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Caffeine in wastewater is a tracer for human fecal contamination.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature126536
Source
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Mar;120(3):A108-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2012
Author
Carol Potera
Source
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Mar;120(3):A108-9
Date
Mar-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Caffeine - analysis - isolation & purification
Carbamazepine - analysis - isolation & purification
Enterobacteriaceae - isolation & purification - physiology
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Feces - chemistry - microbiology
Humans
Quebec
Water - chemistry
Water Microbiology
Water Pollution
Notes
Cites: Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Dec;119(12):A514-922133540
Cites: Environ Health Perspect. 2007 Jun;115(6):856-6417589591
Cites: MMWR Surveill Summ. 2008 Sep 12;57(9):39-6218784643
Cites: J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Jan;105(1):110-315635355
Cites: Chemosphere. 2012 Jan;86(2):118-2322075053
Cites: Environ Pollut. 2009 Mar;157(3):994-100219038482
Cites: Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Feb;120(2):192-722030231
PubMed ID
22382130 View in PubMed
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[Microbial colonization and succession in the large intestine of newborn infants during their stay with mothers at the maternity hospital].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225280
Source
Antibiot Khimioter. 1991 Dec;36(12):24-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1991
Author
I A Bochkov
N A Semina
A Kh Kaitmazov
A I Tseitlina
V I Minaev
I G Timerin
G S Barsukova
S G Sargsian
E E Donskikh
Source
Antibiot Khimioter. 1991 Dec;36(12):24-6
Date
Dec-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Antibiosis - physiology
Bifidobacterium - isolation & purification - physiology
Colon - microbiology
Cross Infection - prevention & control
Enterobacteriaceae - isolation & purification - physiology
Enterobacteriaceae Infections - prevention & control
Female
Hospitals, Maternity
Humans
Infant Care - trends
Infant, Newborn - microbiology
Monitoring, Physiologic
Moscow
Mother-Child Relations
Rectum - microbiology
Staphylococcal Infections - prevention & control
Staphylococcus aureus - isolation & purification - physiology
Symbiosis - physiology
Abstract
Formation of microflora in the large intestine of 5-day old infants was studied in one of the Moscow maternity homes. The up-to-date procedures for isolation and identification of aerobic and anaerobic organisms were used in the study and the findings were processed on a computer. In the newborns of the maternity home of the "mother-infant" type there was observed colonization of the large intestine with aerobic and anaerobic organisms. A wave-like dynamics in the formation of the symbiotic microflora was revealed. It reflected the phenomenon of the microbial succession in the infants. The attempts to detect microbial interference between the species colonizing the large intestine showed that it was extremely rare in the 5-day old infants. This was likely the reason of the low intestine resistance to the colonization in the newborns which in its turn defined the frequent colonization of the intestine mucosa with S. aureus and the organisms of the Klebsiella, Enterobacter and Citrobacter group.
PubMed ID
1814270 View in PubMed
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Survival of faecal coliforms and hygiene risks in soils treated with municipal sewage sludges.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature170324
Source
Environ Geochem Health. 2006 Feb-Apr;28(1-2):97-101
Publication Type
Article
Author
Y H Sun
Y M Luo
L H Wu
Z G Li
J. Song
P. Christie
Author Affiliation
Soil and Environmental Bioremediation Research Center, State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China.
Source
Environ Geochem Health. 2006 Feb-Apr;28(1-2):97-101
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Cities
Enterobacteriaceae - isolation & purification - physiology
Environmental monitoring
Feces - microbiology
Fertilizers
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Hygiene - standards
Risk assessment
Sewage - chemistry - microbiology
Soil Microbiology
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Survival Analysis
Time Factors
Abstract
An incubation experiment was conducted to monitor effect of sewage sludge application on changes in numbers of faecal coliforms in soils over time after sludge application and evaluate the hygiene risks. Soil faecal coliform counts were made after 1, 7, 14, 28, 56 and 84 days of incubation. The faecal coliform counts in the sludge-treated soils decreased substantially with time and were similar to those in the untreated controls after incubation for 56 days. Land application of air-dried sludges increased the hygiene risks due to the re-growth of faecal coliforms, and the counts of faecal coliforms in soil treated with air dried sludge from Suzhou (91% DM) were 50 times higher than in soils with fresh dewatered sludge from Suzhou (15% DM) after 7 days of incubation. The main factors affecting the changes in faecal coliform counts were sludge type and incubation time. Sludge type determined the faecal coliform counts and the ability of the faecal coliforms to re-establish, and indigenous microorganisms competed with the faecal coliforms for nutrients during the incubation process.
PubMed ID
16528588 View in PubMed
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