Antibiotic resistance is a problem in nursing homes. Presumed urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common infection. This study examines urine culture results from elderly patients to see if specific guidelines based on gender or whether the patient resides in a nursing home (NH) are warranted.
This is a cross sectional observation study comparing urine cultures from NH patients with urine cultures from patients in the same age group living in the community.
There were 232 positive urine cultures in the NH group and 3554 in the community group. Escherichia coli was isolated in 145 urines in the NH group (64%) and 2275 (64%) in the community group. There were no clinically significant differences in resistance. Combined, there were 3016 positive urine cultures from females and 770 from males. Escherichia coli was significantly more common in females 2120 (70%) than in males 303 (39%) (p?
Cites: Intern Med J. 2012 Jul;42(7):e157-6421241444
The aim of the retrospective case-control study presented here was to elucidate the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of nosocomial infections caused by quinolone-resistant Escherichia coli (QREC). During the 3-year period studied, 51 nosocomial QREC infections were found, and the characteristics of these cases were compared with those of 102 control patients with quinolone-susceptible nosocomial infections. In the multivariate analysis, risk factors were identified as prior quinolone therapy (odds ratio [OR], 18.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 5.53-61.82; P value