Congenital ciliary dysfunctions are recessively inherited disorders. The disorder is poorly recognized, if the patient has no situs inversus. The diagnosis is delayed, being made on the average at the age of over five years. The review deals with a recent European multinational survey of the occurrence, genetics, diagnostics and treatment of congenital ciliary dysfunctions. Data of Finnish pediatric patients under treatment have also been collected for the survey. The number of congenital ciliary dysfunctions found in Finland is approximately one fifth of that found in other Nordic countries.
The number of cases with tick-borne encephalitis in Europe has increased particularly in the 1990's, and new regions have become endemic. Ixodes persulcatus, i.e. the taiga tick, is found on the west coast of Finland along the Närpiö-Simo axis. This tick has not been encountered in other parts of Western Europe. In Kokkola archipelago it transmits the Siberian subtype of tick-borne encephalitis virus. We describe the first and fatal case of tick-borne encephalitis transmitted by the "taiga tick" in Finland.
Trends in suicide mortality in Europe from 1950 to 2009 were studied.
Data on 4,777,113 suicides in addition to the data on population were extracted from the WHO Mortality Database.
In Europe, there was an increase in suicide mortality during the 1980s and the 1990s, followed by a decrease. The suicide mortality of Finnish men has decreased from the highest rate in the 1950s to the ninth place in the 2000s. In contrast, the suicide mortality of Finnish women is currently the second highest in Europe.
Continuous work and research are needed to enhance suicide prevention at the regional level.
In the DRUID (Driving under the influence of drugs, alcohol and medicines) study, the risk of injury and death was calculated for different psychoactive substances on the basis of samples collected from drivers in road traffic and in various accident situations. The number of persons having used alcohol or drugs with negative effects on the ability to drive was lower in Finland than in Europe on the average. Aggravated drunk drivers and mixed substance abusers pose an accident risk that can be several hundredfold higher compared with sober drivers. More attention should be focused on traffic risks due to mixed use of drugs and alcohol.