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459 records – page 1 of 46.

[1] Kotzebue infectious hepatitis epidemic. [2] Penicillin-resistant staph. Communicable Disease Bulletin 4, for week ending February 10, 1975.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24
Source
Page 3 in Communicable Disease Bulletins 1975-1981.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1982
Source
Page 3 in Communicable Disease Bulletins 1975-1981.
Date
1982
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Kotzebue
Barrow
Bethel
Epidemics
Staphylococcus spp.
Hepatitis A
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1903.
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Source
Revised. Original reference in Alaska's health, a survey report. The Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 1954. 30 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1963
Author
Lantis, M.
Author Affiliation
U.S. Indian Health Service
Source
Revised. Original reference in Alaska's health, a survey report. The Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 1954. 30 pp.
Date
1963
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Multi-National
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Acculturation
Traditional healing
Diet, traditional
Epidemics
Housing
Shaman
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 932.
From: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 78.
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[Actual problems of creation of informational-analytical system for rapid control of epidemics of infectious diseases].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature127296
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2011 Nov-Dec;(6):37-42
Publication Type
Article
Author
B V Boev
T A Semenenko
V M Bondarenko
A L Gintsburg
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2011 Nov-Dec;(6):37-42
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Atlases as Topic
Bacterial Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control
Data Mining
Epidemics - prevention & control
Forecasting
Humans
Information Systems
Risk assessment
Russia - epidemiology
Vaccination
Virus Diseases - epidemiology - prevention & control
Zoonoses - epidemiology - microbiology - virology
Abstract
Structure and modules of computer informational-analytical system "Electronic atlas of Russia" is presented, the object of mapping in this system is epidemiology of socially significant infectious diseases. Systemic information on processes of emergence and spread of socially significant infectious diseases (anthroponoses, zoonoses and sapronoses) in the population of Russian Federation is presented in the atlas. Detailed electronic maps of country territory filled with prognosis-analytical information created by using technological achievements of mathematic and computer modeling of epidemics and outbreaks of viral and bacterial infections are of particular interest. Atlas allows to objectively evaluate the pattern of infection spread, prepare prognoses of epidemic and outbreak developments taking into account the implementation of control measures (vaccination, prophylaxis, diagnostics and therapy) and evaluate their economic effectiveness.
PubMed ID
22308725 View in PubMed
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[A current comment on an account of a severe epidemic in Uppsala in 1742-1743].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature246548
Source
Lakartidningen. 1979 Dec 19;76(51):4714-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-19-1979
Author
F. Nordbring
B. Vahlquist
Source
Lakartidningen. 1979 Dec 19;76(51):4714-7
Date
Dec-19-1979
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Disease Outbreaks
History, 18th Century
Humans
Sweden
Typhus, Epidemic Louse-Borne - history
PubMed ID
397383 View in PubMed
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Acute cholestatic liver injury caused by polyhexamethyleneguanidine hydrochloride admixed to ethyl alcohol.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132938
Source
Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2011 Jul;49(6):471-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2011
Author
Y N Ostapenko
K M Brusin
Y V Zobnin
A Y Shchupak
M K Vishnevetskiy
V G Sentsov
O V Novikova
S A Alekseenko
O A Lebed'ko
Y B Puchkov
Author Affiliation
Research and Applied Toxicology Center of the Federal Medical-Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia. rtiac2003@yahoo.com
Source
Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2011 Jul;49(6):471-7
Date
Jul-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Alcoholic Beverages - poisoning
Central Nervous System Depressants - poisoning
Cholestasis - pathology - ultrasonography
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
Disinfectants - poisoning
Drug-Induced Liver Injury - pathology - ultrasonography
Epidemics
Ethanol - poisoning
Female
Guanidines - poisoning
Hepatic Encephalopathy - chemically induced - psychology
Humans
Liver - pathology
Liver Function Tests
Male
Middle Aged
Poisoning - diagnosis - epidemiology - mortality
Retrospective Studies
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Social Class
Young Adult
Abstract
Polyhexamethyleneguanidine hydrochloride (PHMG) is an antimicrobial biocide of the guanidine family. In the period from August 2006 to May 2007, more than 12500 patients were admitted to hospital with a history of drinking illegal cheap "vodka" in 44 different regions in Russia, of whom 9.4% died. In reality, the "vodka" was an antiseptic liquid composed of ethanol (˜93%), diethyl phthalate, and 0.1-0.14% PHMG (brand name "Extrasept-1").
We performed an analysis of the clinical features and outcome in four poisoning treatment centers in the cities of Perm, Ekaterinburg, Irkutsk, and Khabarovsk. A total of 579 patients (215 females and 364 males) with similar symptoms were included.
The main symptoms on admission included jaundice (99.7%), skin itch (78.4%), weakness (96%), anorexia (65.8%), dizziness (65.3%), nausea (54.8%), vomiting (22.6%), stomach ache (52.7%), diarrhea (32%), and fever (50%). Mild symptoms were found in 2.5% of cases, moderate in 63%, and severe in 34.5%. Laboratory results were (mean ± SD): total bilirubin 249 ± 158 µmol/L, direct bilirubin 166 ± 97 µmol/L, cholesterol 14 ± 8 mmol/L, alanine aminotransferase 207 ± 174 IU/L, aspartate aminotransferase 174 ± 230 IU/L, alkaline phosphatase 742 ± 751 IU/L, and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase 1199 ± 1095 IU/L. Patients generally recovered over a period of 1-5 months, although high levels of alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase were still found in all patients examined after 6 months. Sixty-one patients (10.5%) died between 23 and 150 days after poisoning. Local cholestasis, inflammatory infiltration, and fibrosis developing into cirrhosis were found by liver biopsy.
Acute liver injury caused by PHMG-hydrochloride or PHMG in combination with either ethanol or diethyl phthalate can be characterized as cholestatic hepatitis with a severe inflammatory component causing high mortality.
Notes
Comment In: Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2011 Jul;49(6):441-221824054
Comment In: Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2012 Feb;50(2):154-5; author reply 15622216917
PubMed ID
21761961 View in PubMed
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Acute glomerulonephritis and streptococcal skin lesions in Eskimo children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1561
Source
American Journal of Diseases of Children. 1980 Jul; 134:681-685.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1980
Author
H S Margolis
M K Lum
T R Bender
S L Elliott
M A Fitzgerald
A P Harpster
Author Affiliation
U.S. Centers for Disease Control
Source
American Journal of Diseases of Children. 1980 Jul; 134:681-685.
Date
1980
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Streptococcus pyogenes
Epidemics
Culture survey
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Alaska
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease Outbreaks
Female
Glomerulonephritis - epidemiology - etiology
Humans
Impetigo - complications - epidemiology - etiology
Infant
Inuits
Male
Streptococcal Infections - complications - epidemiology
Abstract
Poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis often follows impetigo and can occur in epidemics. From 1975 through 1977, an epidemic of poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis occurred in Alaska. Fifty children required hospitalization, while 25 less seriously ill children were treated as outpatients. Sixty-seven percent of these 75 children had direct evidence of recent skin infections. Serotypes 49-14 and NT-14 were the most common streptococcal isolates. In villages in the epidemic area, approximately 15% of children had impetigo and more than 60% of lesions cultured were positive for group A streptococci. Impetigo rates in the epidemic area were similar to those found in nonepidemic areas. However, the introduction of the nephritogenic streptococcal serotypes not recently present in this population apparently led to the development of the epidemic.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2627.
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Agent-based modeling of the spread of the 1918-1919 flu in three Canadian fur trading communities.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature141452
Source
Am J Hum Biol. 2010 Nov-Dec;22(6):757-67
Publication Type
Article
Author
Caroline A O'Neil
Lisa Sattenspiel
Author Affiliation
Department of Anthropology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA. cahillen@yahoo.com
Source
Am J Hum Biol. 2010 Nov-Dec;22(6):757-67
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Epidemics
History, 20th Century
Humans
Influenza, Human - epidemiology - history
Manitoba - epidemiology
Population Dynamics - history - statistics & numerical data
Rural Population - history - statistics & numerical data
Seasons
Abstract
Previous attempts to study the 1918-1919 flu in three small communities in central Manitoba have used both three-community population-based and single-community agent-based models. These studies identified critical factors influencing epidemic spread, but they also left important questions unanswered. The objective of this project was to design a more realistic agent-based model that would overcome limitations of earlier models and provide new insights into these outstanding questions.
The new model extends the previous agent-based model to three communities so that results can be compared to those from the population-based model. Sensitivity testing was conducted, and the new model was used to investigate the influence of seasonal settlement and mobility patterns, the geographic heterogeneity of the observed 1918-1919 epidemic in Manitoba, and other questions addressed previously.
Results confirm outcomes from the population-based model that suggest that (a) social organization and mobility strongly influence the timing and severity of epidemics and (b) the impact of the epidemic would have been greater if it had arrived in the summer rather than the winter. New insights from the model suggest that the observed heterogeneity among communities in epidemic impact was not unusual and would have been the expected outcome given settlement structure and levels of interaction among communities.
Application of an agent-based computer simulation has helped to better explain observed patterns of spread of the 1918-1919 flu epidemic in central Manitoba. Contrasts between agent-based and population-based models illustrate the advantages of agent-based models for the study of small populations.
PubMed ID
20721982 View in PubMed
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AIDS prevention plans must reflect local values.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135478
Source
Science. 2011 Apr 8;332(6026):173
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-8-2011
Author
Alexey Mazus
Source
Science. 2011 Apr 8;332(6026):173
Date
Apr-8-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control
Epidemics - prevention & control
Harm Reduction
Humans
Russia - epidemiology
Social Values
Notes
Comment On: Science. 2010 Jul 9;329(5988):165-720616264
PubMed ID
21474735 View in PubMed
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Source
Jaques Cattell Press, Lancaster, PA. 414 pp.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
1943
Author
Hrdlicka, A.
Source
Jaques Cattell Press, Lancaster, PA. 414 pp.
Date
1943
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Akiachuk
Kanakanak
Egegik
Akiak
Marshall
Savoonga
Napaimute
Respiratory diseases
Health services
Hysteria
Epidemics
Influenza
Hospitals
Tuberculosis
Pediculosis
Notes
Alaska Medical Library - From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 343.
UAA/APU Consortium, Alaskana Collection F909.H9 1943
From: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 32.
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459 records – page 1 of 46.