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56 records – page 1 of 6.

[Analysis of the work environment, health status of land reclamation workers, and sanitation research].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226297
Source
Gig Sanit. 1991 Jun;(6):33-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1991
Author
N I Makhon'ko
O A Adamov
V G Galuzova
R S Fedorova
T V Sedova
O G Dvoenko
T V Basharova
Source
Gig Sanit. 1991 Jun;(6):33-4
Date
Jun-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agricultural Workers' Diseases - etiology - prevention & control
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Humans
Russia
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Correlation between life conditions and the morbidity of specialists in land reclamation in the Saratov region was shown. The program of sanitation measures was worked up.
PubMed ID
1837532 View in PubMed
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[APPLICATION OF BIOMONITORING METHODOLOGY FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270361
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015;94(7):85-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
I N Ilchenko
S M Lyapunov
O I Okina
T V Karamysheva
A N Kartasheva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2015;94(7):85-9
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Exposure - prevention & control
Environmental Monitoring - methods - standards
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis - classification
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects - analysis - classification
Humans
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia
Abstract
In this article there are presented the current views on the technology for the assessment of the exposure to chemical pollutants with the use of the methodology of human biomonitoring and the main advantages of the latter are highlighted. There are presented main problems of the implementation of biomonitoring studies in Russia such as: beginning with the lack of the national system of the biomonitoring, and accomplishing with the inconsistency in the data within the country, the inability to assess the trend according to levels of exposure in the regional or national context. Due to the inconvenience of the Russian regulatory basis on human biomonitoring, there is persisted technological backwardness in terms of the delivery of the design, presentation and evaluation of research results, which results in the decline of the significance of biomonitoring for public health in the country. There is preserved a need for standardization and harmonization of methods and procedures of human biomonitoring (HBM) in Russia with international requirements. A serious concern is the lack of Russian programs on standardization of procedures and interlaboratcy comparison of results according to biomarkers of the exposure, the insufficient involvement of national laboratories in international programs of the comparison, the difficulties with the acquisition of standard samples of the compositionfor different environmental pollutants in biological tissues. The restraint ofthe development of HBM in the Russian Federation is caused by a complex of reasons. The most urgent task is the development of the national concept of the system with subsequent formation of technological, institutional and organizational framework of biomonitoring, as well as the improvement of Russian normative-methodical base.
PubMed ID
26856149 View in PubMed
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Are liver and renal lesions in East Greenland polar bears (Ursus maritimus) associated with high mercury levels?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature78038
Source
Environ Health. 2007;6:11
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
Sonne Christian
Dietz Rune
Leifsson Pall S
Asmund Gert
Born Erik W
Kirkegaard Maja
Author Affiliation
Section for Contaminants, Effects and Marine Mammals, Department of Arctic Environment, National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Frederiksborgvej, Roskilde, Denmark. csh@dmu.dk
Source
Environ Health. 2007;6:11
Date
2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aging
Animals
Arctic Regions
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis - pharmacokinetics
Food chain
Greenland
Inflammation
Kidney - chemistry - pathology
Kidney Diseases - etiology - veterinary
Liver - chemistry - pathology
Liver Diseases - etiology - veterinary
Mercury - adverse effects - analysis - pharmacokinetics
Tissue Distribution
Ursidae
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In the Arctic, polar bears (Ursus maritimus) bio-accumulate mercury as they prey on polluted ringed seals (Phoca hispida) and bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus). Studies have shown that polar bears from East Greenland are among the most mercury polluted species in the Arctic. It is unknown whether these levels are toxic to liver and kidney tissue. METHODS: We investigated the histopathological impact from anthropogenic long-range transported mercury on East Greenland polar bear liver (n = 59) and kidney (n = 57) tissues. RESULTS: Liver mercury levels ranged from 1.1-35.6 microg/g wet weight and renal levels ranged from 1-50 microg/g wet weight, of which 2 liver values and 9 kidney values were above known toxic threshold level of 30 microg/g wet weight in terrestrial mammals. Evaluated from age-correcting ANCOVA analyses, liver mercury levels were significantly higher in individuals with visible Ito cells (p
PubMed ID
17439647 View in PubMed
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[Biological screening of the level of anthropogenic environmental pollution and its hazard for the health of the population].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213219
Source
Tsitologiia. 1996;38(4-5):555-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996
Author
G G Kornienko
A A Kozhin
Source
Tsitologiia. 1996;38(4-5):555-9
Date
1996
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities, Drug-Induced - epidemiology - etiology
Adult
Animals
Environmental health
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - statistics & numerical data
Epidemiological Monitoring
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Male
Micronucleus Tests - methods
Rana ridibunda
Reproduction - drug effects
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
A possibility was examined to use a screening cytogenetic method for calculating micronuclei in frog blood cells as an indicator of the degree of environmental pollution and its hazard to human health. Data obtained correlate with an increased rate of reproductive function disorders in women and congenital malformations in children, living in regions where the cytologic studies of biological objects were carried out. The informational value of biogeochemical screening with the use of test objects for the assessment of the region ecological imbalance is stressed.
PubMed ID
8966757 View in PubMed
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[Characteristics of cardiac and nervous system impairment in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus from regions with various levels of environmental pollution].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature195780
Source
Ter Arkh. 2000;72(12):43-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
L K Kozlova
V V Bagirova
N P Setko
Source
Ter Arkh. 2000;72(12):43-7
Date
2000
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cardiomyopathies - epidemiology - pathology
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Female
Hair - chemistry
Heart Valve Diseases - epidemiology - pathology
Humans
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic - pathology
Male
Metals, Heavy - adverse effects - analysis
Middle Aged
Nervous System Diseases - epidemiology - pathology
Russia - epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Abstract
To characterize clinical features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in persons living under various environmental pollution.
Three groups of SLE patients living in the Orenburg region were examined: those exposed to intensive production pollution (n = 35 patients), exposed to mild pollution (n = 15), unexposed to production pollution (n = 25 patients). The pollution intensity was assessed by total aerogenic, water and soil pollution rates.
The hair from 69 patients contained 24 chemical elements. More severe clinical symptoms of SLE were registered in patients living in conditions of intensive production pollution. These symptoms' severity directly correlated with the level of heavy metals in the hair of SLE patients and inversely correlated with hair levels of essential chemical elements.
Chemical pollutants directly impair organs and tissues of SLE patients and indirectly do this via damaged immune system.
PubMed ID
11201831 View in PubMed
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[Characteristics of chemical pollution of snow cover in Aktobe areas].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143398
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Mar-Apr;(2):17-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
A Zh Iskakov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Mar-Apr;(2):17-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Illness - epidemiology - etiology
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis
Epidemiological Monitoring
Humans
Retrospective Studies
Russia - epidemiology
Snow - chemistry
Abstract
The paper gives data on the nature of snow cover pollution in the urbanized areas in relation to the remoteness from the basic sources of ambient air pollution. The total snow content of carcinogens has been estimated.
PubMed ID
20491263 View in PubMed
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Child health and environmental pollution in the Aral Sea region in Kazakhstan.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature33248
Source
Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 May;88(429):49-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1999
Author
R. Zetterström
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatrics, Karolinska Hospital Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 May;88(429):49-54
Date
May-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child Welfare
Child, Preschool
Ecology
Embryonic and Fetal Development - physiology
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis
Female
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Health Surveys
Humans
Infant
Kazakhstan
Male
Maternal Exposure - adverse effects
Pregnancy
Risk assessment
Abstract
Environmental pollutants, which may occur in breast milk and in various food products and drinking water, and which are also transferred to the foetus, constitute a severe threat to the health of infants and children. Among such compounds, various organochlorines, such as pesticides for the control of parasites (DDTs, HCHs), and products of industry and agriculture, such as dioxins and dioxin-like compounds (PCBs), are much discussed, in addition to organic mercury and heavy metals, such as lead and cadmium. The consequences of acute exposure to PCB have been documented in Japan following the ingestion of rice oil contaminated by PCBs. In Sweden birthweight has been found to be reduced and the perinatal mortality rate higher than expected in regions with high consumption of fatty fish from the Baltic Sea. In addition, from studies around Lake Michigan, it has been shown that children who have been exposed to PCBs in utero have retarded cognitive development. In the Aral Sea basin in Central Asia people have been subjected to long-term exposure to various pesticides, which have been distributed over the cotton fields in huge quantities. Organochlorines are resistant to breakdown in nature, thus they enter the food chain, eventually entering the human diet, and they may also be inhaled from dust. Such compounds accumulate in the foetus by placental transport and continue to do so postnatally if the infants are breastfed, as they may be present in high concentrations in human milk. The health of children living in the Aral Sea region is reported to be poor, with high morbidity and mortality and a high rate of chronic diseases and retarded mental and physical development. However, in addition to being subjected to environmental pollution, these children also suffer from health hazards related to poverty. Through epidemiological studies it may be possible to obtain information about to what extent exposure to environmental pollution from organochlorines contributes to the poor health of people living in the Aral Sea region.
PubMed ID
10419232 View in PubMed
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[Comparative analysis of the physical status of students living under different conditions of environmental pollution].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature140476
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jul-Aug;(4):79-83
Publication Type
Article
Author
R S Musalimova
R M Valiakhmetov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2010 Jul-Aug;(4):79-83
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Bashkiria
Body Weights and Measures
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis
Female
Health status
Heart Function Tests
Humans
Male
Respiratory Function Tests
Rural Population
Students
Urban Population
Abstract
The physical status was comparatively studied in students living under different conditions of environmental pollution. The anthropometric and some physiometric (vital capacity) parameters were established to be lower in students from polluted areas than in those from relatively pure ones. The students from polluted areas were observed to have higher hemodynamic parameters (heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output). The results of the study improve and supplement knowledge of the physical development of the students living in the areas with varying environmental pollution levels and reflect the morphofunctional status that is an indicator in the evaluation of the body's functional tension, which may suggest the suppressing action of environmental pollution on the students' body.
PubMed ID
20873272 View in PubMed
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Comparing objective and subjective status: gender and space (and environmental justice?).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature172098
Source
Health Place. 2007 Mar;13(1):57-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2007
Author
Gerry Veenstra
Shona Kelly
Author Affiliation
Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. gerry.veenstra@ubc.ca
Source
Health Place. 2007 Mar;13(1):57-71
Date
Mar-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
British Columbia - epidemiology
Environmental Health - economics - ethics
Environmental Illness
Environmental Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - economics
Epidemiologic Research Design
Female
Geography
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Self Concept
Sex Factors
Social Class
Social Justice
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
The environmental justice literature has described differential health effects of environmental toxins and pollutants on people of different socio-economic status (SES) that may not always reflect differing levels of exposure. We offer four questions or contentions that together may contribute to understanding this conundrum and then present an empirical exploration of one of these questions: Does the relationship between SES and self-perceived status vary in space? Utilizing data from an original questionnaire survey of randomly selected adults conducted in twenty-five communities in British Columbia, Canada, a supplementary data set containing demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the communities themselves, and multilevel modelling techniques, this article describes relationships between objective and subjective measures of social status, by gender and in space. Our analysis contributes to the development of innovative environmental justice models by bringing some spatial sensitivity to interrelationships among these aspects of status.
PubMed ID
16275047 View in PubMed
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56 records – page 1 of 6.