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Novel Type of Chronic Wasting Disease Detected in Moose (Alces alces), Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature300925
Source
Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 12; 24(12):2210-2218
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
12-2018
Author
Laura Pirisinu
Linh Tran
Barbara Chiappini
Ilaria Vanni
Michele A Di Bari
Gabriele Vaccari
Turid Vikøren
Knut Ivar Madslien
Jørn Våge
Terry Spraker
Gordon Mitchell
Aru Balachandran
Thierry Baron
Cristina Casalone
Christer M Rolandsen
Knut H Røed
Umberto Agrimi
Romolo Nonno
Sylvie L Benestad
Source
Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 12; 24(12):2210-2218
Date
12-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Animals
Animals, Wild
Brain
Canada - epidemiology
Europe
Female
Genotype
Immunohistochemistry
Norway
Prions - genetics
Public Health Surveillance
Reindeer
Sheep
Wasting Disease, Chronic - diagnosis - epidemiology
Abstract
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) persists in cervid populations of North America and in 2016 was detected for the first time in Europe in a wild reindeer in Norway. We report the detection of CWD in 3 moose (Alces alces) in Norway, identified through a large scale surveillance program. The cases occurred in 13-14-year-old female moose, and we detected an abnormal form of prion protein (PrPSc) in the brain but not in lymphoid tissues. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the moose shared the same neuropathologic phenotype, characterized by mostly intraneuronal deposition of PrPSc. This pattern differed from that observed in reindeer and has not been previously reported in CWD-infected cervids. Moreover, Western blot revealed a PrPSc type distinguishable from previous CWD cases and from known ruminant prion diseases in Europe, with the possible exception of sheep CH1641. These findings suggest that these cases in moose represent a novel type of CWD.
PubMed ID
30457526 View in PubMed
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Perceived child eating behaviours and maternal migrant background.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature301179
Source
Appetite. 2018 06 01; 125:302-313
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
06-01-2018
Author
Maria Somaraki
Karin Eli
Kimmo Sorjonen
Carl-Erik Flodmark
Claude Marcus
Myles S Faith
Christine Persson Osowski
Anna Ek
Paulina Nowicka
Author Affiliation
Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Source
Appetite. 2018 06 01; 125:302-313
Date
06-01-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Africa, Northern
Asia
Child
Child Behavior
Child, Preschool
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Emigrants and Immigrants
Ethnic Groups
Europe
Feeding Behavior
Female
Humans
Male
Middle East
Mother-Child Relations
Mothers
Obesity - epidemiology
Perception
Residence Characteristics
South America
Sweden - epidemiology
Transients and Migrants
Abstract
The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-related eating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This study aims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born mothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n?=?1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with higher education, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of children aged 3-8 years (mean age 4.8 years, 18.1% with overweight or obesity) completed the CEBQ. Responses were analysed using CEBQ subscales Food Responsiveness, Emotional Overeating, Enjoyment of Food, and Desire to Drink, clustering into Food Approach, and subscales Satiety Responsiveness, Slowness in Eating, Emotional Undereating, and Food Fussiness, clustering into Food Avoidance. Data were compared across seven regional groups, divided by maternal place of birth: (1) Sweden (n?=?941), (2) Nordic and Western Europe (n?=?68), (3) Eastern and Southern Europe (n?=?97), (4) the Middle East and North Africa (n?=?110), (5) East, South and Southeast Asia (n?=?52), (6) Sub-Saharan Africa (n?=?16), and (7) Central and South America (n?=?26). Crude, partly and fully adjusted linear regression models controlled for child's age, gender and weight status, and mother's education, weight status and concern about child weight. The moderation effect of maternal concern about child weight was examined through interaction analyses. Results showed that while Food Approach and Food Avoidance behaviours were associated with maternal migrant background, associations for Food Fussiness were limited. Notably, mothers born in the Middle East and North Africa reported higher frequencies of both Food Approach (except for Enjoyment of Food) and Food Avoidance. The study highlights the importance of examining how regionally-specific maternal migrant background affects mothers' perceptions of child eating behaviours.
PubMed ID
29438715 View in PubMed
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