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130 records – page 1 of 13.

[A comparative analysis of organization of care for patients with stroke in Russia, Europe and the United States].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature177271
Source
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2004;(Suppl 11):64-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
A V Stakhovskaia
V V Gudkova
M V Kolesnikov
M A Evzel'man
Source
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2004;(Suppl 11):64-8
Date
2004
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Brain Ischemia - therapy
Delivery of Health Care - organization & administration
Emergency Medical Services - organization & administration
Europe
Health Services Needs and Demand - organization & administration
Humans
Russia
United States
Abstract
Studies of the systems of medical care for patients with acute disorders of brain circulation indicate that well-organized "stroke" service promotes morbidity decrease, lowers neurological deficit expression and restriction of social and daily activities. At the same time, there are essential differences in the scope of the medical care, which a patient can receive in different countries and no consensus on the most optimal system of medical scope for patients with stroke at different stages. The recent statistical reviews confirm that a patient admitted to specialized stroke departments has a less chance to die or to be a handicap. The article analyzes current systems service for patients with acute disorders of brain blood circulation in the United States, Europe and Russia.
PubMed ID
15559225 View in PubMed
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[AIDS in Russia. It is still possible to stop the epidemic. Interview with Dr. A.P. Koslov]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature7803
Source
SidAlerte. 1996 Jun-Jul;(54-55):9-10
Publication Type
Article
Author
P. Bertrand
Source
SidAlerte. 1996 Jun-Jul;(54-55):9-10
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Developed Countries
Disease
Economics
English Abstract
Europe
Europe, Eastern
HIV Infections
International Cooperation
Research
Russia
Technology
Vaccines
Virus Diseases
Abstract
According to A.P. Koslov, president of the Fourth International Conference on AIDS, Cancer, and Associated Diseases held in Russia in 1996, the conference represents the first high level discussion of AIDS risk management in Russia. Russia has a strong potential for development of a vaccine, having been a key player in the smallpox eradication program in the late 1950s. Conditions are difficult at present, but it is possible that Russia will be able to develop a practical vaccine for distribution in the Third World. Efforts to develop an HIV vaccine underway in different countries have been examined, and a list has been compiled of Russian institutions able to participate in HIV vaccine development. International assistance for vaccine development in Russia would help both the medical establishment in Russia, which has suffered because of the economic and social crisis, and the international community. A meeting is planned for December 1996 in St. Petersburg to organize an AIDS control organization for all of Russia. Mobilization of support for AIDS prevention activities is necessary but very difficult. If nothing is done, the epidemic in Ukraine will soon spread to Russia. But Russia and China are among the few countries where an HIV epidemic could still be prevented or stopped. The association in St. Petersburg cooperates with other former Soviet republics in AIDS control activities, although attendance at international meetings and conferences is frequently curtailed for financial reasons.
PubMed ID
12179251 View in PubMed
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[Analysis of the state and the concept of modernization of radiation oncology and medical physics in Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature106042
Source
Vopr Onkol. 2013;59(5):529-38
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013

Ancient DNA reveals prehistoric gene-flow from siberia in the complex human population history of North East Europe.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature115842
Source
PLoS Genet. 2013;9(2):e1003296
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Clio Der Sarkissian
Oleg Balanovsky
Guido Brandt
Valery Khartanovich
Alexandra Buzhilova
Sergey Koshel
Valery Zaporozhchenko
Detlef Gronenborn
Vyacheslav Moiseyev
Eugen Kolpakov
Vladimir Shumkin
Kurt W Alt
Elena Balanovska
Alan Cooper
Wolfgang Haak
Author Affiliation
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
Source
PLoS Genet. 2013;9(2):e1003296
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Archaeology
DNA, Mitochondrial - genetics
Europe
European Continental Ancestry Group - genetics
Gene Flow
Genetic Variation
Genetics, Population
Genome, Mitochondrial
Genotype
Haplotypes
Humans
Population Dynamics
Russia
Scandinavia
Siberia
Abstract
North East Europe harbors a high diversity of cultures and languages, suggesting a complex genetic history. Archaeological, anthropological, and genetic research has revealed a series of influences from Western and Eastern Eurasia in the past. While genetic data from modern-day populations is commonly used to make inferences about their origins and past migrations, ancient DNA provides a powerful test of such hypotheses by giving a snapshot of the past genetic diversity. In order to better understand the dynamics that have shaped the gene pool of North East Europeans, we generated and analyzed 34 mitochondrial genotypes from the skeletal remains of three archaeological sites in northwest Russia. These sites were dated to the Mesolithic and the Early Metal Age (7,500 and 3,500 uncalibrated years Before Present). We applied a suite of population genetic analyses (principal component analysis, genetic distance mapping, haplotype sharing analyses) and compared past demographic models through coalescent simulations using Bayesian Serial SimCoal and Approximate Bayesian Computation. Comparisons of genetic data from ancient and modern-day populations revealed significant changes in the mitochondrial makeup of North East Europeans through time. Mesolithic foragers showed high frequencies and diversity of haplogroups U (U2e, U4, U5a), a pattern observed previously in European hunter-gatherers from Iberia to Scandinavia. In contrast, the presence of mitochondrial DNA haplogroups C, D, and Z in Early Metal Age individuals suggested discontinuity with Mesolithic hunter-gatherers and genetic influx from central/eastern Siberia. We identified remarkable genetic dissimilarities between prehistoric and modern-day North East Europeans/Saami, which suggests an important role of post-Mesolithic migrations from Western Europe and subsequent population replacement/extinctions. This work demonstrates how ancient DNA can improve our understanding of human population movements across Eurasia. It contributes to the description of the spatio-temporal distribution of mitochondrial diversity and will be of significance for future reconstructions of the history of Europeans.
Notes
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PubMed ID
23459685 View in PubMed
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[Approaches of European and Russian legislation in the field of management of medical waste].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264433
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):9-13
Publication Type
Article
Author
N M Samutin
N V Rusakov
N N Butorina
N S Kobzev
A K Ustinov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Nov-Dec;93(6):9-13
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Europe
Humans
Hygiene - legislation & jurisprudence
Medical Waste - legislation & jurisprudence
Refuse Disposal - legislation & jurisprudence
Russia
Waste Management - legislation & jurisprudence
Abstract
A comparative analysis of Russian and European legislation concerning to the waste management has been performed. There were revealed principal differences in Russian and European legislation in methodology of the waste classification. In Europe, there is no methodology for breaking up waste into hazard classes, and for the denomination of the danger there are used hazard lists which fail to give information about the extent of their danger. Medical waste in the European legislation are not selected into the separate category as being included in terms of articles and lists in the annexes to the directives or other legal acts. There are considered requirements of the Russian and European legislation in the area of the landfill waste burial. In the frameworks of the proposals for the implementation of international experience in the waste management there was drafted the project of Sanitary rules on hygiene requirements to the arrangement and the contents of landfills for residential solid waste, which includes requirements concerning not only residential solid waste, but also medical waste.
PubMed ID
25950037 View in PubMed
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Arctic plant origins and early formation of circumarctic distributions: a case study of the mountain sorrel, Oxyria digyna.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276667
Source
New Phytol. 2016 Jan;209(1):343-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2016
Author
Qian Wang
Jianquan Liu
Geraldine A Allen
Yazhen Ma
Wei Yue
Kendrick L Marr
Richard J Abbott
Source
New Phytol. 2016 Jan;209(1):343-53
Date
Jan-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Arctic Regions
Atlantic Ocean
Base Sequence
China
Europe
Genetic Variation
Greenland
Molecular Sequence Data
North America
Phylogeography
Plastids - genetics
Polygonaceae - genetics
Russia
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Tibet
Abstract
Many plant species comprising the present-day Arctic flora are thought to have originated in the high mountains of North America and Eurasia, migrated northwards as global temperatures fell during the late Tertiary period, and thereafter attained a circumarctic distribution. However, supporting evidence for this hypothesis that provides a temporal framework for the origin, spread and initial attainment of a circumarctic distribution by an arctic plant is currently lacking. Here we examined the origin and initial formation of a circumarctic distribution of the arctic mountain sorrel (Oxyria digyna) by conducting a phylogeographic analysis of plastid and nuclear gene DNA variation. We provide evidence for an origin of this species in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of southwestern China, followed by migration into Russia c. 11 million yr ago (Ma), eastwards into North America by c. 4 Ma, and westwards into Western Europe by c. 1.96 Ma. Thereafter, the species attained a circumarctic distribution by colonizing Greenland from both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Following the arrival of the species in North America and Europe, population sizes appear to have increased and then stabilized there over the last 1 million yr. However, in Greenland a marked reduction followed by an expansion in population size is indicated to have occurred during the Pleistocene.
PubMed ID
26197783 View in PubMed
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Barcelona 2002: law, ethics, and human rights. The need for harm-reduction approaches in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature181838
Source
Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev. 2002 Dec;7(2-3):84-8
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Date
Dec-2002
Author
Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch
Source
Can HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev. 2002 Dec;7(2-3):84-8
Date
Dec-2002
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Keywords
Europe, Eastern
HIV Infections - prevention & control - transmission
Harm Reduction
Humans
Russia
Spain
Substance Abuse, Intravenous
Abstract
In a region where HIV is spread primarily by injection drug use, harm-reduction strategies must be the mainstay of prevention efforts. In her plenary presentation to the XIV International Conference on AIDS on 9 July 2002, Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch asserts that if the world does not turn its attention to the emerging and exploding epidemic in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, the region will suffer the same fate as Africa. The presentation explains that while their economies continue to struggle, the countries in the region have seen their public health systems crumble in the face of the twin health crises of injection drug use and HIV infection. The presentation demonstrates how current repressive laws and practices with respect to drug use serve only to fuel the epidemic. It describes harm-reduction approaches (such as needle exchanges and drug-treatment programs) and provides examples of how NGOs in the region have been attempting to implement such approaches, often with little or no support from governments. Finally, the presentation outlines other measures required to respond to the epidemic in the region, including ensuring that people infected with HIV can access care, treatment, and support services.
PubMed ID
14743816 View in PubMed
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The bees of the genus Colletes Latreille 1802 of the European part of Russia, with keys to species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Colletidae).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature277728
Source
Zootaxa. 2014 Oct 24;3878(3):201-47
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-24-2014
Author
Michael Kuhlmann
Maxim Yu Proshchalykin
Source
Zootaxa. 2014 Oct 24;3878(3):201-47
Date
Oct-24-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animal Distribution
Animal Structures - anatomy & histology - growth & development
Animals
Bees - anatomy & histology - classification - growth & development
Body Size
Europe
Female
Male
Organ Size
Russia
Abstract
For the European part of Russia 30 species of the bee genus Colletes are recorded. Colletes subnitens Noskiewicz 1936, C. wacki Kuhlmann 2002 and C. warnckei Kuhlmann 2002 were found in Russia for the first time and C. kozlovi Friese 1913 is newly recorded from the European part of Russia. For Colletes kozlovi, C. subnitens and C. wacki this is the first record for Europe. The female of C. subnitens Noskiewicz is here described for the first time. Illustrated keys to males and females of all species known from European part of Russia are provided.
PubMed ID
25544444 View in PubMed
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130 records – page 1 of 13.