Patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) experience increased rates of mortality and morbidity in adulthood. This study was designed to identify risk factors for death and ventricular tachycardia (VT) in a large contemporary cohort of patients with repaired TOF.
Subjects with repaired TOF from four large congenital heart centres in the USA, Canada and Europe were enrolled. Clinical, ECG, exercise, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and outcome data were analysed.
Of the 873 patients (median age 24.4 years), 32 (3.7%) reached the primary outcome (28 deaths, 4 sustained VT; median age at outcome 38 years; median time from CMR to outcome 1.9 years). Cox proportional-hazards regression identified RV mass-to-volume ratio = 0.3 g/mL (HR, 5.04; 95% CI 2.3 to 11.0; p
Cites: J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Mar 17;43(6):1068-7415028368
Although early survival after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair in the modern era is excellent, studies on late outcomes have shown increasing rates of mortality and morbidity. Despite multiple publications on factors associated with late complications, risk factors for major outcomes (death and sustained ventricular tachycardia [VT]) remain poorly defined. Consequently, the International Multicenter TOF Registry (INDICATOR) was established. This article describes the development, structure, and goals of this registry and characterizes the initial cohort derived from four large congenital heart centers in the United States, Canada, and Europe. A data coordinating center with a core cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) laboratory and statistical core was established. Subjects with repaired TOF who had CMR imaging performed between 1997 and 2010 and = 1 year follow-up were included. Clinical end points were death and sustained VT. Demographic, electrophysiologic, exercise, and outcome data were collected. A total of 873 subjects fulfilled inclusion criteria (median age at repair 2.9 years and at CMR imaging 22.8 years). Of these, 9 % had QRS duration >180 ms on electrocardiogram (ECG). On CMR imaging, 38 % had severe right-ventricular (RV) dilatation (= 160 mL/m(2)), and 6 % had severe RV dysfunction (ejection fraction