The Canadian Forces' (CF) deployable hospital, 1 Canadian Field Hospital, was deployed to Haiti after an earthquake that caused massive devastation. Two surgical teams performed 167 operations over a 39-day period starting 17 days after the index event. Most operations were unrelated to the earthquake. Replacing or supplementing the destroyed local surgical capacity for a brief period after a disaster can be a valuable contribution to relief efforts. For future humanitarian operations/disaster response missions, the CF will study the feasibility of accelerating the deployment of surgical capabilities.
"On Good Friday, March 27, 1964, the Alaska earthquake occurred which was probably the largest or equal to the largest earthquake that has ever been recorded," Dr. Karl Bowman writes. "Those of us living in Anchorage were quickly isolated, and, since the badly damaged part of the city was roped off and no one allowed inside of it, and since I was completely occupied with things at the Alaska Psychiatric Institute, I have very little firsthand information about some of the early days of the earthquake except in this one special site."
We investigated chloroquine sensitivity to Plasmodium falciparum in travelers returning to France and Canada from Haiti during a 23-year period. Two of 19 isolates obtained after the 2010 earthquake showed mixed pfcrt 76K+T genotype and high 50% inhibitory concentration. Physicians treating malaria acquired in Haiti should be aware of possible chloroquine resistance.
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On 29 May 2008, an earthquake struck in South Iceland. The aim of this study was to explore the trajectories of post-traumatic stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms among exposed inhabitants during the first year following the earthquake, as well as predictors for symptomology.
This was a longitudinal cohort study based on a sample that was randomly selected from the earthquake-stricken area ( n = 1301). Participants answered a questionnaire assessing demographic and disaster-related factors 2 months after the earthquake. In addition, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety were assessed 2, 4, 8 and 12 months post-disaster.
Two months after the earthquake, 5.2% of the participants reported PTSD symptoms, 6.7% depression and 6.4% anxiety symptoms. When comparing first and last time points only, we found a significant decrease in anxiety ( p = 0.05), particulary among females ( p = 0.05), those with a primary education ( p = 0.01), prior history of accidents/disasters ( p = 0.02) and those experiencing damage to their home ( p = 0.02). No significant trends were found when the development of other symptoms between the four time points was assessed.
Findings indicate a reduction in anxiety symptoms between 2 and 12 months post-disaster, with PTSD and depression symptoms remaining fairly constant across time. No trends in symptomology were observed over time. The results highlight the need for continued monitoring of those affected by disasters and the identification of subgroups at risk in the aftermath of natural disasters.
Immediately after the Anchorage earthquake on March 27, Sigrid Bullard, Red Cross nursing director for the Alaskan disaster, called for volunteers to work beside hard-pressed hospital and clinic staffs. Within a few hours, 45 nurses and 27 trained Red Cross aides offered their services.
An earthquake struck Alaska on Good Friday, March 27, 1964. It began at 5:36 p.m. and lasted for 5 minutes. Its epicenter was in the Prince William Sound near Montague Island. Its intensity measured 8.4 units on the Richter Scale; by contrast the San Francisco earthquake was 8.3 units. Only one stronger earthquake has been recorded in modern times.the 1960 Peruvian quake in which many lives were lost.
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1565.
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It is set that in separate regions substantial value at the study of terms of forming of ecological danger it is necessary to spare to research of vibrations of earth surface under effect of technogenic activity of man. Influence of technogenic earthquakes is investigational on a man and dwellings apartments medical and other establishments. Levels are set also intensities resulting in psychological discomfort.
How rapidly can animal populations in the wild evolve when faced with sudden environmental shifts? Uplift during the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake abruptly created freshwater ponds on multiple islands in Prince William Sound and the Gulf of Alaska. In the short time since the earthquake, the phenotypes of resident freshwater threespine stickleback fish on at least three of these islands have changed dramatically from their oceanic ancestors. To test the hypothesis that these freshwater populations were derived from oceanic ancestors only 50 y ago, we generated over 130,000 single-nucleotide polymorphism genotypes from more than 1,000 individuals using restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq). Population genomic analyses of these data support the hypothesis of recent and repeated, independent colonization of freshwater habitats by oceanic ancestors. We find evidence of recurrent gene flow between oceanic and freshwater ecotypes where they co-occur. Our data implicate natural selection in phenotypic diversification and support the hypothesis that the metapopulation organization of this species helps maintain a large pool of genetic variation that can be redeployed rapidly when oceanic stickleback colonize freshwater environments. We find that the freshwater populations, despite population genetic analyses clearly supporting their young age, have diverged phenotypically from oceanic ancestors to nearly the same extent as populations that were likely founded thousands of years ago. Our results support the intriguing hypothesis that most stickleback evolution in fresh water occurs within the first few decades after invasion of a novel environment.
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The classrooms were made ready for sleeping quarters and the school lunch department was called on to prepare meals for 350 persons to arrive on Monday from the three coastal villages on Kodiak--Chenega, Kayaguk, and Old Harbor. Our first concern was to obtain food and experienced personnel. Although the kitchen was small, it was efficient, and we could serve 1000 meals a day, in place of the usual 250 school lunches.