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388 records – page 1 of 39.

[A comparative study of the morphofunctional changes in the thyroid of carp and rats as a result of being in an environment with an elevated lead level].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210108
Source
Tsitologiia. 1997;39(1):5-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
G G Kornienko
A A Kozhin
Source
Tsitologiia. 1997;39(1):5-9
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Carps - physiology
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects
Humans
Lead - adverse effects
Prevalence
Rats
Russia - epidemiology
Thyroid Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Thyroid Gland - drug effects - physiopathology
Urban Population
Abstract
It has been noticed that the morphofunctional organization of the thyroid gland is similar in representatives of two different classes of vertebrates: in fishes and in rats. Exposure of experimental animals to ecological factors with increased lead levels was followed by a phase response (activation, depression) of various structural elements of the thyroid gland. Obvious differences in morphofunctional mechanisms of adaptation to chemical stress factors in fishes and rats were found. A possible relationship is discussed between the environmental pollution with heavy metals and the increased incidence of thyroid gland disease in human population.
PubMed ID
9173625 View in PubMed
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Acute toxicity and sublethal effects of white phosphorus in mute swans, Cygnus olor.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature3505
Source
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 1999 Apr;36(3):316-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1999
Author
D W Sparling
D. Day
P. Klein
Author Affiliation
U.S. Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 11510 American Holly Dr., Laurel, Maryland 20708, USA.
Source
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 1999 Apr;36(3):316-22
Date
Apr-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Birds - blood
Body Weight - drug effects
Comparative Study
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Drug Residues - analysis
Ducks - blood
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects
Female
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase - blood
Lethal Dose 50
Liver - chemistry - drug effects - pathology
Male
Phosphorus - analysis - toxicity
Species Specificity
Abstract
Among the waterfowl affected by white phosphorus (P4) at a military base in Alaska are tundra (Cygnus columbianus) and trumpeter (C. buccinator) swans. To estimate the toxicity of P4 to swans and compare the toxic effects to those of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), we dosed 30 juvenile mute swans (C. olor) with 0 to 5.28 mg P4/kg body weight. The calculated LD50 was 3.65 mg/kg (95% CI: 1.40 to 4. 68 mg/kg). However, many of the swans still had P4 in their gizzards after dying, as determined by "smoking gizzards" and characteristic odor, and a lower LD50 might be calculated if all of the P4 had passed into the small intestines. We attribute the retention of P4 in swans to the possibility that P4 pellets were mistaken for the similarly sized grit in their gizzards. Most swans took 1 to 4.5 days to die in contrast to the few hours normally required in mallards and death appeared to be related more to liver dysfunction than to hemolysis. White phosphorus affected several plasma constituents, most notably elevated aspartate aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen, lactate dehydrogenase, and alanine aminotransferase.
PubMed ID
10047600 View in PubMed
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[A cytogenetic assessment of the mutagenic background in the Dnieper River industrial area]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35173
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1995 Sep-Oct;29(5):16-22
Publication Type
Article
Author
A I Gorovaia
V M Digurko
T V Skvortsova
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1995 Sep-Oct;29(5):16-22
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Child, Preschool
Chromosome Aberrations - genetics
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Environmental monitoring
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Industry
Mutagenesis
Plants - genetics
Pollen - genetics
Ukraine
Abstract
Cytogenetic investigation of plant cells and somatic cells of children from Dnepropetrovsk shown and increase of the frequency of chromosome aberrations and gene mutations in contaminated regions that testified the increased mutagenic background of urban environment.
PubMed ID
8721840 View in PubMed
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[Algolization of drinkable water basins in Nizhny Tagil industrial complex].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature271934
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2016;(1):20-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
V V Kul'nev
V A Pochechun
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2016;(1):20-2
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Drinking Water - standards
Environmental Monitoring - standards
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects
Extraction and Processing Industry
Humans
Russia
Abstract
The article covers experience of biologic rehabilitation through correction of algocenosis (algolization) of drinkable water basins in Nizhny Tagil industrial complex. Biologic rehabilitation of Chernoistochnik and Verhne-Vyisky drinkable water basins in 2011-2012 considerably improved water quality in ecologic hydrochemical and hydrobiologic parameters--that was proved by absent water contamination with blue-green algae, lower saprobiont index. Results also are significant lower concentration of pollutants--heavy metals (ferrum, manganese, copper), oil products, decreased odor and and better water quality in hydrochemical parameters to second class according to water pollution index.
PubMed ID
27048137 View in PubMed
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[Allometric signals of technogenic actions on the population].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209875
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1997;(8):11-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
N K Makarova
V V Isakevich
N I Simonova
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1997;(8):11-5
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Distribution
Bashkiria - epidemiology
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Male
Mathematics
Models, Biological
Morbidity
Mortality
Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Risk factors
Time Factors
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The authors demonstrate possible use of allometric equations to describe age-matched oncologic morbidity and mortality in stable population. Deviations from the allometric model (allometric signals) could be traced to changed technogenic load on the population. Examples show relationships between rank parameters of the models and the technogenic load levels.
PubMed ID
9377046 View in PubMed
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[All-Russian scientific conference "Problems of environmentally induced health disorders in population of industrialized towns of South Ural with advanced ferrous metallurgy].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175334
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2005;(2):45-6
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2005

[A modification factor of spontaneous chromosomal aberrations in miner's towns and settlements]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81672
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 May-Jun;(3):9-11
Publication Type
Article
Author
Volkov A V
Golovina T A
Minina V I
Mokrushina N V
Druzhinin V G
Glushkov A N
Shabaldin A V
Source
Gig Sanit. 2006 May-Jun;(3):9-11
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Chromosome Aberrations - statistics & numerical data
Coal Mining
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - genetics
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Male
Rural Population
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
The level and qualitative spectrum of spontaneous chromosomal aberrations (CA) were comparatively analyzed in the lymphocytes of 655 children and adolescents from the Kemerovo Region. The presented sample was divided into 3 groups according to the type of an inhabited locality: 1) small miner's towns; 2) large industrial towns; and 3) rural localities. The maximum frequency of CA (3.77 +/- 0.22%) was noted in a group of dwellers in the miner's towns; its minimum frequency (2.68 +/- 0.17%) among the rural inhabitants. The significant clastogenic effects (including the markers of radiation exposure) were detected in the miner's towns located in the southern part of the region, which represented mountain and submountain areas. At the same time, in the northern and western parts of the Kemerovo Region, the average frequencies of CA in children and adolescents did not exceed the control background values. Thus, the residence in the inhabited localities specializing in mining is not a factor of absolute toxicogenetic risk.
PubMed ID
16808394 View in PubMed
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[Analysis of correlations of the incidence of stomach cancer and anthropogenic factors of environmental pollution].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature231834
Source
Sov Med. 1989;(10):58-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989

[Analysis of the health status of rural inhabitants in the Sverdlovsk Region, determination of leading factors].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174607
Source
Gig Sanit. 2005 Mar-Apr;(2):15-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
L G Kon'shina
V N Shershnev
Source
Gig Sanit. 2005 Mar-Apr;(2):15-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Health status
Humans
Morbidity - trends
Retrospective Studies
Russia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
There is an increase in primary and overall mortality in the Sverdlovsk regional areas exposed to eastern-Urals radiation traces. The children mostly commonly have diseases of the endocrine and nervous systems, sensory and respiratory organs. The adults have predominantly neoplasms, diseases of the nervous, digestive, and urogenital systems and sensory organs. In the study period (1990-2000), morbidity considerably increased in the Kamensk Region marked by the highest radioactive contamination. There was an association of the morbidity rates with environmental (Bogdanovichsky District) and socioeconomic (Kamensky and Bogdanovichsky Districts) factors and with level of radioactive contamination (Kamensky and Bogdanovichsky Districts).
PubMed ID
15915891 View in PubMed
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[Analysis of the work environment, health status of land reclamation workers, and sanitation research].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226297
Source
Gig Sanit. 1991 Jun;(6):33-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1991
Author
N I Makhon'ko
O A Adamov
V G Galuzova
R S Fedorova
T V Sedova
O G Dvoenko
T V Basharova
Source
Gig Sanit. 1991 Jun;(6):33-4
Date
Jun-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agricultural Workers' Diseases - etiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Humans
Russia
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Correlation between life conditions and the morbidity of specialists in land reclamation in the Saratov region was shown. The program of sanitation measures was worked up.
PubMed ID
1837532 View in PubMed
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388 records – page 1 of 39.