source
Scand J Econ. 1985;87(3):554-67
Date
1985
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Demography
Developed Countries
Economics
England
Europe
Family Characteristics
Fertility
Finland
Great Britain
Infant mortality
Models, Economic
Models, Theoretical
Mortality
Norway
Population
Population Dynamics
Research
Scandinavia
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden
Wales
Abstract
"The structural change model of the demographic transition developed by Easterlin and others is explored empirically by applying the Brown, Durbin and Evans test of structural change to annual data from the transitions of Sweden, Norway, England and Wales, and Finland. The evidence strongly supports the structural change model over traditional models (based on gradual changes in explanatory variables), indicating a supply response of fertility to declining illness and death during the early stages of transition, and a demand response to the death of children during the latter stages, when families are likely to have achieved desired size."
PubMed ID
12267783 View in PubMed
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[An increasing number of births outside marriage]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36818
Source
Econ Stat. 1992 Feb;(251):3-13, 57, 59
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1992
Author
B. Rabin
Source
Econ Stat. 1992 Feb;(251):3-13, 57, 59
Date
Feb-1992
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Comparative Study
Developed Countries
Economics
English Abstract
Europe
France
Geography
Illegitimacy
Population
Research
Social Problems
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
"In 1990, more than 30% of the children born in France were born out of wedlock, which puts France in the second place behind Denmark in the European Community. The proportion of illegitimate births, which has been growing since the sixties, has greatly increased over the last decade. Simultaneously, the differences associated [with] the distinction between illegitimate and legitimate births have become less visible: geographical or social disparities are less noticeable, and today both married and unmarried women have children later in life." (SUMMARY IN ENG AND SPA)
PubMed ID
12343715 View in PubMed
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Are IADLs comparable across countries? Sociodemographic associates of harmonized IADL measures.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature52041
Source
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2003 Dec;15(6):451-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2003
Author
Suvi Nikula
Marja Jylhä
Carola Bardage
Dorly J H Deeg
Jacob Gindin
Nadia Minicuci
Saskia M F Pluijm
Angel Rodríguez-Laso
Author Affiliation
University of Tampere, School of Public Health, Tampere, Finland. Suvi.Nikula@uta.fi
Source
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2003 Dec;15(6):451-9
Date
Dec-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aging
Comparative Study
Demography
Europe
Female
Geriatric Assessment
Humans
Internationality
Israel
Male
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Sex Characteristics
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Independence in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) is determined not only by physical ability but also by the environmental and cultural surroundings of the individual. The present study describes the harmonization of data on IADL functioning of the Comparison of Longitudinal European Studies on Aging (CLESA) Project. The focus of this report is to examine the comparability of IADLs across countries and to study the association of IADLs with age, gender and socioeconomic status, and the scalability of the measure. METHODS: The study base includes data from five European countries (Finland, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden) and Israel, for older people aged 65-89 living both in the community and in institutions, for a total of 11,557 subjects. In this report, only community-dwelling respondents were included (N=8420). The common IADL items in all six countries were: preparing meals, shopping, and doing housework. The analyses include how these items are distributed by age group and gender, and the associations between independence in these items and socioeconomic status (SES) with logistic regression modeling. The scale properties of these three items are also examined. RESULTS: Independence in IADLs decreases steadily with age in all countries. Associations with gender and SES follow largely similar patterns across countries. The reliability of the 3-item scale is satisfactory in most countries, and Cronbach's alpha-coefficient for the complete CLESA sample was 0.75. CONCLUSIONS: The associations between sociodemographic variables and independence in preparing meals, shopping, and doing housework are similar across countries. Results suggest that the predictors of IADLs in different countries are comparable.
PubMed ID
14959947 View in PubMed
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Attempted and completed suicide in older subjects: results from the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study of Suicidal Behaviour.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature68359
Source
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2001 Mar;16(3):300-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2001
Author
D. De Leo
W. Padoani
P. Scocco
D. Lie
U. Bille-Brahe
E. Arensman
H. Hjelmeland
P. Crepet
C. Haring
K. Hawton
J. Lonnqvist
K. Michel
X. Pommereau
I. Querejeta
J. Phillipe
E. Salander-Renberg
A. Schmidtke
S. Fricke
B. Weinacker
B. Tamesvary
D. Wasserman
S. Faria
Author Affiliation
WHO Collaborating Centre on Suicide Prevention, Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences, University of Padua, Italy.
Source
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2001 Mar;16(3):300-10
Date
Mar-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Distribution
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Europe - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Marital status
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Socioeconomic Factors
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The authors present an analysis of findings for the 65 years and over age group from the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study of Suicidal Behaviour (1989-93). METHODS: Multinational data on non-fatal suicidal behaviour is derived from 1518 subjects in 16 European centres. Local district data on suicide were available from 10 of the collaborating centres. RESULTS: Stockholm (Sweden), Pontoise (France) and Oxford (UK) had the highest suicide attempts rates. In most centres, the majority of elderly who attempted suicide were widow(er)s, often living alone, who used predominantly voluntary drug ingestion. Non-fatal suicidal behaviour decreased with increasing age, whereas suicide rates rose. The ratio between fatal and non-fatal behaviours was 1:2, that for males/females almost 1:1. In the years considered, substantial stability in suicide and attempted suicide rates was observed. As their age increased, suicidal subjects displayed only a limited tendency to repeat self-destructive acts. Moreover, there was little correlation between attempted suicide and suicide rates, which carries different clinical implications for non-fatal suicidal behaviour in the elderly compared with younger subjects in the same WHO/EURO study.
PubMed ID
11288165 View in PubMed
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Attitudes and behavior of young European adults towards the donation of organs--a call for better information.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature74955
Source
Am J Transplant. 2001 May;1(1):74-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2001
Author
T. Gross
S. Martinoli
G. Spagnoli
F. Badia
R. Malacrida
Author Affiliation
Department of Surgery, Ospedale Civico, Lugano, Switzerland. tgross@uhbs.ch
Source
Am J Transplant. 2001 May;1(1):74-81
Date
May-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude to Death
Attitude to Health
Behavior
Europe
Health education
Health Surveys
Humans
Italy
Questionnaires
Religion
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden
Tissue Donors - psychology
Abstract
Public perception of organ donation critically affects the availability of organ transplantation in the Western world. To assess the attitude of young adults towards the donation of organs and to investigate potential factors influencing their knowledge and actual behavior regarding organ transplantation, we evaluated a handout questionnaire survey of all Swiss-Italian recruits during six of the years 1989-98 (n = 7272). The attitude of recruits towards organ donation did not change significantly within the 10-year survey period: 61% of young men would personally donate their organs in the case of brain death, 13% would refuse, and 26% had not made up their mind. If they had to decide for close relatives, 50% would consent; 60% of recruits neither knew their next of kin's attitude nor had informed them about their own opinion; 80% felt they were insufficiently informed about organ transplantation. A significantly more positive attitude towards organ donation was found among men who felt they were sufficiently informed, who had close next of kin who were aware of their personal attitude (p
PubMed ID
12095043 View in PubMed
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160 records – page 1 of 16.