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[CHEMICAL-ANALYTICAL ASPECTS OF THE COMPLEX IMPACT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON THE POPULATION'S HEALTH].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270371
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015;94(7):5-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
A G Malysheva
Yu A Rakhmanin
E G Rastyannikov
N Yu Kozlova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015;94(7):5-10
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Algorithms
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - prevention & control
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Hazardous Substances - analysis - classification
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Public Health - methods
Risk assessment
Russia
Abstract
In the study of the complex action of environmental factors the important step is the consideration of the multi-component composition of chemical substances which affect the human in the real conditions of the environmental pollution. In the study of complex action of environmental factors it is expedient to use the algorithm of chemical analytical studies, envisaging the implementation of the identity analysis with the quantitative assessment ofpossibly the fullest array of pollutants and the subsequent selection of leading indices on the base of the evaluation of the identified multi-component composition ofthe pollution according to the degree of their hygienic significance in view of the proposed set of criteria.
PubMed ID
26856132 View in PubMed
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Coordination of environmental specimen banking in the Nordic countries, its mission and strategy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature219932
Source
Sci Total Environ. 1993 Nov 1;139-140:37-47
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1-1993
Author
B. Giege
T. Odsjö
Author Affiliation
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Research Department, Solna.
Source
Sci Total Environ. 1993 Nov 1;139-140:37-47
Date
Nov-1-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
Environmental monitoring
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control
Finland
Humans
Norway
Specimen Handling
Sweden
Tissue Banks - organization & administration
Toxicology - methods
Abstract
Under the authority of the Nordic Council of Ministers and their Working Group for Environmental Monitoring, a project for coordination of environmental specimen banking in the Nordic countries started in 1991. The project covers the established and planned central environmental specimen banks in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. The aim of the project is to coordinate and harmonize procedures and methods used in specimen banking such as, collection of material, transport, preparation and storage. In order to increase the possibilities for future international cooperation in monitoring and ecotoxicological scientific work, the Project Group will form the strategy for the continuing work in the Nordic countries. The Project Group will propose adaptation to commonly utilized methods for morphometric measurements of specimens and collection of some common species for future monitoring. The national responsibility for specimen banking in an international perspective will be emphasized.
PubMed ID
8272842 View in PubMed
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[Current trends in the use of pesticides].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263739
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Jul-Aug;(4):23-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
R Ya Khamitova
G T Mirsaitova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Jul-Aug;(4):23-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agriculture - methods
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollutants
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control
Glycine - analogs & derivatives - analysis
Herbicides - analysis
Humans
Pesticides - analysis - classification
Tatarstan
Abstract
The aim of this study--to identify the main trends in the use of pesticides at the present stage. Since 2004, in the Republic of Tatarstan, there is observed an increase of the discharge of pesticides, the list of drugs and cultivated area. The introduction of minimum tillage on technology was shown to have led to an increase in the share of herbicide to 86.2% and significantly changed their range. Glyphosate became the main active ingredient.
PubMed ID
25842489 View in PubMed
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[Ecological-hygienic aspects of the prevalence of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky Krai].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290151
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):749-53
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
P F Kiku
B I Geltser
M V Yarygina
S N Beniowa
T V Gorborukova
V G Moreva
N S Shiter
K M Sabirova
M A Mezentseva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):749-53
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis
Child
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Environmental Illness - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control
Female
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects - analysis
Humans
Inhalation Exposure
Male
Respiratory Tract Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia - epidemiology
School Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
There was executed the ecologic-hygienic assessment of the distribution of respiratory diseases prevalence in bioclimatic zones of the Primorsky Krai. The aim of the study was a systematic assessment of the impact of ecological-hygienic factors of environment on the distribution of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky region. As an information database there were used indices of the prevalence of diseases of the respiratory system of the ICD-10 class of the official statistical report forms for the period of2000-2013 and the parameters of the environment offactor modules (6 - socio-sanitary, 5 - environmental). The numerical values of modules offactors were determined according to a specially developed scoring scale. The study of the prevalence was carried out with the use of a classical method of data analysis - descriptive statistics, Chi-square criteria. By means of the method of regression analysis from the SPSS package software there was established the relationship of environmental factors and the level of the prevalence of diseases, and were calculated values of the factor loadings influencing on the morbidity rate of children and adolescents. The study revealed that in the structure of morbidity diseases of the respiratory system account of 39% in adolescents, 61% - in children. Constructed predictive models describe the trend of the increasing in the prevalence in adolescents and children. Over the past 15 years, the level of respiratory diseases morbidity rate increased by 46.1%. It is established that the prevalence of respiratory diseases in children and adolescents from various districts of the Primorsky territory depends on the features of the bioclimatic zones and the degree of sanitary-hygienic situation, as well as combinations of parameters that form these zones; the highest cumulative level of the prevalence is observed in the bioclimatic zone of the coast, that is caused by the various degree of the impact of biotropic factors of environment; The prevalence of diseases of respiratory system is mainly affected by bioclimatic factors: residence in an area of high humidity, temperature swings, movements of air masses in combination with air pollution.
PubMed ID
29430900 View in PubMed
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[EVALUATION OF MIGRATION ABILITY OF POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS IN THE "SOIL-PLANT" AND "SOIL-EARTHWORMS"].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275151
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016;95(4):336-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
Yu I Baeva
N A Chernykh
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016;95(4):336-9
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Environmental Health - methods - statistics & numerical data
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Moscow
Oligochaeta - drug effects - physiology
Plant Physiological Phenomena - drug effects
Polychlorinated Biphenyls - chemistry
Soil Pollutants - analysis - chemistry
Abstract
In the article there is given a hygienic assessment ofpolychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contamination of soils of the city of Serpukhov of the Moscow region. For the first time there was investigated the PCB's ability to migrate in the system "soil-earthworms", and were calculated bioaccumulation factors at the different level of soil contamination. There was performed a comparative evaluation of the accumulation of given contaminants by higher terrestrial plants and representatives of soil paedobionts (Lumbricidae worms), and revealed clear differences in these processes. There was shown the possibility of the use of earthworms as a highly sensitive bio-indicators in monitoring for soil contamination by persistent organic pollutants, even at low concentrations.
PubMed ID
27430062 View in PubMed
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[FEATURES OF THE CONTENT OF MOVABLE FORMS OF HEAVY METALS AND SELENIUM IN SOILS OF THE YAROSLAVL REGION].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275150
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016;95(4):339-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
E A Bakaeva
A V Eremeyshvili
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016;95(4):339-43
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Health - methods - statistics & numerical data
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Metals, Heavy - analysis - chemistry
Russia
Selenium - analysis - chemistry
Snow - chemistry
Soil Pollutants - analysis - chemistry
Abstract
With the use of the method of inversion voltammetry there was analyzed the content of movableforms of trace elements: (selenium, zinc, copper lead, cadmium) in soils in the Yaroslavl district of the Yaroslavl region, and also content of zinc, copper lead, cadmium in soils and snow cover in the city of Yaroslavl. According to values of concentrations of movable compounds in soils determined trace elements can be ranked into the following row: zinc > lead > copper > selenium > cadmium. There was revealed insufficient if compared with literature data concentrations, content of movable compounds of selenium, copper and zinc in examined explored soils. The maximal concentrations of lead are revealed in the close proximity to both the city of Yaroslavl and large highways of the city. It indicates to the anthropogenic pollution of soils by this element.
PubMed ID
27430063 View in PubMed
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[PRIORITY TECHNOLOGIES OF THE MEDICAL WASTE DISPOSAL SYSTEM].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270370
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015;94(7):35-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
N M Samutin
N N Butorina
N Yu Starodubova
S S Korneychuk
A K Ustinov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015;94(7):35-7
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Chemical Safety - standards
Conservation of Natural Resources - methods
Disinfection
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control
Humans
Incineration
Medical Waste - adverse effects - analysis - classification
Medical Waste Disposal - methods - standards
Russia
Abstract
The annual production of waste in health care institutions (HCI) tends to increase because of the growth of health care provision for population. Among the many criteria for selecting the optimal treatment technologies HCI is important to provide epidemiological and chemical safety of the final products. Environmentally friendly method of thermal disinfection of medical waste may be sterilizators of medical wastes intended for hospitals, medical centers, laboratories and other health care facilities that have small and medium volume of processing of all types of waste Class B and C. The most optimal method of centralized disposal of medical waste is a thermal processing method of the collected material.
PubMed ID
26856137 View in PubMed
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[Prospects in getting accordance between chemical analytic control means and medical technical requirements to safety system concerning chemical weapons destruction].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175338
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2005;(2):6-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005
Author
V R Rembovskii
L A Mogilenkova
E I Savel'eva
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2005;(2):6-11
Date
2005
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Chemical Warfare - prevention & control
Chemical Warfare Agents
Environmental Monitoring - instrumentation - standards
Environmental Pollution - analysis - prevention & control
Equipment Safety
Humans
Russia
Abstract
The major unit monitoring chemical weapons destruction objects is a system of chemical analyticcontrol over the technologic process procedures and possibility of environment and workplace pollution withtoxicchemicals and their destruction products. At the same time, physical and chemical control means meet sanitary and hygienic requirements incompletely. To provide efficient control, internationally recognized approaches should be adapted to features of Russian system monitoring pollution of chemical weapons destruction objects with toxic chemicals.
PubMed ID
15822340 View in PubMed
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8 records – page 1 of 1.