This paper addresses the issue of commitment, both to oneself through continuing education and to one's profession through involvement in provincial and national professional organizations. The results of a survey sent to 287 therapists are discussed in relation to a discussion of relevant literature. Results indicate that the respondents are quite involved in both areas with those between the ages of 26 and 40 being most involved in the professional associations. Personal satisfaction was the main reason for this involvement and time was the biggest deterrent to involvement.
The usefulness of an educational package on hypertension that provides clinically important, up-to-date medical information and office "aids" to primary care physicians was tested in a randomized controlled trial. Fifty-six physicians completed a pretest multiple-choice questionnaire and were allocated at random either to a group that received the educational package (the "study group") or to a control group. There was a highly significant correlation between the pretest scores and the number of years since graduation (r = -0.55, p less than 0.0001), which indicated that younger physicians are more likely than older physicians to have an up-to-date knowledge of the management of hypertension. The increase in knowledge in the study group (17.5%) was significantly greater than that in the control group (2.7%). Furthermore, although the post-test scores in the control group were still significantly correlated with the number of years since graduation, those in the study group were not. It was concluded that although the older physicians knew less than their younger colleagues about hypertension, the use of the educational package significantly increased knowledge, and the increase was not limited by the physician's age.
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to describe differences in specialty choices and qualifications between male and female physicians at the start of their residency in Denmark 1998-2003. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Data consist of all applications for residency in the period 1998-2003 in 21 medical specialties. 1,920 physicians in residency are included in the study. Their gender is compared with specialty choices, age and points achieved on supplementary criteria. RESULTS: Over 80% of the residents in child and youth psychiatry and gynaecology/obstetrics were women. 87% of the residents in orthopaedic surgery were men. No gender differences were found in biological age and candidate age at the start of residency. Women achieved higher points for clinical qualification and theoretical courses, while the male residents achieved the highest points for scientific and pedagogical qualification. Within the individual medical specialties there were no gender differences. CONCLUSION: Gender does not have independent influence on achieved residency, but the study shows that there are gender differences in specialty choice and in the way men and women qualify for residency. The clear differences between men and woman across medical specialties are not matched by similar differences within each specialty. Gender differences thus seem determined by differences in specialty choice. The study results can help create the basis for the future medical residency and can guide the considerations of specialty societies, young physicians and other interested parties with regard to recruitment and specialty profile.
The Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME) recently reinterpreted ED-2, their quantified patient criteria requirement.
The purpose is to describe pediatric clerkship directors' response to ED-2.
We used a survey of U.S. and Canadian pediatric clerkship directors.
Survey response rate was 76% (108/142). The most frequent categories that clerkship directors used to describe quantified patient criteria were age group (77%), organ systems (65%), or symptoms (61%). Computer simulations were the alternative patient experience in 83% of clerkships. Patient logs (90%) and checklists (31%) tracked student completion of ED-2. Thirty-two respondents had an LCME visit since ED-2 was reinterpreted, and 69% reported that LCME had concerns about their clerkships' fulfillment of ED-2. There was no difference in method of ED-2 implementation between schools who were cited by LCME and those who were not.
Clerkship directors have used a variety of approaches to specify and monitor quantified patient criteria.
To identify and quantify the reasons general practitioners and family physicians consider retraining and their reasons for not pursuing further training.
Population-based mailed survey.
Family physicians and general practitioners identified by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia.
Practising physicians' level of awareness of the University of British Columbia's re-entry training program, the number and demographic characteristics of those who had considered retraining, their specialties of interest, and the barriers and possible inducements to retraining.
Only half of the survey respondents were aware of the re-entry training program at the University of British Columbia. A small but substantial number of practising general practitioners and family physicians were interested in taking specialty training from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. While several training programs were particularly popular (ie, anesthesia and psychiatry--18.5% of respondents for each), almost every specialty training program was mentioned. Physicians identified the length and hours of training, financial issues, family issues, and the need for relocation as obstacles to retraining. The availability of part-time training, regional training, and return-of-service financial assistance were all identified as potential inducements.
To meet the needs of practising physicians, re-entry training programs will need to consider flexibility, where feasible, with regard to choice of specialty, intensity, and location of postgraduate training.
Cites: Can Fam Physician. 2001 Jul;47:1404-1011494928
Cites: Can J Psychiatry. 2002 Sep;47(7):644-5112355676