In connection with the upcoming changes in the professional education in Russia, there is a need to adapt the existing system of training of anesthesiologists. We sent questionnaires to 831 anesthesiologists to identify their opinion about the planned transition to continuous medical education. We found that the majority of respondents do not object to the implementation in practice of this system, especially if the educational model will be adapted to the specific requests of practitioners. Reorganization of the system of higher and additional professional education requires state educational and medical institutions, and public organizations of the effective interaction. Public professional organizations should play the more active role of facilitators of the educational process.
According to a Concept of continuous special education, postgraduate special training remains an essential link in creating a widely educated doctor with humanistic and natural-science ideology, high culture and knowledge of contemporary circumstances.
Traditional department-based surgical interest groups in Russian medical schools are useful tools for student-based selection of specialty training. They also form a nucleus for initiating research activities among undergraduate students. In Russia, the Departments of Topographical Anatomy and Operative Surgery play an important role in initiating student-led research and providing learners with advanced, practical surgical skills. In tandem with department-led activities, student surgical interest groups prepare learners through surgical competitions, known as "Surgical Olympiads," which have been conducted in many Russian centers on a regular basis since 1988. Surgical Olympiads stimulate student interest in the development of surgical skills before graduation and encourage students to choose surgery as their postgraduate specialty. Many of the participants in these surgical Olympiads have become highly qualified specialists in general surgery, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, urology, gynecology, and emergency medicine. The present article emphasizes the role of student interest groups and surgical Olympiads in clinical anatomical and surgical undergraduate training in Russia.
The foundation of simulation technologies application in educational process is presented in the article. It is described difficulties during anesthesiologists-resuscitators training and education of physicians of not intensive care specialty in intensive care methods. It was emphasized that new innovative educational stage is formed at present time. It is simulation stage between preclinical and clinical stages. Theoretical foundation and practical evidence of efficiency of simulation training are expressed in detail.