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Progress towards universal health coverage in BRICS: translating economic growth into better health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature272142
Source
Bull World Health Organ. 2014 Jun 1;92(6):429-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1-2014
Author
Krishna D Rao
Varduhi Petrosyan
Edson Correia Araujo
Diane McIntyre
Source
Bull World Health Organ. 2014 Jun 1;92(6):429-35
Date
Jun-1-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Brazil
China
Economic development
Health Care Costs
Health Care Reform
Healthcare Financing
Humans
India
Interinstitutional Relations
Resource Allocation - economics
Russia
South Africa
Universal Coverage
Abstract
Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa--the countries known as BRICS--represent some of the world's fastest growing large economies and nearly 40% of the world's population. Over the last two decades, BRICS have undertaken health-system reforms to make progress towards universal health coverage. This paper discusses three key aspects of these reforms: the role of government in financing health; the underlying motivation behind the reforms; and the value of the lessons learnt for non-BRICS countries. Although national governments have played a prominent role in the reforms, private financing constitutes a major share of health spending in BRICS. There is a reliance on direct expenditures in China and India and a substantial presence of private insurance in Brazil and South Africa. The Brazilian health reforms resulted from a political movement that made health a constitutional right, whereas those in China, India, the Russian Federation and South Africa were an attempt to improve the performance of the public system and reduce inequities in access. The move towards universal health coverage has been slow. In China and India, the reforms have not adequately addressed the issue of out-of-pocket payments. Negotiations between national and subnational entities have often been challenging but Brazil has been able to achieve good coordination between federal and state entities via a constitutional delineation of responsibility. In the Russian Federation, poor coordination has led to the fragmented pooling and inefficient use of resources. In mixed health systems it is essential to harness both public and private sector resources.
Notes
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PubMed ID
24940017 View in PubMed
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Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2015 Nov-Dec;(6):9-13
Publication Type
Article
Author
E A Tishuk
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2015 Nov-Dec;(6):9-13
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Delivery of Health Care - standards
Economic Development - trends
Humans
Public Health - standards
Russia
Social Change
Abstract
The analysis was carried out concerning impact of cyclicity of social economic development on population health of the Russian Federation. The conclusions are made related to necessity of determining priorities of development of national system of population health care.
PubMed ID
27116830 View in PubMed
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[Working potential losses in water transport workers and economic parameters in Sakhalin region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146411
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(12):18-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2010;(12):18-22
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cause of Death
Economic Development - statistics & numerical data
Gross Domestic Product - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Health - statistics & numerical data
Russia
Abstract
The authors demonstrated influence of economic growth in Sakhalin region in 2001-2005 on lower working potential losses among water transport workers in 2004-2008. Findings are significant negative correlation between real gross domestic regional product of Sakhalin region and working potential losses among water transport workers, and very strong negative correlation with premature death.
PubMed ID
21442936 View in PubMed
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