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Cardiovascular nursing in RN and higher education in Swedish universities: a national survey.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature70929
Source
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2004 Sep;3(3):255-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2004
Author
Bengt Fridlund
Jan Mårtensson
Author Affiliation
Department of Nursing, Lund University, P.O. Box 157, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden. bengt.fridlund@omv.lu.se
Source
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2004 Sep;3(3):255-9
Date
Sep-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiology - education
Cardiovascular Diseases - nursing
Comparative Study
Curriculum - standards - statistics & numerical data
Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate - organization & administration
Education, Nursing, Diploma Programs - organization & administration
Education, Nursing, Graduate - organization & administration
Faculty, Nursing
Humans
Needs Assessment
Nurse Clinicians - education
Nursing Education Research
Questionnaires
Schools, Nursing
Specialties, Nursing - education
Sweden
Abstract
Cardiovascular nursing (CVN) is rapidly developing and has accumulated a large amount of evidence to support interventions aimed at reducing suffering and hastening recovery. However, knowledge of the extent and content of CVN training in Sweden is lacking. The aim of this study was therefore to identify and describe CVN in the Swedish RN education as well as in higher education, with reference to type of course and credits, content, area and target group. A nationwide survey was carried out in Sweden at all university level nursing schools (N=26) by means of a 25-item questionnaire, which was analysed by descriptive statistics. The findings show that 69% and 23% of the schools awarded 0-1 credits [0-1.5 European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS)] and 2-3 credits (3-4.5 ECTS), respectively for cardiology/CVN in the RN education. Target areas outside the hospital setting reported by 23% and 19% of nursing schools were primary health care and community care, respectively. Special target groups in addition to the general public were the elderly (42%) and women (58%). Advanced courses in CVN comprising 10-40 credits (15-60 ECTS) were held by 27% of nursing schools, but no school had a specialist or Master level education. Important educational implications from the study of the RN education are the establishment of a minimum credit figure and to reach out into primary health care.
PubMed ID
15350236 View in PubMed
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Prehospital Emergency Nursing students' experiences of learning during prehospital clinical placements.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature119089
Source
Int Emerg Nurs. 2013 Jul;21(3):197-203
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2013
Author
Kim Wallin
Bengt Fridlund
Ann-Britt Thorén
Author Affiliation
School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, S-351 95 Växjö, Sweden. kim.wallin@lnu.se
Source
Int Emerg Nurs. 2013 Jul;21(3):197-203
Date
Jul-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude of Health Personnel
Clinical Clerkship
Clinical Competence
Emergency medical services
Emergency Nursing - education
Female
Humans
Learning
Male
Nursing Education Research
Qualitative Research
Students, Nursing - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
Clinical placements play an important role in learning a new profession, but students report about poor placement experiences. Standards have been laid down for improvements within clinical training in Prehospital Emergency Nursing programmes in Sweden, but no studies have been carried out in this field in a Swedish context. The purpose of this study was thus to describe the experiences of Prehospital Emergency Nursing (PEN) students of their clinical placement and the effect on their learning process. Data were collected in 28 individual interviews and analyzed in accordance with Flanagan's Critical Incident Technique. Three main areas emerged: the professional clinical supervisor, the clinical placement setting and the learning strategy. All these areas played a significant role in the PEN students' learning progress and development into a new professional role. The choice of clinical supervisor (CS) and clinical placement is important if PEN students' learning is to be an effective and positive experience. The prehospital environment is unique and can have positive and negative effects on student learning depending on the support and structure given during their clinical placement. A learning strategy based on reflective dialogue, CS continuity and a learning structure based on the prehospital environment is presented.
PubMed ID
23140791 View in PubMed
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Knowledge of heart disease risk in patients declining rehabilitation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature97586
Source
Br J Nurs. 2010 Mar 11-24;19(5):288-93
Publication Type
Article
Author
Sofia Almerud Osterberg
Amir Baigi
Charlotte Bering
Bengt Fridlund
Author Affiliation
School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden
Source
Br J Nurs. 2010 Mar 11-24;19(5):288-93
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Coronary Disease - etiology - psychology - rehabilitation
Depression - complications
Educational Measurement
Female
Happiness
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Life Style
Loneliness
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic
Questionnaires
Recurrence
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Social Isolation
Statistics, nonparametric
Sweden
Treatment Refusal - psychology
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Participation in cardiac rehabilitation programmes (CRPs) allows patients to increase their knowledge of the importance of established risk factors to help them maintain healthy lifestyle changes after coronary heart disease (CHD). AIM: To explore perceived importance and knowledge of known risk factors for CHD among non-attendees in CRPs. METHOD: Consecutive non-attendees in CRPs (n=106) answered a questionnaire focusing on patients' attitudes towards risk factors and cardiac rehabilitation. RESULTS: The non-attendees lacked knowledge of non-physical characteristics such as depression and social isolation. They also had poor knowledge about biological causes and hereditary factors. However, those who said they knew enough about CHD to prevent recurrent illness did have sufficient knowledge about the established risk factors. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of knowledge about social isolation and depression and their importance in the development of CHD among the non-attendees. They show greater knowledge about biological risk factors than the importance of companionship, joy and happiness. CHD and loneliness are intimately correlated, so creating a sense of belonging must not be underestimated as a measure to prevent CHD.
PubMed ID
20335897 View in PubMed
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Health professionals' views on sexual information following MI.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100396
Source
Br J Nurs. 2010 Sep 9-22;19(16):1052-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
Bodil Ivarsson
Bengt Fridlund
Trygve Sjöberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiothoacic Surgery, Lund University, Sweden.
Source
Br J Nurs. 2010 Sep 9-22;19(16):1052-4
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Coronary Care Units
Health services needs and demand
Humans
Myocardial Infarction - nursing
Nurse's Role - psychology
Nursing Methodology Research
Nursing Staff, Hospital - organization & administration - psychology
Patient Education as Topic - organization & administration
Qualitative Research
Questionnaires
Sex Education - organization & administration
Sexual Behavior
Sweden
Teaching Materials
Abstract
Following myocardial infarction (MI), patients often have unanswered questions about resuming sexual activity. Coronary care nurses can play an important role in counselling. However, this sensitive area is frequently neglected in nursing practice. This article discusses patient and nurse perceptions of such discussions and explores ways to increase nurses' awareness, so that they might offer sexual counselling to patients post-MI. Health professionals representing 18 Swedish coronary care units answered two open-ended questions, and their answers were analysed and categorized by content. Two main categories were identified: 'Difficulties and challenges' and 'Future needs'. These two categories were further divided into sub-categories respectively: 'Information flow', 'Patients' responsibility', 'Information to partners' and 'Cooperating with other experts'; and 'Preparing information tools' and 'Highlighting sexual issues'. It was found that when sexual concerns arise, contact with medical social workers, urologists and gynaecologists is scarce. It was also found that the current written information is insufficient. Responsibility currently falls on patients to ensure that both they and their partners have been adequately informed regarding any sexual concerns. It is essential that health professionals are well-educated and have the necessary skills to inform patients and their partners about sexual issues following MI.
PubMed ID
20852469 View in PubMed
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The effect of an oral health education program after three years.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature62786
Source
Spec Care Dentist. 2003;23(2):63-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
Gun Paulsson
Björn Söderfeldt
Tommy Nederfors
Bengt Fridlund
Author Affiliation
School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Box 823, S-30118 Halmstad, Sweden. gun.paulsson@hos.hh.se
Source
Spec Care Dentist. 2003;23(2):63-9
Date
2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Attitude of Health Personnel
Attitude to Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dental Care for Aged - nursing
Dental Care for Disabled - nursing
Education, Nursing
Feasibility Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health Education, Dental
Health promotion
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Motivation
Oral Health
Program Evaluation
Residential Facilities
Sweden
Workplace
Abstract
Three years after providing an oral health education program (OHEP) to nursing personnel, the authors analyzed the effect of the program on knowledge of the importance of oral health and on perception among the nurses of the possibility to implement oral care in patient care. The study was based on a cross-sectional survey of all nursing personnel (N = 2,901) in five municipalities in the Southwestern Sweden, of whom 950 had attended four one-hour lessons during an OHEP in 1996. The response rate to the survey questionnaire was 67% (1,930 subjects). Statistical analysis was performed by means of descriptive and analytical statistics. The program was shown to have an independent effect on the dependent variables "knowledge of oral health" and "assessment of implementation possibilities," This study has given further evidence of the feasibility of an educational program to improve both knowledge and implementation of oral health care.
PubMed ID
14620765 View in PubMed
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Mothers' sense of security in the first postnatal week: interview study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139868
Source
J Adv Nurs. 2011 Jan;67(1):105-16
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2011
Author
Eva K Persson
Bengt Fridlund
Linda J Kvist
Anna-Karin Dykes
Author Affiliation
Division of Nursing, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden. eva-kristina.persson@med.lu.se
Source
J Adv Nurs. 2011 Jan;67(1):105-16
Date
Jan-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude of Health Personnel
Attitude to Health
Breast Feeding - psychology
Education, Nursing, Continuing
Emotions
Fathers - psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Midwifery
Mother-Child Relations
Mothers - psychology
Nurse-Patient Relations
Patient Education as Topic - organization & administration
Postnatal Care - methods - organization & administration - psychology
Postpartum Period - psychology
Pregnancy
Qualitative Research
Safety
Social Support
Sweden
Young Adult
Abstract
This paper is a report of a study of factors which influence mothers' sense of security during the first postnatal week.
Mothers' sense of security the first postnatal week is not thoroughly elucidated in the literature.
An interview study with a qualitative descriptive design was carried out, using thematic content analysis. Fourteen mothers from three hospital uptake areas in Southern Sweden were interviewed using focus group discussions and individual interviews between May 2008 and March 2009.
Postnatal sense of security was dependent on support from staff, support from family and the capacity and health of the woman and the baby, and these themes had categories and sub-categories, including: Being met as an individual, being given relevant information, being prepared for the time after birth and having someone to turn to--knowing who to ask, having partner and/or significant others close at hand, mother's and the baby's own resources, being assured that her own physical health was good, and having planned follow-up regarding the baby's health after discharge.
Staff attitudes should be continually discussed at all units providing maternity care. These discussions should include attitudes towards the father and the significance of his presence for the wellbeing of the family. Continued postbasic staff education in, for example, counselling and communication is necessary if services are to be improved so that parents' individual needs can be met. Preparation for the early postpartum period is important and all information given must be consistent, in particular information about breastfeeding.
PubMed ID
20969617 View in PubMed
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Communication between patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and healthcare personnel during the initial visit to a continuous positive airway pressure clinic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280963
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2017 Feb;26(3-4):568-577
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2017
Author
Anders Broström
Bengt Fridlund
Berith Hedberg
Per Nilsen
Martin Ulander
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2017 Feb;26(3-4):568-577
Date
Feb-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure - psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic - methods
Patient satisfaction
Physician-Patient Relations
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive - psychology - therapy
Sweden
Abstract
To describe facilitators and barriers from a patient perspective in communications between patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and healthcare personnel during the first meeting when continuous positive airway pressure is initiated.
Adherence to continuous positive airway pressure treatment tends to be poor, especially at the initial phase of treatment. Communication between the patient and healthcare personnel has not been studied from the patient perspective, as either a barrier or facilitator for adherence.
A descriptive design using qualitative content analysis was used. Interviews with 25 patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome took place after their initial visit at four continuous positive airway pressure clinics. A deductive analysis based on The 4 Habits Model (i.e. emphasise the importance of investing in the beginning of the consultation, elicit the patient's perspective, demonstrate empathy and invest in the end of the consultation) was conducted.
Building confidence (i.e. structure building, information transfer, commitment) or hindering confidence (i.e. organisational insufficiency, stress behaviour, interaction deficit) was associated with investing in the beginning. Motivating (i.e. situational insight, knowledge transfer, practical training) or demotivating (i.e. expectations, dominance and power asymmetry, barriers) was associated with eliciting the patient's perspective. Building hope (i.e. awareness, sensitivity, demonstration of understanding) or hindering hope (i.e. unprepared, uncommitted, incomprehension) was associated with showing empathy. Agreement (i.e. confirmation, responsibilities, comprehensive information) or disagreement (i.e. structural obscurity, irresponsibility, absent-mindedness) was associated with investing in the end.
Understanding of facilitators and barriers, as described by patients, can be used to improve contextual conditions and communication skills among healthcare personnel.
A patient-centred communication technique should be used in relation to all stages of The 4 Habits Model to facilitate shared decision-making and improve adherence to continuous positive airway pressure treatment.
PubMed ID
27685080 View in PubMed
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Evaluation of a health promotion programme to prevent the misuse of androgenic anabolic steroids among Swedish adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9525
Source
Health Promot Int. 2004 Mar;19(1):61-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2004
Author
Sverker Nilsson
Peter Allebeck
Bertil Marklund
Amir Baigi
Bengt Fridlund
Author Affiliation
Department of Primary Health Care, Varberg, Sweden. s.nilsson@neptunuskliniken.nu
Source
Health Promot Int. 2004 Mar;19(1):61-7
Date
Mar-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Anabolic Agents
Androgens
Body Image
Female
Health Education - methods
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Promotion - methods
Humans
Male
Program Development - methods
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Schools
Sweden
Abstract
The aim of this study was to design an appearance programme in order to prevent the misuse of androgenic anabolic steroids among adolescents and to evaluate the adolescents' perception of this programme. The study was performed in all schools in a primary health care area on the south west coast of Sweden. The intervention targeted all 16- and 17-year-old males and females (n = 921). The intervention and evaluation were completed by 451 boys. The strategy of the appearance programme was to create awareness of and to discuss attitudes towards steroid hormones among these adolescents. Youth leaders and health workers, who discussed these subjects with adolescents over a period of 2 years, carried out the intervention programme. The perception of the programme was analysed anonymously using questionnaires. Effects on the total population of youths were assessed by two cross-sectional surveys. The intervention programme was well received by the adolescents. The misuse of androgenic anabolic steroids had a tendency to decrease after the appearance programme. We demonstrated a method for involving the community in an appearance programme to reduce misuse of anabolic steroids and showed that youth were sensitive to our discussions about appearance and attitudes. This study indicates that drug abuse among adolescents can be decreased by health promotion activities, such as group discussions. Controlled studies are needed before the results of this appearance programme can be generalized.
PubMed ID
14976173 View in PubMed
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Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for a healthy lifestyle among Swedish university students.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9231
Source
Nurs Health Sci. 2005 Jun;7(2):107-18
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2005
Author
Margareta I K von Bothmer
Bengt Fridlund
Author Affiliation
School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden. Margareta.von_Bothmer@hos.hh.se
Source
Nurs Health Sci. 2005 Jun;7(2):107-18
Date
Jun-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol Drinking - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Attitude to Health
Comparative Study
Female
Food Habits - psychology
Habits
Health Behavior
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Surveys
Humans
Life Style
Male
Men - education - psychology
Motivation
Obesity - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Smoking - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Social Support
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Students - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Universities
Women - education - psychology
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to investigate gender differences in students' health habits and motivation for a healthy lifestyle. The sample of students comprised a probability systematic stratified sample from each department at a small university in the south-west of Sweden (n = 479). A questionnaire created for this study was used for data collection. Self-rated health was measured by number of health complaints, where good health was defined as having less than three health complaints during the last month. A healthy lifestyle index was computed on habits related to smoking, alcohol consumption, food habits, physical activity and stress. Female students had healthier habits related to alcohol consumption and nutrition but were more stressed. Male students showed a high level of overweight and obesity and were less interested in nutrition advice and health enhancing activities. The gender differences are discussed in relation to the impact of stress on female students' health, and the risk for male students in having unhealthy nutritional habits in combination with being physically inactive and drinking too much alcohol.
PubMed ID
15877687 View in PubMed
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Information from health care professionals about sexual function and coexistence after myocardial infarction: a Swedish national survey.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature149885
Source
Heart Lung. 2009 Jul-Aug;38(4):330-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
Bodil Ivarsson
Bengt Fridlund
Trygve Sjöberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Lund University Hospital, Lund SE-221 85, Sweden.
Source
Heart Lung. 2009 Jul-Aug;38(4):330-5
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Coronary Care Units
Female
Health Care Surveys
Humans
Male
Myocardial Infarction - psychology - rehabilitation
Patient Discharge
Patient Education as Topic
Physician's Practice Patterns
Professional-Patient Relations
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological - prevention & control
Sexuality
Spouses - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
After a myocardial infarction (MI), many patients and their partners experience problems with marital and sexual life.
A Swedish national survey was carried out to obtain knowledge on the information provided by cardiac health care professionals on the subject of sexual function and coexistence after an MI. It consisted of a questionnaire that was designed, tested, and sent to 121 coronary care units.
The coronary care unit teams rarely provided oral or written information about sexual function and coexistence to patients with MI or their partners. The health care professionals lacked competence in these areas.
It is essential that health care professionals are educated on and inform the patient with MI about the significance of sexual function and coexistence. Further research is required regarding patients' and their partners' need for information and support in this area.
PubMed ID
19577704 View in PubMed
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15 records – page 1 of 2.