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Abdominal symptoms among sewage workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10795
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 1998 May;48(4):251-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1998
Author
L. Friis
L. Agréus
C. Edling
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. Lennart.Friis@arbmed.uas.se
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 1998 May;48(4):251-3
Date
May-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diarrhea - epidemiology
Gastrointestinal Diseases - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nausea - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Peptic Ulcer - epidemiology
Prevalence
Risk factors
Sanitary Engineering
Sewage
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of abdominal symptoms and the abdominal medical history among sewage workers. 142 male sewage workers and 137 male referents in 11 Swedish municipalities were addressed with a questionnaire about abdominal symptoms, medical history, occupational history and life style factors. The sewage workers suffered less from nausea [adjusted odds ratio (adjOR) = 0.18, 95% confidence interval (Cl) 0.04-0.84] than the referents. There was no significant difference in the three months prevalence of diarrhoea (adjOR = 1.7, 95% Cl = 0.79-3.4), dyspepsia (adjOR = 0.85, 95% Cl = 0.49-1.5) or irritable bowel syndrome (adjOR = 1.4, 95% Cl = 0.53-3.5). The sewage workers were affected more often by peptic ulcers during their present jobs than the referents, although the increased risk was not significant (adjOR = 1.4, 95% Cl = 0.31-6.1). The odds ratios were adjusted for age, use of tobacco products and alcohol consumption. The conclusion of this study was that sewage workers are less affected by nausea than comparable referents.
PubMed ID
9800423 View in PubMed
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Accidents and close call situations connected to the use of mobile phones.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature127715
Source
Accid Anal Prev. 2012 Mar;45:75-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2012
Author
Leena Korpinen
Rauno Pääkkönen
Author Affiliation
Environmental Health, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland. leena.korpinen@tut.fi
Source
Accid Anal Prev. 2012 Mar;45:75-82
Date
Mar-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Traffic - statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Causality
Cellular Phone
Educational Status
Finland
Human Engineering
Humans
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
The aim of our work was to study the accidents and close call situations connected to the use of mobile phones. We have analyzed how the accidents/close call situations are connected to background information, in particular age, gender and self-reported symptoms. The study was carried out as a cross-sectional study by posting the questionnaire to 15,000 working-age Finns. The responses (6121) were analyzed using the logistic regression models. Altogether 13.7% of respondents had close call situations and 2.4% had accidents at leisure, in which the mobile phone had a partial effect, and at work the amounts were 4.5% and 0.4% respectively, during the last 12 months. Essentially, we found that: (1) men tend to have more close calls and accidents while on a mobile phone, (2) younger people tend to have more accidents and close calls while on a mobile phone, but it does not appear to be large enough to warrant intervention, (3) employed people tend to have more problems with mobile phone usage and accidents/close calls, and (4) there was a slight increase in mobile-phone-related accidents/close calls if the respondent also reported sleep disturbances and minor aches and pains. In the future, it is important to take into account and study how symptoms can increase the risk of accidents or close call situations in which a mobile phone has a partial effect.
PubMed ID
22269487 View in PubMed
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Accidents are normal and human error does not exist: a new look at the creation of occupational safety.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature184819
Source
Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2003;9(2):211-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
Sidney W A Dekker
Author Affiliation
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Linköping Institute of Technology, Linköping, Sweden. sidde@ikp.liu.se
Source
Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2003;9(2):211-8
Date
2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Attitude
Causality
Human Engineering - methods
Humans
Occupational Health
Safety
Sweden
Systems Analysis
Abstract
"Human error" is often cited as cause of occupational mishaps and industrial accidents. Human error, however, can also be seen as an effect (rather than the cause) of trouble deeper inside systems. The latter perspective is called the "new view" in ergonomics today. This paper details some of the antecedents and implications of the old and the new view, indicating that human error is a judgment made in hindsight, whereas actual performance makes sense to workers at the time. Support for the new view is drawn from recent research into accidents as emergent phenomena without clear "root causes;" where deviance has become a generally accepted standard of normal operations; and where organizations reveal "messy interiors" no matter whether they are predisposed to an accident or not.
PubMed ID
12820909 View in PubMed
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Acrylamide in tunnel construction--new (or old) lessons to be learned?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature193242
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2001 Aug;27(4):217-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2001
Author
H. Kjuus
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2001 Aug;27(4):217-8
Date
Aug-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acrylamide - adverse effects
Animals
Engineering
Humans
Nervous System - drug effects
Norway
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Sweden
Notes
Comment On: Scand J Work Environ Health. 2001 Aug;27(4):219-2611560335
PubMed ID
11560334 View in PubMed
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Actual medical and ergonomic problems in agriculture in the Ukraine.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54944
Source
Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 1994;7(1):3-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
Y I Kundiev
Author Affiliation
Institute for Occupational Health, Kiev, The Ukraine.
Source
Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 1994;7(1):3-11
Date
1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agriculture
Female
Human Engineering
Humans
Occupational Health
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications - prevention & control
Ukraine
Abstract
A new agrarian policy in a number of countries caused the necessity to introduce additional measures aimed at preventing of agricultural workers' health. The epidemiological studies in the Ukraine revealed the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (ischemic heart disease, arterial hypertension) particularly among operators of agricultural machines and workers being in contact with pesticides. The state of health of women working in greenhouses and those in sugar beet growing is assessed. The rate of spontaneous abortions and other pregnancy disorders as well as the retardation in physical development of newborns and infants are evaluated. The necessity to improve the ergonomy of agricultural machines, to increase their quality and reliability is emphasized. The search of physiological optimum of efforts to steering wheel and pedals is given as an example. This approach is of general significance and can be applied to road-building machines as well. The role of pesticide management in the Ukraine is also considered in this paper. The damage to human health and the environment is most often connected with violations of regulations, or persistent usage of highly toxic substances. The most urgent tasks are the revision of the registered and applied pesticides, development of new ecological and hygienic standards, improvement of biomonitoring methods and efficiency of the state sanitary supervision.
PubMed ID
7921900 View in PubMed
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Admission to university engineering programs in Sweden: a multipurpose approach.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature178454
Source
Psychol Rep. 2004 Jun;94(3 Pt 2):1125-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2004
Author
Simon Wolming
Per-Erik Lyrén
Author Affiliation
Department of Educational Measurement, Umeå University, Sweden. Simon.Wolming@edmeas.umu.se
Source
Psychol Rep. 2004 Jun;94(3 Pt 2):1125-6
Date
Jun-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aptitude Tests - statistics & numerical data
Educational Status
Engineering - education
Humans
Likelihood Functions
School Admission Criteria - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Universities
Abstract
This brief article provides a description of some new ideas about admission of university engineering students in Sweden. The current system of admission is based on upper-secondary school grades and the Swedish Scholastic Assessment Test. These measures are used for admission to all higher education. For many reasons, ideas for a new admission model have been proposed. This model includes a sector-oriented admission test, which the universities are supposed to use for different purposes, such as selection, eligibility, diagnostics, and recruitment.
Notes
Comment On: Psychol Rep. 2003 Oct;93(2):399-40914650662
PubMed ID
15362381 View in PubMed
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Age perceptions and physical activity among middle-aged men in three occupational groups.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82886
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2006 Jun;62(12):3024-34
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2006
Author
Wandel Margareta
Roos Gun
Author Affiliation
University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. margareta.wandel@medisin.uio.no
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2006 Jun;62(12):3024-34
Date
Jun-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aging - physiology - psychology
Attitude to Health
Construction Materials
Engineering - manpower
Exercise
Finland
Health Behavior
Humans
Interviews
Male
Middle Aged
Motor Activity
Norway
Occupations - classification
Social Class
Sweden
Transportation - manpower
Abstract
The aim of this study is to explore how middle-aged men in different socio-economic groups and with different work experiences, talk about ageing, and how they see age as a reason for pursuing or not pursuing physical activity. Data were collected in Oslo by interviews with 46 men (carpenters, engineers, drivers) aged 35-57 years, and workplace group discussions. The analysis explored similarities and differences in the men's interpretive repertoires on work, everyday activities, health and health-related habits. The data were discussed in relation to Bourdieu's theories on the production and conversion of physical capital. For the carpenters emerging themes related to the ageing body were worry about decline in strength, the feeling of uselessness, and an awareness of what the body can take. For the engineers, the themes were keeping the body in shape and the ability to tackle stress. In addition to these themes, the drivers focussed on leaving the body as it is/taking age as it comes. Men in all three occupational groups said that they were thinking more about health and disease with age. Even though many talked about becoming more sedate, there were also some who maintained physical activity or became more physically active with age. The emphasis and the reasons for being more physically active were different in the three groups, and involved aspects such as health, strength, pleasure, social milieu, and warding off personal problems. Age was therefore used as a reason both for being and not being physically active. In conclusion health workers should be aware of the different life experiences and views related to the body, health and physical activity that exist among men of different occupational groups. This is needed to tailor information to fit the interest areas of men belonging to different socio-economic groups.
PubMed ID
16426718 View in PubMed
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[A long-term prospective observation of the course of dust-induced bronchitis in mechanical engineering workers]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature67793
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Apr;(4):104-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1993
Author
A I Kleiner
V M Makotchenko
V A Efremova
N I Prilipskaia
P N Martynov
E N Ovchinnik
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Apr;(4):104-7
Date
Apr-1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Bronchitis - epidemiology - etiology
Dust - adverse effects
Engineering - statistics & numerical data
English Abstract
Humans
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Time Factors
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
A study of 206 machine builders in dynamics (up to 15 years) with dust-induced bronchitis showed that the disease has a tendency to advancing within the first three years, especially in those with a combination of noxious professional factors (dust, heat, hard physical work). Negative risk factors: working conditions, preceding unspecific respiratory infections, smoking.
PubMed ID
8209429 View in PubMed
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Analysis by sex of low back pain among workers from small companies in the Paris area: severity and occupational consequences.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature32949
Source
Occup Environ Med. 1999 Oct;56(10):696-701
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1999
Author
J. Alcouffe
P. Manillier
M. Brehier
C. Fabin
F. Faupin
Author Affiliation
Association des Centres Médicaux et Sociaux de la Région Parisienne, Suresnes, France.
Source
Occup Environ Med. 1999 Oct;56(10):696-701
Date
Oct-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Female
Human Engineering
Humans
Lifting
Logistic Models
Low Back Pain - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Male
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Paris - epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Sex Factors
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To describe workers with low back symptoms, to identify risk factors and to assess the occupational consequences separately in men and women. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted between 1 October 1996 and 31 December 1996 in a sample of workers selected at random from all types of small companies in the Paris area. A group of 202 occupational physicians interviewed 7129 workers with a standardised questionnaire including the Nordic questionnaire. Data analysis was performed by sex in the two groups: with low back pain and without low back pain over the previous 12 months. The group with low back pain was then divided into four subgroups: mild cases (without referred pain), moderate cases (with referred pain above the knee), serious cases (with referred pain below the knee), and low back pain with occupational consequences. RESULTS: 7010 questionnaires were able to be evaluated. The sample consisted of 54.8% of men (3842) and 45.2% of women (3168), with a mean age of 37.8 and 37.0 years, respectively (p 10 kg, in women (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.27 to 2.25) and in men (OR 1.27, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.53), uncomfortable working positions (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.58 to 2.17 and OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.69 to 2.43), and absence of means to achieve good quality work (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.63 and OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.15 to 1.65), respectively. Driving was a risk factor only in men and its importance increased with driving time (driving > 4 hours a day (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.09)). Severe low back pain was linked to female sex (10.2% of women v 6.6% of men), high BMI, aging, and uncomfortable working positions. Low back pain with occupational consequences (n = 258) was not linked to sex, but only to aging and severity. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence and severity of low back pain were higher in women, although they seemed to be less exposed to known occupational risk factors. However, our results indicate a preponderance of these risk factors among female workers. Particular attention must therefore be paid to lifting of weights and uncomfortable working positions in female jobs (clerk, trading, health care staff).
PubMed ID
10658550 View in PubMed
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561 records – page 1 of 57.