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469 records – page 1 of 47.

[Problems in the methodology of assessing the environment and ways of their solution].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature170611
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 Jan-Feb;(1):25-7
Publication Type
Article

Sanitary-Epidemiological Status of Siberian Population (Medico-Demographical and Epidemiological Characteristics).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290010
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2016; 71(6):472-81
Publication Type
Journal Article
Review
Author
S I Kolesnikov
E D Savilov
M F Savchenkov
Ya A Leshchenko
I V Malov
E V Anganova
V A Astaf'ev
S N Shugaeva
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2016; 71(6):472-81
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Review
Keywords
Demography
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Public Health - methods - statistics & numerical data
Siberia - epidemiology
Abstract
Review on the problem of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population in the Siberian Federal District (SFD) was conducted based on literature data and authors own research in the period of 2002-2014. Authors provided broad information on the health and demographic and epidemiological characteristics of SFD population. SFD in comparison with other regions of the Russian Federation overcomes one of the most adverse situations including mortality rates from external causes. SFD population’s infectious and somatic morbidity rates were analyzed. Analysis demonstrated that the situation relating to priority epidemiologically and socially important infections (HIV-infection, parenteral viral hepatitis, tuberculosis etc.) on the territory of the SFD remains tense. Authors provided information on the increase in the level of the actual for Siberian regions natural-foci tick-borne infections. Detailed analysis for the environment anthropogenic pollution impact for the epidemic, infectious and vaccine induced processes. Authors suggest that anthropogenic (biological) environmental pollution is one of the most important factors influencing the epidemiological welfare of the Siberian population. A new strategic direction in epidemiological research associated with the problem of comorbid diseases is planned.
PubMed ID
29298018 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Cumulative summation in monitoring postoperative wound infections].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature271972
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2015 Nov 3;135(20):1820-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-3-2015
Author
Ellen Brustad
Mette Walberg
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2015 Nov 3;135(20):1820-2
Date
Nov-3-2015
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Norway - epidemiology
Surgical Wound Infection - epidemiology
PubMed ID
26534806 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Reproductive health in adolescent girls in social-hygiene montoring].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192793
Source
Gig Sanit. 2001 Sep-Oct;(5):74-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
N I Latyshevskaia
G P Gerusova
S V Vdovin
L A Davydenko
I V Makarkin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2001 Sep-Oct;(5):74-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Environmental monitoring
Epidemiological Monitoring
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Reproduction
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The health status (somatic and reproductive functions) was studied in 15-17-year-old girls residing in different areas of an industrial city with varying anthropogenic loads mainly caused by chemicals. There were statistically significant differences in the health indices of the girls and their reproductive functions (menstrual function, development of genitals, the status of the viscera).
PubMed ID
11665534 View in PubMed
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[Ecologo-epidemiologic studies in the social-hygiene monitoring system (experience in the Sverdlovsk region)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192795
Source
Gig Sanit. 2001 Sep-Oct;(5):69-71
Publication Type
Article
Author
L I Privalova
S V Kuz'min
B A Katsnel'son
B I Nikonov
V B Gurvich
S A Voronin
O L Malykh
Source
Gig Sanit. 2001 Sep-Oct;(5):69-71
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental monitoring
Epidemiologic Studies
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Sanitary Engineering
Abstract
Surveys made in the Sverdlovsk Region suggest that a procedure for evaluating a risk in combination with ecological and epidemiological surveys greatly enhances the potentialities of predicting and detecting human environment-related diseases and both approaches deserve a wide introduction into the socio-sanitary monitoring system.
PubMed ID
11665531 View in PubMed
Less detail

Point-prevalence surveillance of healthcare-associated infections in Swedish hospitals, 2008-2014. Description of the method and reliability of results.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275040
Source
J Hosp Infect. 2015 Nov;91(3):220-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2015
Author
A. Tammelin
I. Qvarfordt
Source
J Hosp Infect. 2015 Nov;91(3):220-4
Date
Nov-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross Infection - epidemiology
Epidemiological Monitoring
Hospitals
Humans
Prevalence
Reproducibility of Results
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
In 2007 the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR) decided to establish a nationwide system for point-prevalence surveillance of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) among hospitalized patients. Surveillance started in 2008 and has since then been performed twice a year (April and October). The documentation of HCAIs is performed by regular clinical physicians and nurses on each hospital ward aided by oral and written instructions. All Swedish publicly financed hospitals (>95% of all hospitals) are included (25,862 beds in 2008 and 24,905 beds in 2013). A total of 88-92% of all inpatients has been covered in each survey. The overall prevalence of HCAI (including psychiatric inpatients) has ranged from 7.8% to 10.0%.
In 2012 SALAR decided to assess the reliability of the prevalence data.
In all, 1216 patients were assessed for HCAIs by both the regular surveillance teams and teams with expert knowledge on HCAI independently of each other.
The prevalence of HCAI was 8.3% (95% confidence interval: 6.7-9.9) according to the regular teams and 13.1% (11.2-15.0) according to the expert teams. The sensitivity of the regular point-prevalence surveillance was 47% and the specificity 97%.
The Swedish system for repeated nationwide point-prevalence surveillance of HCAI has had a high coverage of about 90% since it commenced. However, the surveys underestimate the true prevalence of HCAI.
PubMed ID
26365826 View in PubMed
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New coronavirus with "pandemic potential" sparks global surveillance efforts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114884
Source
CMAJ. 2013 May 14;185(8):E323-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-14-2013

The association between daily mortality and ambient air particle pollution in Montreal, Quebec. 1. Nonaccidental mortality.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature194476
Source
Environ Res. 2001 May;86(1):12-25
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2001
Author
M S Goldberg
R T Burnett
J C Bailar
J. Brook
Y. Bonvalot
R. Tamblyn
R. Singh
M F Valois
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1A2, Canada.
Source
Environ Res. 2001 May;86(1):12-25
Date
May-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Air Pollutants - analysis
Environmental monitoring
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Mortality
Quebec - epidemiology
Sulfates - analysis
Abstract
This study was undertaken to determine whether variations in concentrations of particles in the ambient air of Montreal, Quebec, during the period 1984 to 1993, were associated with daily variations in nonaccidental mortality. Fixed-site air pollution monitors in Montreal provided daily mean levels of various measures of particulates and gaseous pollutants. Total sulfates were also measured daily (1986-1993) at a monitoring station 150 km southeast of the city (Sutton, Quebec). We estimated associations for PM(2.5), PM(10), total suspended particles, coefficient of haze (COH), extinction coefficient, and sulfates. We used coefficient of haze, extinction coefficient, and Sutton sulfates to predict fine particles and sulfates for days that were missing. To estimate the associations between nonaccidental mortality and ambient air particles, we regressed the logarithm of daily counts of nonaccidental mortality on the daily mean levels for the above measures of particulates, after accounting for seasonal and subseasonal fluctuations in the mortality time series, non-Poisson dispersion, weather variables, and gaseous pollutants. There were 140,939 residents of Montreal who died during the study period. We found evidence of associations between daily nonaccidental deaths and most measures of particulate air pollution. For example, the mean percentage increase (MPC) for an increase of total suspended particles of 28.57 microg/m(3) (interquartile range, IQ), evaluated at lag 0 days, was 1.86% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.00-3.76%), and for an increase of coefficient of haze (IQ=18.5 COH units per 327.8 linear m) the MPC was 1.44% (95% CI: 0.75-2.14%). These results are similar to findings from other studies (the mean percentage increase in nonaccidental deaths for a 100 microg/m(3) increase in daily total suspended particles was 6.7%). We also found increases for fine particles and for inhalable particles, but the confidence intervals included unity. All measures of sulfates showed increased daily mortality; e.g., the MPC for sulfates from fine particles (IQ=3.51 microg/m(3)) was 1.86% (95% CI: 0.40-3.35%). We generally found higher excesses in daily mortality for persons 65 years of age and for exposures averaged across lags 0, 1, and 2 days. The slope of the association between daily mortality and ambient air particles in Montreal, which has lower levels of pollution than most major urban centers, is similar to that reported in most other industrialized cities. This study therefore provides further evidence that the association is linear and that any threshold effect, should it exist, would be found at lower levels of air pollution than those found in Montreal.
PubMed ID
11386737 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2015 Dec 15;135(23-24):2136-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-15-2015

469 records – page 1 of 47.