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Lifecycle effects of a recession on health behaviors: Boom, bust, and recovery in Iceland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276585
Source
Econ Hum Biol. 2016 Mar;20:90-107
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2016
Author
Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir
Hope Corman
Kelly Noonan
Nancy E Reichman
Source
Econ Hum Biol. 2016 Mar;20:90-107
Date
Mar-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking - economics - epidemiology
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Diet - adverse effects - economics - trends
Dietary Sucrose - adverse effects - economics
Economic Development - trends
Economic Recession
Fast Foods - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Female
Health Behavior
Health Surveys
Humans
Iceland
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Smoking - economics - epidemiology
Sunbathing - economics - trends
Young Adult
Abstract
This study uses individual-level longitudinal data from Iceland, a country that experienced a severe economic crisis in 2008 and substantial recovery by 2012, to investigate the extent to which the effects of a recession on health behaviors are lingering or short-lived and to explore trajectories in health behaviors from pre-crisis boom, to crisis, to recovery. Health-compromising behaviors (smoking, heavy drinking, sugared soft drinks, sweets, fast food, and tanning) declined during the crisis, and all but sweets continued to decline during the recovery. Health-promoting behaviors (consumption of fruit, fish oil, and vitamins/minerals and getting recommended sleep) followed more idiosyncratic paths. Overall, most behaviors reverted back to their pre-crisis levels or trends during the recovery, and these short-term deviations in trajectories were probably too short-lived in this recession to have major impacts on health or mortality. A notable exception is for binge drinking, which declined by 10% during the 2 crisis years, continued to fall (at a slower rate of 8%) during the 3 recovery years, and did not revert back to the upward pre-crisis trend during our observation period. These lingering effects, which directionally run counter to the pre-crisis upward trend in consumption and do not reflect price increases during the recovery period, suggest that alcohol is a potential pathway by which recessions improve health and/or reduce mortality.
PubMed ID
26687768 View in PubMed
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Trends in Greenlandic Inuit teenager pregnancy rates

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76527
Source
Pages 159-161 in R. Fortuine, ed. Circumpolar Health 84. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, 6th, Anchorage, 13-18 May, 1984. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 1985.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
, trends in birth rates in th~ 1950s and 1960$, and the later decline of fertility in the course of economic development and modernization have been thoroug~ly scrutinized by H. 0. Hansen- (13). The remarkable decline in birth rates at the end t>f the 1960s was facilitated by the introdu~tion of
  1 document  
Author
Hansen, P. K.
Smith, S. F.
Author Affiliation
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark
Source
Pages 159-161 in R. Fortuine, ed. Circumpolar Health 84. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circumpolar Health, 6th, Anchorage, 13-18 May, 1984. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 1985.
Date
1985
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Abortion rates
Birth rates
Economic development
Fertility rate
Maternal and child health
Teenage pregnancy
Documents
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