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3445 records – page 1 of 345.

[10 years with HIV/AIDS. New dimensions in old ethical problems. Abolish compulsory testing, impose time-limit on isolation]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8159
Source
Lakartidningen. 1992 Jul 8;89(28-29):2458-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-8-1992
Author
O. Berglund
Author Affiliation
Infektionskliniken, Huddinge sjukhus.
Source
Lakartidningen. 1992 Jul 8;89(28-29):2458-60
Date
Jul-8-1992
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
AIDS Serodiagnosis - psychology
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - diagnosis - prevention & control - psychology
Adult
Ethics, Medical
HIV Seropositivity - diagnosis - psychology
Humans
Legislation, Medical
Male
Patient Isolation - psychology
Sweden
Notes
Comment In: Lakartidningen. 1993 Sep 8;90(36):29498366718
PubMed ID
1507968 View in PubMed
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[47-percent 6-months-long survival for intensive care patients over 80].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198302
Source
Lakartidningen. 2000 Apr 26;97(17):2066-70
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-26-2000
Author
N. Lindqvist
O. Lindqvist
Author Affiliation
Universitetssjukhuset i Lund. ninnilindqvist@iname.com
Source
Lakartidningen. 2000 Apr 26;97(17):2066-70
Date
Apr-26-2000
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Ethics, Medical
Female
Humans
Intensive Care - economics
Length of Stay
Male
Quality of Life
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Survivors - psychology
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
All 112 patients aged 80 and above treated at the intensive care unit at the University Hospital in Lund, Sweden 1994-1995 were followed-up retrospectively in terms of six-month survival (SMS) and for survivors in terms of quality of life. Overall SMS was the same for both men and women--47%. Patients with the poorest SMS were those aged 90 and above with only one patient out of eleven surviving six months. Patients admitted for severe heart failure also showed a very poor outcome with SMS 27%. Patients were grouped in terms of living conditions prior to admission to the ICU, and a significant difference in six-month survival was noted between those living in their own homes (53%) prior to admission compared to those coming from a nursing home (25%). Patients surviving six months were interviewed by telephone regarding their living situation in March 1997. More than 50% of survivors were living in their own homes with external help no more than once a day. The average APACHE II score was 14.9 +/- 8.2. The average score for patients surviving six months was 13.4 +/- 5.9 and for those not surviving six months 16.8 +/- 5.1. No significant statistical difference in APACHE II scores between these two groups was shown.
PubMed ID
10850034 View in PubMed
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Source
Nature. 2005 Oct 6;437(7060):794-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-6-2005
Source
Nature. 2005 Oct 6;437(7060):794-5
Date
Oct-6-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska
Biomedical Research - ethics - legislation & jurisprudence
Bioterrorism - prevention & control
Evolution, Molecular
Female
History, 20th Century
Humans
Influenza, Human - epidemiology - history - prevention & control - virology
Orthomyxoviridae - genetics - pathogenicity
Publishing
Time Factors
Virulence - genetics
Virulence Factors
Notes
Comment In: Nature. 2006 Jan 19;439(7074):26616421546
Comment On: Nature. 2005 Oct 6;437(7060):889-9316208372
Erratum In: Nature. 2005 Oct 13;437(7061):940
PubMed ID
16208326 View in PubMed
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[Aborted fetus--ethics or etiquette?]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature65073
Source
Lakartidningen. 1991 Apr 3;88(14):1265
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-3-1991
Author
M. Löfgren
E. Bodén
I. Sjöberg
N. Lynöe
Author Affiliation
Klinisk Lärare, kvinnokliniken regionsjukhuset, Umeå.
Source
Lakartidningen. 1991 Apr 3;88(14):1265
Date
Apr-3-1991
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal - psychology
Ethics, Medical
Female
Humans
Mortuary Practice
Pregnancy
Sweden
PubMed ID
2016969 View in PubMed
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Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1974 Jun 20;94(17):1148
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-20-1974
Author
L. Helling
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1974 Jun 20;94(17):1148
Date
Jun-20-1974
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal
Attitude
Ethics, Medical
Female
Humans
Norway
Pregnancy
PubMed ID
4840752 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2000 Mar 30;120(9):1079-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-30-2000
Author
R B Petersen
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2000 Mar 30;120(9):1079-80
Date
Mar-30-2000
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal
Ethics, Medical
Female
Humans
Norway
Pregnancy
Women's Rights
PubMed ID
10833971 View in PubMed
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Abortion and neonaticide: ethics, practice, and policy in four nations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature58480
Source
Bioethics. 2002 Jun;16(3):202-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2002
Author
Michael L Gross
Author Affiliation
Department of Political Science, The University of Haifa, Mt. Carmel, Haifa, Israel. mgross@poli.haifa.ac.il
Source
Bioethics. 2002 Jun;16(3):202-30
Date
Jun-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities
Abortion, Eugenic
Abortion, Legal
Adult
Comparative Study
Decision Making
Denmark
Developed Countries
Ethical Analysis
Euthanasia, Passive
Female
Fetus
Great Britain
Health Care Rationing
Homicide
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Internationality
Israel
Parents
Personhood
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Public Policy
Quality of Life
Resuscitation
Social Values
United States
Value of Life
Withholding Treatment
Abstract
Abortion, particularly later-term abortion, and neonaticide, selective non-treatment of newborns, are feasible management strategies for fetuses or newborns diagnosed with severe abnormalities. However, policy varies considerably among developed nations. This article examines abortion and neonatal policy in four nations: Israel, the US, the UK and Denmark. In Israel, late-term abortion is permitted while non-treatment of newborns is prohibited. In the US, on the other hand, later-term abortion is severely restricted, while treatment to newborns may be withdrawn. Policy in the UK and Denmark bridges some of these gaps with liberal abortion and neonatal policy. Disparate policy within and between nations creates practical and ethical difficulties. Practice diverges from policy as many practitioners find it difficult to adhere to official policy. Ethically, it is difficult to entirely justify perinatal policy in these nations. In each nation, there are elements of ethically sound policy, while other aspects cannot be defended. Ethical policy hinges on two underlying normative issues: the question of fetal/newborn status and the morality of killing and letting die. While each issue has been the subject of extensive debate, there are firm ethical norms that should serve as the basis for coherent and consistent perinatal policy. These include 1) a grant of full moral and legal status to the newborn but only partial moral and legal status to the late-term fetus 2) a general prohibition against feticide unless to save the life of the mother or prevent the birth of a fetus facing certain death or severe pain or suffering and 3) a general endorsement of neonaticide subject to a parent's assessment of the newborn's interest broadly defined to consider physical harm as well as social, psychological and or financial harm to related third parties. Policies in each of the nations surveyed diverging from these norms should be the subject of public discourse and, where possible, legislative reform.
PubMed ID
12211246 View in PubMed
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Source
Hastings Cent Rep. 1979 Feb;9(1):28
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1979
Author
W. Blair
Source
Hastings Cent Rep. 1979 Feb;9(1):28
Date
Feb-1979
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Induced
Canada
Ethics, Medical
Female
Human Rights
Humans
Pregnancy
Women
PubMed ID
429059 View in PubMed
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3445 records – page 1 of 345.