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106 records – page 1 of 11.

A 5-year prospective study of predictors for disability pension among patients with major depressive disorder.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature129883
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2012 Apr;125(4):325-34
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2012
Author
I A K Holma
K M Holma
T K Melartin
H J Rytsälä
E T Isometsä
Author Affiliation
Mood, Depression, and Suicidal Behaviour Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2012 Apr;125(4):325-34
Date
Apr-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Comorbidity
Depressive Disorder, Major - physiopathology - psychology
Disabled Persons - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Pensions - statistics & numerical data
Prospective Studies
Abstract
There is a scarcity of prospective long-term studies on work disability caused by depression. We investigated predictors for disability pension among psychiatric patients with MDD.
The Vantaa Depression Study followed up prospectively 269 psychiatric in- and out-patients with DSM-IV MDD for 5 years with a life chart, including 230 (91.3%) patients belonging to labour force. Information on disability pensions was obtained from interviews, patient records and registers.
Within 5 years, 20% of the patients belonging to labour force at baseline were granted a disability pension. In multivariate analyses, the significant baseline predictors for granted disability pension were age =50 years (HR = 3.91, P
PubMed ID
22054701 View in PubMed
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10-year trends of educational differences in long sickness absence due to mental disorders.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature285500
Source
J Occup Health. 2017 Jul 27;59(4):352-355
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-27-2017
Author
Hilla Sumanen
Olli Pietiläinen
Eero Lahelma
Ossi Rahkonen
Source
J Occup Health. 2017 Jul 27;59(4):352-355
Date
Jul-27-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education - classification - statistics & numerical data
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Finland
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - psychology
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Sex Distribution
Sick Leave - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
Mental disorders are a key cause of sickness absence (SA) and challenge prolonging working careers. Thus, evidence on the development of SA trends is needed. In this study, educational differences in long SAs due to mental disorders were examined in two age groups among employees of the City of Helsinki from 2004 to 2013.
All permanently and temporarily employed staff aged 18-34 and 35-49 were included in the analyses (n=~27800 per year). SA spells of =14 days due to mental disorders were examined annually. Education was classified to higher and lower levels. Joinpoint regression was used to identify major turning points in SA trends.
Joinpoint regression models showed that lower educated groups had more long SAs spells due to mental disorders than those groups with higher education. SA trends decreased during the study period in all studied age and educational groups. Lower educated age groups had similar SA trends. Younger employees with higher education had the fewest SAs.
A clear educational gradient was found in long SAs due to mental disorders during the study period. SA trends decreased from 2004 to 2013.
Notes
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Cites: Eur J Public Health. 2009 Dec;19(6):625-3019581376
Cites: BMC Public Health. 2010 Jul 20;10:42620646271
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PubMed ID
28496028 View in PubMed
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Accounting for Irish Catholic ill health in Scotland: a qualitative exploration of some links between 'religion', class and health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179028
Source
Sociol Health Illn. 2004 Jul;26(5):527-56
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004
Author
Patricia Walls
Rory Williams
Author Affiliation
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow. WallsAMP@aol.com
Source
Sociol Health Illn. 2004 Jul;26(5):527-56
Date
Jul-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Career Choice
Career Mobility
Catholicism - psychology
Emigration and Immigration - statistics & numerical data
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Health status
Health Surveys
Humans
Ireland - ethnology
Male
Middle Aged
Minority Groups - education - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Motivation
Prejudice
Protestantism - psychology
Qualitative Research
Questionnaires
Residence Characteristics
Scotland - epidemiology
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Health - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
This paper considers the ways in which accounts from Glasgow Catholics diverge from those of Protestants and explores the reasons why people leave jobs, including health grounds. Accounts reveal experiences distinctive to Catholics, of health-threatening stress, obstacles to career progression within (mainly) private-sector organisations, and interactional difficulties which create particular problems for (mainly) middle class men. This narrows the employment options for upwardly mobile Catholics, who may then resort to self-employment or other similarly stressful options. The paper considers whether the competence of Catholics or Catholic cultural factors are implicated in thwarting social mobility among Catholics or, alternatively, whether institutional sectarianism is involved. We conclude that, of these options, theories of institutional sectarianism provide the hypothesis which currently best fits these data. In Glasgow, people of indigenous Irish descent are recognisable from their names and Catholic background and are identified as Catholic by others. Overt historical exclusion of Catholics from middle class employment options now seems to take unrecognised forms in routine assumptions and practices which restrict Catholic employment opportunities. It is argued that younger Catholics use education to overcome the obstacles to mobility faced by older people and circumvent exclusions by recourse to middle class public-sector employment. This paper aims to link historical, structural and sectarian patterns of employment experience to accounts of health and work, and in so doing to contribute to an explanation for the relatively poor health of Catholic Glaswegians with Irish roots.
PubMed ID
15283776 View in PubMed
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Antidepressant use and associations with psychosocial work characteristics. A comparative study of Swedish and Danish gainfully employed.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature120883
Source
J Affect Disord. 2013 Jul;149(1-3):38-45
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2013
Author
Linda L Magnusson Hanson
Ida E H Madsen
Hugo Westerlund
Töres Theorell
Hermann Burr
Reiner Rugulies
Author Affiliation
Research division of epidemiology, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. linda.hanson@stressforskning.su.se
Source
J Affect Disord. 2013 Jul;149(1-3):38-45
Date
Jul-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Antidepressive Agents - therapeutic use
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Depressive Disorder - drug therapy - epidemiology
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Registries
Social Adjustment
Sweden - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Although depression is common, prevalence estimates of antidepressant use among the workforce and undisputed evidence relating psychosocial work characteristics to depression is scarce. This study cross-sectionally assesses the prevalence of antidepressant use among employed in Sweden and Denmark and prospectively examines associations between work characteristics and antidepressant use.
Data on work demands, influence and learning possibilities was collected 2005-2006 from two representative samples of employed aged 20-59 years from Sweden (n=4351) and Denmark (n=8064) and linked to purchases of antidepressants through national prescription drug registries. Standardized 12-month prevalences were calculated. Cox regressions on work characteristics and incident use were performed separately and estimates pooled.
Employed Swedish residents had higher standardized prevalence than Danish, 6.0% compared to 5.0%. Working fast and conflicting demands were associated with incident use when estimates were pooled, but adjustment for baseline health attenuated these estimates. Emotionally disturbing situations were related to any incident use, and more strongly to use >179 defined daily dosages/year, even after adjustment for various covariates.
Statistics based on national prescription drug registries are influenced by, e.g., treatment seeking behaviours and other reasons for prescription than depression. Selective drop-out may also affect prevalence estimates.
The study indicates that use of antidepressants among the workforce is relatively high and that employed Swedish residents had higher prevalence of antidepressant use than Danish. Relationships between work characteristics and antidepressant use were, however, similar with emotional demands showing the strongest association, indicating that particular groups of employees may be at increased risk.
PubMed ID
22959681 View in PubMed
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Are fatigue, depression and anxiety associated with labour market participation among patients diagnosed with haematological malignancies? A prospective study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature269147
Source
Psychooncology. 2015 Apr;24(4):408-15
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2015
Author
Trine A Horsboel
Ute Bültmann
Claus V Nielsen
Bendt Nielsen
Niels T Andersen
Annette de Thurah
Source
Psychooncology. 2015 Apr;24(4):408-15
Date
Apr-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Anxiety - epidemiology - psychology
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Depression - epidemiology - psychology
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Fatigue - epidemiology - psychology
Female
Hematologic Neoplasms - epidemiology - psychology
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Mental Fatigue - epidemiology - psychology
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Return to Work - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sick Leave - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
The objectives of this study are to examine levels of fatigue, depression and anxiety following diagnosis of a haematological malignancy, to determine the incidence of return to work (RTW) and long-term sickness absence (LTSA) during 1-year follow-up and to examine whether fatigue, depression and anxiety are associated with RTW and LTSA in this group of cancer patients.
Questionnaire-based data on fatigue, depression and anxiety were obtained at baseline. In all, 196 patients returned the questionnaire. Of these, 106 patients were on sick leave and 90 patients were working. They were all followed prospectively for 1 year using register-based data on labour market participation.
At baseline, high levels of fatigue, depression and anxiety were more prevalent among sickness absent patients than in those working. Half of the sickness absent patients returned to work during follow-up, and only 10 (11%) working patients experienced LTSA. Sickness absent patients with highest scores of physical fatigue were less likely to RTW than those with lowest scores (RRadj 0.43, 95% CI 0.23-0.78). Similar, we found an association between symptoms of anxiety and RTW (p?=?0.048). This association was though non-significant in multivariable analyses (p?=?0.068). No significant association was found between depression and RTW.
Half of sickness absent patients returned to work, and only a few of working patients experienced LTSA during follow-up. Patients reporting high levels of physical fatigue were less likely to RTW. There was a similar tendency for anxiety, whereas we found no association between depression and RTW. Larger prospective studies are needed.
PubMed ID
25174733 View in PubMed
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The association between early-onset schizophrenia with employment, income, education, and cohabitation status: nationwide study with 35 years of follow-up.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature309253
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2019 Nov; 54(11):1343-1351
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Nov-2019
Author
Christian Hakulinen
John J McGrath
Allan Timmerman
Niels Skipper
Preben Bo Mortensen
Carsten Bøcker Pedersen
Esben Agerbo
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 21, 00014, Helsinki, Finland. christian.hakulinen@helsinki.fi.
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2019 Nov; 54(11):1343-1351
Date
Nov-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Educational Status
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Income - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data
Schizophrenia - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
Individuals with schizophrenia have been reported to have low employment rates. We examined the associations of schizophrenia with employment, income, and status of cohabitation from a work life course perspective.
Nationwide cohort study including all individuals (n?=?2,390,127) born in Denmark between 1955 and 1991, who were alive at their 25th birthday. Diagnosis of schizophrenia (yes/no) between ages 15 and 25 was used as an exposure. Employment status, annual wage or self-employment earnings, level of education, and cohabitant status from the age of 25-61 (years 1980-2016) were used as outcomes.
Schizophrenia diagnosis between ages 15 and 25 (n?=?9448) was associated with higher odds of not being employed (at the age of 30: OR 39.4, 95% CI 36.5-42.6), having no secondary or higher education (7.4, 7.0-7.8), and living alone (7.6, 7.2-8.1). These odds ratios were two-to-three times lower and decreasing over time for those individuals who did not receive treatment in a psychiatric inpatient or outpatient clinic for schizophrenia after the age of 25. Between ages 25-61, individuals with schizophrenia have cumulative earning of $224,000, which is 14% of the amount that the individuals who have not been diagnosed with schizophrenia earn.
Individuals with schizophrenia are at high risk of being outside the labour market and living alone throughout their entire life, resulting in an enormous societal loss in earnings. Individuals with less chronic course of schizophrenia had a gradual but substantial improvement throughout their work life.
PubMed ID
31456027 View in PubMed
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Association between education and television viewing among older working and retired people: a comparative study of Finland and Japan.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature303182
Source
BMC Public Health. 2018 07 25; 18(1):917
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
07-25-2018
Author
Taishi Tsuji
Airi Amemiya
Kokoro Shirai
Sari Stenholm
Jaana Pentti
Tuula Oksanen
Jussi Vahtera
Katsunori Kondo
Author Affiliation
Center for Preventive Medical Sciences, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo Ward, Chiba City, Chiba, Japan. tsuji.t@chiba-u.jp.
Source
BMC Public Health. 2018 07 25; 18(1):917
Date
07-25-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Aged
Body mass index
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Exercise
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Japan - epidemiology
Male
Prevalence
Recreation - psychology
Retirement - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sedentary Behavior
Smoking
Television - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Educational attainment is associated with physical activity among older people. However, little is known about its association with sedentary lifestyle in European as well as Asian nations. This study aims to examine the associations between educational attainment and daily television viewing as an indicator of a sedentary lifestyle among older working and retired people in Finland and Japan.
We used cross-sectional harmonized data from two cohorts, the Finnish Public Sector study (n?=?10,744) and the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (n?=?2493), evaluating individuals aged 65-75 years old. We defined high-duration television viewing as =4 h per day. Poisson regression was used to examine the association between educational attainment and high-duration television viewing, stratified by the current working status. Models were adjusted for age, sex, household size, smoking, alcohol, body mass index, chronic diseases, mental disorders, and physical activity.
Of the participants, 27% in Finland and 30% in Japan reported high-duration television viewing. Compared with a low education (=9 years), Finnish and Japanese retirees with a high education (=13 years) had less high-duration television viewing [prevalence ratio, PR 0.68 (95% confidence interval 0.63-0.73) and 0.66 (0.55-0.79), respectively]. The corresponding PRs for Finnish and Japanese retirees with intermediate education were also lowered [0.89 (0.83-0.95) and 0.79 (0.68-0.91), respectively]. Among older people still at work, educational attainment was associated with high-duration television viewing among the Japanese but not among the Finnish.
A similar association between educational attainment and high-duration television viewing in Finland and Japan particularly after retirement suggests a robust and consistent impact of educational attainment on a sedentary lifestyle after retirements.
PubMed ID
30045698 View in PubMed
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Associations between sickness absence and harassment, threats, violence, or discrimination: a cross-sectional study of the Swedish Police.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature124022
Source
Work. 2012;42(1):83-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Pia Svedberg
Kristina Alexanderson
Author Affiliation
Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Pia.Svedberg@ki.se
Source
Work. 2012;42(1):83-92
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adult
Age Distribution
Bullying - psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dominance-Subordination
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Interprofessional Relations
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - etiology
Occupations - statistics & numerical data
Police
Prejudice
Questionnaires
Sex Distribution
Sexual Harassment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sick Leave - statistics & numerical data - trends
Social Behavior
Sweden - epidemiology
Violence - psychology - statistics & numerical data - trends
Workplace - psychology
Abstract
To study if sick leave among employees in the Swedish Police was associated with experiences of discrimination, harassment, or (threats of) violence.
All employees in the Swedish Police in 2005.
Analyses of data from a questionnaire to all employees; 74% (n=16,725) responded. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) between sick leave and the studied factors were assessed.
The rate of sickness absence was higher for women (12%) than for men (8%) (p
PubMed ID
22635152 View in PubMed
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Source
J Lesbian Stud. 2008;12(1):97-102
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Jukka Lehtonen
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology, University of Helsinki, Finland. jukka.p.lehtonen@helsinki.fi
Source
J Lesbian Stud. 2008;12(1):97-102
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Career Choice
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Homosexuality, Female - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Job Description
Middle Aged
Personal Satisfaction
Prejudice
Questionnaires
Social Perception
Women, Working - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Workplace - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
I focus on lesbian women's career choices and analyse how they explain their choices in relation to their sexuality. In addition to personal accounts and experiences, I use survey data that shows that several factors influence lesbian women's occupational circumstances. The Sexual Minority Survey included 726 respondents, of which 415 are women. The survey was conducted as part of the project Sexual and Gender Minorities at Work. Although many lesbian women claim that their sexuality did not influence their career choices, their career choice processes seem to be linked in many ways with sexuality, gender, and heteronormativity in society.
PubMed ID
19042296 View in PubMed
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Career maturity: a latent means and covariance structure analysis of Daidalos.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature90292
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2009 Apr;50(2):109-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2009
Author
Dybwad Tom-Erik
Author Affiliation
The Regional University of Bodø, Norway. tom-erik.dybwad@hibo.no
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2009 Apr;50(2):109-20
Date
Apr-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Attitude
Career Choice
Decision Making - physiology
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Male
Norway
Occupations - statistics & numerical data
Self Concept
Sex Distribution
Social Support
Uncertainty
Young Adult
Abstract
A latent means and covariance structure analysis was conducted to assess the construct validity and construct comparability in the measuring of career maturity across boys and girls. The career maturity inventory has been coined Daidalos. The sample consisted of 2,443 high school students recruited from one county in Norway. Of these, 1,132 were males, and 1,311 were females. The mean age of the participants was 17 years of age. Goodness-of-fit statistics provided support for a five-factor first-order model in which the factor loadings, factor covariances and item intercepts were invariant across groups. Additionally, deltaS-B chi2 was shown to be non-significant for the testing of invariance of the measurement model. Three significant differences in latent means were detected, with boys scoring higher on negative attitudes toward school or dropout intentions, and girls scoring higher on career uncertainty and need for world-of-work information.
PubMed ID
19170969 View in PubMed
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106 records – page 1 of 11.