The necessity of taking into account the interests of public health care informing and implementing solutions for water management has been substantiated. Scientific frameworks and regulatory sanitary legislative documents relating to various areas of water management have been considered. The possibilities and the importance of performing complex territory medical ecological forecasts of effects of changes in hydrological situation have been demonstrated.
Contemporary factors that affect the health of the population have been analyzed. There was shown the growing activity of chemical pollution of the environment. Therefore, in order to prevent the growth of negative health and environment consequences caused by increased levels of exposure to chemicals preventive potential for solutions of this complex problem and all strenuous efforts to assist possibly of the sound management of the chemicals should be enhanced. Problematic issues of harmonization of the Russian normative and guidance documents have been actualized. Perspective directions of science development in the field of human ecology and environmental health are suggested.
There are presented results of the socio-hygienic analysis of ecologically related skin pathology ofthe population of Primorsky Krai. The aim of the work is to establish the patterns of distribution of ecologically related skin diseases in various ecological bioclimatic zones of Primorsky Krai. There was performed an analysis of skin diseases ofform 12 according to ICD-10 main demographic groups (children, adolescents and adults) of the population of Primorsky Krai, residing in various bioclimatic zones of Krai with different levels of environmental stringency in rural and urban areas for the period of 2000-2013. There were established causal-effect relationships of the prevalence of skin diseases, as ecologically related pathology. The level of the prevalence of skin diseases among the population in the Primorye region depends on bioclimatic zones, the degree of the stringency of the environmental situation and combinations of environmental factors. The prevalence of skin diseases in adults, adolescents and children, as the organism's response to the impact ofthe parameters ofthe environment is affected by the complex offactors, the main of them are hygienic: the sanitary--hygienic level of ambient air pollution, the specification of chemical pollution and adverse physical factors in urban and rural settlements, the characteristics of the state of the soil. The medical-sociological research of the lifestyle of the population was performed on the basis of a specially designed questionnaire. The questionnaire included three arrays of issues: environmental, hygienic and social. On the basis of medical and sociological research with the use of multivariate analysis, method of correlation pleiades advanced by P. V. Terentiev, lifestyle and psycho-emotional factors, socio-hygienic, bioclimatic factors were found to play an important role in the prevalence of ecologically related pathology of skin in residents of Primorsky Krai. Differences in responses between urban and rural residents living in areas with various environmental stringency, confirm the preposition about the ambiguity of the approach to the solution of social, hygienic and environmental problems in areas with different socio-economic situation. The obtained results of the study allow us to determine the main directions of treatment and prevention and to develop targeted prevention programs.
Conducted Ecological hygienic assessment of the incidence of respiratory diseases in bioclimatic zones has been performed. The study of the incidence was conducted with the use of the classical methods of analysis of data such as descriptive statistics, chi-square test, correlation and regression analysis. The study found that respiratory diseases occupy 30%, 47% and 61% in the structure of the incidence in adults, adolescents and children correspondingly. Constructed predictive models describe the tendency of increasing incidence in adolescents and children. The morbidity of environmentally dependent respiratory pathology in residents of different regions of Primorye Territory was found to be dependent on the characteristics of bioclimatic zones and combinations of parameters forming these areas. Factors of bioclimatic character: living in an area of high humidity, temperature swings and the weather travel have the most influence on the level of respiratory diseases in childhood. Iindices of morbidity rate in adolescent achieve those in adult population, that indicates on the immaturity of the adaptation system of adolescent organism to adverse environmental factors.